Prince Qing
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Prince Qing
Prince Qing of the First Rank
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Yikuang (1838-1917), the fourth Prince Qing
Zaizhen (1876-1947), the fifth Prince Qing

Prince Qing of the First Rank (Manchu:

; ho?oi feng?en cin wang), or simply Prince Qing, was the title of a princely peerage used in China during the Manchu-led Qing dynasty (1644-1912). It was also one of the 12 "iron-cap" princely peerages in the Qing dynasty, which meant that the title could be passed down without being downgraded.

The first bearer of the title was Yonglin (1766-1820), the 17th son of the Qianlong Emperor. He was awarded the title by his 15th brother, the Jiaqing Emperor, who succeeded their father. Between 1820 and 1908, the Prince Qing title was capped at a junwang (prince of the second rank) status, which meant that the next bearer of the title would inherit, at most, the title "Prince Qing of the Second Rank". However, from 1908 onwards, the title was accorded a qinwang (prince of the first rank) status. The title was passed down over four generations and held by five princes - three qinwangs and two junwangs.

Members of the Prince Qing peerage

  • Yonglin (1766-1820), the Qianlong Emperor's 17th son, initially a beile from 1789 to 1799, promoted to Prince Qing of the Second Rank in 1799 and then to Prince Qing of the First Rank in 1820, posthumously honoured as Prince Qingxi of the First Rank (?)
    • Mianmin (; 1797-1836), Yonglin's third son, held a feng'en fuguo gong title from 1802 to 1819 and a beizi title from 1819 to 1820, held the title Prince Qing of the Second Rank from 1820 to 1836, posthumously honoured as Prince Qingliang of the Second Rank (?)
      • Yicai (; 1820-1866), Mianzhi's son and Mianmin's adoptive son, held the title Prince Qing of the Second Rank from 1837 to 1842, stripped of his title in 1842
    • Mianxing (; 1814-1879), Yonglin's sixth son, held the title of a second class zhenguo jiangjun from 1833 to 1837 and the title of a buru bafen fuguo gong from 1837 to 1842, stripped of his title in 1842
    • Mianti (; 1811-1849), Yonglin's fifth son, held a buru bafen fuguo gong title from 1831 to 1837, held a buru bafen zhenguo gong title from 1837 to 1842, demoted to a third class zhenguo jiangjun in 1842, posthumously awarded a beizi title in 1852

Family tree

Qianlong Emperor


Prince Yishen

Prince Qingxi

Prince Yishun (of the Second Rank)

Prince Qingliang (of the Second Rank)


(posthumously awarded)

Buru Bafen Fuguo Gong
(stripped of his title)

Prince Qing (of the Second Rank)

(stripped of his title)

Prince Qingmi

Prince Qingzhen

See also


  • Zhao, Erxun (1928). Draft History of Qing (Qing Shi Gao). Volume 221. China.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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