Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
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Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Progressive Alliance
of Socialists and Democrats
European Parliament group
S&D.svg
NameProgressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
English abbr.S&D[1] (23 June 2009 to present)
PES[2] (21 April 1993[3] to 22 June 2009)
SOC[2] (1958[4] to 21 April 1993)[3]
S[5] (23 June 1953[3] to 1958)[4]
French abbr.S&D[6] (23 June 2009 to present)
PSE[7] (21 April 1993 to 22 June 2009)
SOC[2] (1958 to 21 April 1993)
S[5] (23 June 1953 to 1958)
Formal nameGroup of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament[1] (23 June 2009 to present)
Socialist Group in the European Parliament[7][8] (20 July 2004[3] to 23 June 2009)
Group of the Party of European Socialists[5][9] (21 April 1993[3] to 20 July 2004)[3]
Socialist Group[4][10] (1958[4] to 21 April 1993)[3]
Group of the Socialists[5] (23 June 1953[3] to 1958)[4]
IdeologySocial democracy[11][12]
Pro-Europeanism
Political positionCentre-left[13]
European partiesParty of European Socialists
Associated organisationsProgressive Alliance
Socialist International
From23 June 1953[3]
ToPresent
Chaired byIratxe García Pérez
MEP(s)
Websitewww.socialistsanddemocrats.eu

The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D)[1] is the political group in the European Parliament of the Party of European Socialists (PES).[14] The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats was officially founded as a Socialist Group on 29 June 1953 which makes it the second oldest political group in the European Parliament after the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group (ALDE). It adopted its present-day name on 23 June 2009.[15]Centre-left in orientation,[16] the group mostly comprises social-democratic parties and is affiliated with the Progressive Alliance.

Until the 1999 European Parliament elections, it was the largest group in the Parliament, but since then it has always been the second-largest group. During the 8th EU Parliament Assembly, the S&D was the only Parliament group with representation from all 28 EU member states.

In the European Council, 8 out of 28 Heads of State and Government belong to the S&D Group and in the European Commission, 8 out of 28 Commissioners come from PES parties.

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the European Union
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History

The Socialist Group was one of the first three groups to be created when it was founded on 23 June 1953[3][17] in the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community. The Common Assembly was the predecessor of the European Parliament. A group bureau and secretariat was established in Luxembourg. The group continued through the creation of the appointed Parliament in 1958 and, when the Parliament became an elected body in 1979 following the first European election, the group became the largest in terms of returned MEPs. It has ever since remained the largest or second largest Group.

In 1987, the Single European Act came into force and the group began co-operating with the European People's Party (EPP) to secure the majorities needed under the cooperation procedure.[18] The left-right coalition between the Socialists and EPP has dominated the Parliament since then[19] and (with some exceptions[20]) the post of President of the Parliament has been split between the two groups ever since.

Meanwhile, the national parties making up the group were also organising themselves on a European level outside the Parliament, creating the Confederation of Socialist Parties of the European Community in 1974.[4][5][21] The Confederation was succeeded by the Party of European Socialists (PES), in 1992.[4][21] As a result, the parliamentary group was renamed the Group of the Party of European Socialists on 21 April 1993.[3]

In 1999, the Parliament refused to approve the Santer Commission's handling of the EU budget. Allegations of corruption centred on two PES Commissioners, Édith Cresson and Manuel Marín. The group initially supported the Commission but later withdrew their support, forcing the Commission to resign.[22]

The group was renamed again to the Socialist Group in the European Parliament[7] on 20 July 2004[3] and was given a different logo, to further distinguish the PES group organisation from the PES European political party.

In 2007, the Socialist Group was the second largest group in Parliament, with MEPs from all but two member states, Latvia and Cyprus.[23] However, the 2009 European election saw a reduction in the number of PES MEPs returned from 2004. The group sought additional members in the Democratic Party of Italy, which was not affiliated to the PES in 2009.[24][25] By the conclusion of the 2004-2009 parliamentary term, the Democratic Party had 8 MEPs in the Socialist Group (coming from Democrats of the Left), but also had 8 MEPs in ALDE Group (coming from The Daisy). The Democratic Party is a big tent centre-left party, strongly influenced by social democracy and the Christian left, and had MEPs who were former Christian Democrats or had other political views.[26] So a new and more inclusive group name had to be found.

The group was going to be named Alliance of Socialists and Democrats for Europe (ASDE) but this was seemed too similar to Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE).[27] The name Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats was suggested on 18 June by group president Martin Schulz[28] and it was renamed on 23 June 2009.[15] The English abbreviation was initially unclear, being variously reported as PASD,[29] S&D Group[30] or PASDE.[31][32] Dissatisfaction by Socialist MEPs towards the new name led Martin Schulz to admit that the name was still under consideration and that the group was to be referred to as the 'Socialists and Democrats' until a final title was chosen.[33] On 14 July 2009, the first day of the constitutive session of the 2009-2014 term, the full formal group name was Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament[1] and the abbreviation was S&D.[1]

The S&D Group joined the Progressive Alliance upon its official foundation on 22 May 2013[34] and is a member of the organisation's board.[35] The group was formerly an Associated Organisation of the Socialist International.[36]

Presidents of the European Parliament

For Presidents of the European Parliament from the group, see President of the European Parliament.

Organisation

The group is led by a President and a Bureau of Vice-Presidents. There is also a Treasurer and a Secretary General.[37]

Presidents of the Group

Presidents of the Group include:[38]

2019-2024 legislature

Vice Presidents

Current Vice-Presidents of the group appointed at the mid-term constitution of the group in December 2016. Éric Andrieu and Mercedes Bresso were elected in early 2018, after Gianni Pittella left the European Parliament and was replaced as President by Udo Bullmann. Mercedes Bresso replaces Isabelle Thomas, who left the S&D Bureau.[40]

Treasurer

2014-2019 legislature

Vice Presidents

Previous Vice-Presidents of the group appointed at the start of the current legislature in 2014 [41]

Treasurer

2009-2014 legislature

Vice Presidents

Previous Vice-Presidents of the group appointed at the start of the 2009 legislature:[42]

2004-2009 legislature

Vice Presidents

Previous Vice-Presidents of the group for the 2004-2009 term were as follows:

Treasurers

Current/previous Treasurers of the group are as follows:

Secretaries General

Current/previous Secretaries General of the group are as follows:

  • Manfred Michel (West Germany)c1970-c1985
  • Paolo Falcone (Italy)c1986-1989
  • Julian Priestley (UK)1989-1994
  • Joan Prat (Spain)1994-1999 (Deputy Sec Gen Richard Corbett UK)
  • Christine Verger (France)1999-2004
  • David Harley (UK)2004-2006
  • Anna Colombo (Italy) [37] 2006-2014
  • Javier Moreno Sanchez (Spain) since 2014

MEPs

9th European Parliament

MEPs from the following parties sit in the group:[43]

The S&D has MEPs from 26 of the 28 EU states, including 26 with more than one MEP (in red) and one (Luxembourg) with exactly one MEP (pink). Ireland and the Czech Republic have no S&D MEPs.
State National party European party MEPs
 Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria
Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs (SPÖ)
PES
 Belgium Socialist Party
Parti Socialiste (PS)
PES
Socialist Party Different
Socialistische Partij Anders (SPA)
PES
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party
()
Bulgarska sotsialisticheska partiya (BSP)
PES
 Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia
Socijaldemokratska partija Hrvatske (SDP)
PES
 Cyprus Movement for Social Democracy
? ()
Kinima Sosialdimokraton (KS)
PES
Democratic Party

Dimokratikó Kómma (DIKO)
None
 Denmark Social Democrats
Socialdemokraterne
PES
 Estonia Social Democratic Party
Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond (SDE)
PES
 Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland
Suomen sosialidemokraattinen puolue
Finlands socialdemokratiska parti
PES
 France Socialist Party
Parti socialiste (PS)
PES
 Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany
Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD)
PES
 Greece Movement for Change
? ()
Kinima Allagis (KINAL)
PES
 Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party
Magyar Szocialista Párt
PES
Democratic Coalition
Demokratikus Koalíció
None
 Italy Democratic Party
Partito Democratico (PD)
PES
We Are Europeans
Siamo Europei (SE)
None
Solidary Democracy
Democrazia Solidale (DEMOS)
None
 Latvia Social Democratic Party "Harmony"
Soci?ldemokr?tisk? partija "Saska?a" (SDPS)
PES
 Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania
Lietuvos socialdemokrat? partija (LSDP)
PES
 Luxembourg Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party
Lëtzebuerger Sozialistesch Aarbechterpartei
Parti ouvrier socialiste luxembourgeois
Luxemburger Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei
PES
 Malta Labour Party
Partit Laburista
PES
 Netherlands Labour Party
Partij van de Arbeid (PvdA)
PES
 Poland Democratic Left Alliance
Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej
PES
Spring
Wiosna
None
 Portugal Socialist Party
Partido Socialista
PES
 Romania Social Democratic Party
Partidul Social Democrat (PSD)
PES
PRO Romania
PRO România
EDP
 Slovakia Direction - Social Democracy
Smer - sociálna demokracia (Smer-SD)
PES
 Slovenia Social Democrats
Socialni demokrati
PES
 Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE)
PES
 Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party
Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti (SAP)
PES
 United Kingdom Labour Party PES
 European Union Total

From 6th to 8th European Parliament

State National party European
party
MEPs
2004-
2009
MEPs
2009-
2014
MEPs
2014-
2019
 Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria
Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs
PES 7 4 5
 Belgium Socialist Party
Parti Socialiste
PES 4 3 3
Socialist Party Different
Socialistische Partij Anders
PES 3 2 1
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party

Bulgarska sotsialisticheska partiya
PES 5 4 4
 Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia
Socijaldemokratska partija Hrvatske
PES 5 4
 Cyprus Movement for Social Democracy
?
Kinima Sosialdimokraton
PES 1 1
Democratic Party

Dimokratikó Kómma
None 1 1 1
 Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party
?eská strana sociáln? demokratická
PES 2 7 4
 Denmark Social Democrats
Socialdemokraterne
PES 5 4 3
 Estonia Social Democratic Party
Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond
PES 3 1 1
 Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland
Suomen sosialidemokraattinen puolue
Finlands socialdemokratiska parti
PES 3 2 2
 France Socialist Party
Parti socialiste
PES 31 14 12
Radical Party of the Left
Parti radical de gauche
None 1
 Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany
Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands
PES 24 23 27
 Greece Movement for Change (PASOK)
?
Kinima Allagis
PES 8 6 2
Democratic Left

Dimokratiki Aristera
None 1
The River

To Potami
None 2
 Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party
Magyar Szocialista Párt
PES 9 4 2
Democratic Coalition
Demokratikus Koalíció
None 2
 Ireland Labour Party
Páirtí an Lucht Oibre
PES 1 3
Nessa Childers (Independent) None 1
 Italy Democrats of the Left[44]
Democratici di Sinistra
PES 12
Democratic Party
Partito Democratico
PES 21 31
Italian Democratic Socialists[45]
Socialisti Democratici Italiani
PES 2
Article 1 - Democratic and Progressive Movement
Articolo Uno - Movimento Democratico e Progressista
None 3
Italian Left
Sinistra Italiana
None 1
Possible
Possibile
None 1
United in the Olive Tree
Uniti nell'Ulivo
None 2
 Latvia Social Democratic Party "Harmony"
Soci?ldemokr?tisk? partija "Saska?a"
PES 1 1
 Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania
Lietuvos socialdemokrat? partija
PES 2 3 2
 Luxembourg Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party
Lëtzebuerger Sozialistesch Aarbechterpartei
Parti ouvrier socialiste luxembourgeois
Luxemburger Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei
PES 1 1 1
 Malta Labour Party
Partit Laburista
PES 3 4 3
 Netherlands Labour Party
Partij van de Arbeid
PES 7 3 3
 Poland Democratic Left Alliance-Labor Union
Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej - Unia Pracy
PES 5 7 5
Social Democratic Party of Poland
Socjaldemokracja Polska
None 3
 Portugal Socialist Party
Partido Socialista
PES 12 7 8
 Romania Social Democratic Party
Partidul Social Democrat
PES 10 11 14
 Slovakia Direction - Social Democracy
Smer - sociálna demokracia
PES 3 5 4
 Slovenia Social Democrats
Socialni demokrati
PES 1 2 1
 Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Partido Socialista Obrero Español
PES 24 21 14
 Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party
Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti
PES 5 5 5
Feminist Initiative
Feministiskt initiativ
None 1
 United Kingdom Labour Party PES 19 13 20
Total 215 184 190

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Seats by Political Group in Each Member State - Elections, Politics & Social Issues". elections2009-results.eu.
  2. ^ a b c "Democracy in the European Parliament" (PDF). Retrieved 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "PES on Europe Politique". Europe-politique.eu. Retrieved 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Confederation of the Socialist Parties of the European Community Collection". Iisg.nl. 7 December 2005. Retrieved 2010.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Political Groups of the European Parliament". Kas.de. Archived from the original on 17 May 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  6. ^ "Sièges par groupe politique dans chaque État membre 14 juillet 2009 à 09:00 CEST". elections2009-results.eu. Archived from the original on 12 June 2009.
  7. ^ a b c "Political Groups Annual Accounts 2001-2006". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2010.
  8. ^ "European Parliament profile of Martin Schulz". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2010.
  9. ^ "European Parliament profile of Pauline Green". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2010.
  10. ^ "European Parliament profile of Ernest Glinne". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2010.
  11. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ Marie-Claire Considère-Charondu (2010). "Irish MEPS in an Enlarged Europe". In Christophe Gillissen (ed.). Ireland: Looking East. Peter Lang. p. 157. ISBN 978-90-5201-652-8. Retrieved 2012.
  13. ^ "Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D)". The Democratic Society. Retrieved 2018.
  14. ^ Tapio Raunio (2012). "Political Interests: The European Parliament's Party Groups". In John Peterson; Michael Shackleton (eds.). The Institutions of the European Union. Oxford University Press. p. 340. ISBN 978-0-19-957498-8. Retrieved 2013.
  15. ^ a b "European socialists change name to accommodate Italian lawmakers". monstersandcritics.com.
  16. ^ Andreas Staab (2011). The European Union Explained, Second Edition: Institutions, Actors, Global Impact. Indiana University Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-253-00164-1. Retrieved 2013.
  17. ^ "Organisation - History - The Socialist Group in The European Parliament". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 1 November 2007. Retrieved 2009.
  18. ^ "EPP-ED Chronology - 1981-1990". EPP-ED Group website. Retrieved 2007.
  19. ^ Settembri, Pierpaolo (2 February 2007). "Is the European Parliament competitive or consensual ... "and why bother"?" (PDF). Federal Trust. Retrieved 2007.
  20. ^ "Interview: Graham Watson, leader of group of Liberal Democrat MEPs". Euractiv. 15 June 2004. Retrieved 2007.
  21. ^ a b How does the PES work? Archived 30 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ Ringer, Nils F. (February 2003). "The Santer Commission Resignation Crisis" (PDF). University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 2007.
  23. ^ "MEPs by Member State and political group - sixth parliamentary term". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 2007.
  24. ^ Taylor, Simon. "New alliance emerges in European Parliament | Policies | EU governance | Parliament". European Voice. Retrieved 2010.
  25. ^ "Franceschini, Ok Alleanza Socialisti e Democratici". Archived from the original on 18 June 2009. Retrieved 2016.
  26. ^ "Italiani All'Estero - Parlamento Europeo - Il Pd Nell'Asde (Alleanza Dei Socialisti E Dei Democratici). Il Cammino E' Cominciato Anche In Europa"/ News/ Italian Network". Italiannetwork.it. Retrieved 2010.
  27. ^ Julien Frisch (17 June 2009). "Julien Frisch: PES not to become ASDE?". Julienfrisch.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2010.
  28. ^ "Schulz: «Sì dei socialisti europei al gruppo parlamentare Pse-Pd". Il Sole 24 ORE. Retrieved 2010.
  29. ^ "PES looks to the PASD". VoxEurop.eu. Retrieved 2019.
  30. ^ "News - Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists & Democrats in the European Parliament". Socialistgroup.eu:80. 22 January 2009. Retrieved 2010.
  31. ^ "Euro MPs build new alliances". BBC News. 2 July 2009. Retrieved 2010.
  32. ^ "European Parliament groups elect their leaders". Euractiv.com. Retrieved 2019.
  33. ^ "Socialists bid to grab key Commission portfolios | EU - European Information on EU Treaty & Institutions". EurActiv.com. Retrieved 2010.
  34. ^ "S&D Group joins new Progressive Alliance - 'the network of progressive forces for the 21st century'". 22 May 2013. Retrieved 2019.
  35. ^ "Progressive Alliance Board" (PDF).
  36. ^ Progressive Politics For A Fairer World. Socialist International. Retrieved on 24 August 2013.
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Presentation". Socialist Group website. Archived from the original on 1 November 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  38. ^ "History". Socialist Group website. Archived from the original on 1 November 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  39. ^ "Archiv der sozialen Demokratie". www.fes.de.
  40. ^ "News - Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists & Democrats in the European Parliament". Socialistgroup.eu:80. 15 December 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  41. ^ "News - Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists & Democrats in the European Parliament". Socialistgroup.eu:80. 25 June 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  42. ^ "News - Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists & Democrats in the European Parliament". Socialistgroup.eu:80. 24 June 2009. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  43. ^ "PES Members". PES website. Archived from the original on 20 October 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  44. ^ On 14 October 2007 the Democrats of the Left merged with Democracy is Freedom - The Daisy to form the Democratic Party. A minority of Democrats of the Left MEPs did not join the Democratic Party and sat in the PES group affiliated with Democratic Left.
  45. ^ The party became the Italian Socialist Party in October 2007. The Italian Socialist Party had 4 MEPs for the remainder of the 2004-2009, the additional two from Socialists United for Europe, formerly Non-Inscrits.

External links


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Progressive_Alliance_of_Socialists_and_Democrats
 



 



 
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