Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
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Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies

Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies (Maria Antonietta Giuseppa Anna; 19 December 1814 - 7 November 1898) was the Grand Duchess of Tuscany from 1833 to 1859 as the consort of Leopold II. In signature, she used Maria Antonietta.[]

Biography

Maria Antonia was born at the Royal Palace of Palermo on 19 December 1814, daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Isabella of Spain, she was baptised Maria Antonia in honor of Maria Antonia-Anna's great-aunt Marie Antoinette, deceased sister of her grandmother Maria Carolina of Austria.

When she was born, the Neapolitan court had already moved to Sicily because Napoleonic troops had invaded the continental part of the realm. After a few months the royal family returned to Naples thanks to the Congress of Vienna.

She was particularly close to her brother the future Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies, who affectionately dubbed her Totò.[]

Marriage and issue

In 1833, when she was eighteen, Maria Antonia married her first cousin Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, who was seventeen years older. Marie Antoinette and Leopold had ten children:

Tributes

The Piazza Maria Antonia - today Piazza dell'Indipendeza, the railway line Maria Antonia and the Maria Antonia train station, now called Firenze Santa Maria Novella, were named in her honour.

Revolution

In April 1859, before the Franco-Piedmont war against Austria, Leopold II proclaimed neutrality, but the Grand Ducal government was collapsing. People used insults towards the Grand Duchess and the troops gave signs of insubordination.[] On the afternoon of 27 April, Leopold II left the Palazzo Pitti through the Boboli door, stepping before an enraged mob on the streets and troops in open rebellion, heading toward Bologna. Shortly beforehand he had refused to abdicate in favour of his son, Ferdinand.[]

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 19 December 1814 - 12 December 1816: Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily
  • 12 December 1816 - 7 June 1833: Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Antonia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
  • 7 June 1833 - 21 July 1859: Her Imperial and Royal Highness the Most Serene Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Archduchess of Austria, etc.
  • 21 July 1859 - 7 November 1898: Her Imperial and Royal Highness the Most Serene Dowager Grand Duchess of Tuscany

Honours

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Kaiserthumes Österreich (1868), p. 110, Sternkreuz-Orden
  2. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Francis I. of the Two Sicilies" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  3. ^ a b Navarrete Martínez, Esperanza Navarrete Martínez. "María de la O Isabel de Borbón". Diccionario biográfico España (in Spanish). Real Academia de la Historia.
  4. ^ a b c d Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 9.
  5. ^ a b Genealogie ascendate, p. 1
  6. ^ a b Genealogie ascendate, p. 96

External links

Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 19 December 1814 Died: 3 January 1865
Italian royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Maria Anna of Saxony
Grand Duchess consort of Tuscany
7 June 1833 - 21 July 1859
Monarchy abolished
Titles in pretence
Loss of title
Republic declared
-- TITULAR --
Grand Duchess consort of Tuscany
21 July 1859 - 3 January 1865
Vacant
Title next held by
Alice of Parma

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