Properties of the Holy See
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Properties of the Holy See
The properties of the Holy See are regulated by the 1929 Lateran Treaty signed with the Kingdom of Italy. Although part of Italian territory, some of them enjoy immunities, similar to those of foreign embassies.
Outside Vatican City but inside Rome
- Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran (Arcibasilica di San Giovanni in Laterano)
- Basilica of Saint Mary Major (Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore)
- Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls (Basilica di San Paolo fuori le Mura) (the complex includes also the Benedictine monastery, the Pontifical Oratory of San Paolo and the Pontifical Beda College).
- Lateran Palace, Lateran University, the Scala Santa and adjoining buildings,
- Palace of St Callixtus (Palazzo San Callisto) - home of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum.
- Certain buildings on the Gianicolo Hill, namely the Pontifical Urbaniana University, the Pontifical North American College, and the Bambino Gesù Hospital.
- Palazzo della Cancelleria between the Corso Vittorio Emanuele II and Campo de' Fiori.
- Palazzo di Propaganda Fide (the Palace of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples) in the Piazza di Spagna.
- Palace of the Holy Office - home of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith in the Piazza del Sant'Uffizio and adjacent to the Basilica of St. Peter.
- Palace of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches (formerly Palazzo dei Convertendi in Piazza Scossacavalli), in Via della Conciliazione (rione of Borgo)
- Palazzo Pio in Via della Conciliazione (in exchange for Palazzo della Dataria)
- Palace of the Vicariate (also called Palazzo Mattei Mascerotti) in Via della Pigna off the Corso Vittorio Emanuele II near the Piazza del Gesù
- Pontifical Minor Roman Seminary
- Campo Santo Teutonico
- The larger part of Paul VI Audience Hall (the rostrum with the papal throne, however, is part of Vatican territory).
Extraterritorial property of the Holy See in Castel Gandolfo
1. Papal palace with adjacent garden
2. Garden of the Villa Cybo
3. Villa Barberini, gardens and agricultural area
4. Oliveto ex-Bacelli
5. Church of San Tommaso di Villanova
The Fundamental Accord, signed in 1993, grants property rights and tax exemptions to the Holy See over various Christian holy sites in Israel, but the agreement was never finalized because of diplomatic problems between the Vatican and Israeli governments.