Prince Moriyoshi
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Prince Moriyoshi
Prince Moriyoshi
Kamakura-gu Treasure.jpg
Prince Moriyoshi's statue at Kamakura-g? in Kamakura
Sh?gun
Reign1333
PredecessorPrince Morikuni
SuccessorPrince Narinaga
Born1308
Died12 August 1335(1335-08-12) (aged 27)
FatherEmperor Go-Daigo
MotherMinamoto no Chikako

Prince Moriyoshi (?, Moriyoshi Shinn?, also called Prince Morinaga or Prince O?t?nomiya) (1308 - August 12, 1335) was a Japanese prince and monk.[1]

He was the son of Emperor Go-Daigo and his consort Minamoto no Chikako.

Moriyoshi was named by his father as the head abbot of the Enryaku-ji temple on Mount Hiei.[2]

Go-Daigo attempted to seize power in 1331 during the Genk? War. Prince Moriyoshi joined forces with Kusunoki Masashige. Moriyoshi tenaciously defended Mount Yoshino. Masashige's heroics defending Chihaya, together with Moriyoshi's efforts to rally troops, brought a large number of warriors to the loyalist cause. By 1333, the rival warlords Ashikaga Takauji and Nitta Yoshisada had both joined the cause; Yoshisada would lay siege to Kamakura in the same year. When the city finally fell, Regent H?j? Takatoki fled to T?sh? temple, where he and his entire family committed suicide. This marked the end of H?j? power.[1]:173-174, 180-181

Restored to the throne, Go-Daigo started the Kenmu Restoration. After refusing to appoint Ashikaga Takauji to the post of sei-i taish?gun, Daigo gave it to Prince Morinaga instead.[3] Go-Daigo made the double mistake of giving the title to his sons Moriyoshi and Norinaga, two civilians, thus alienating Takauji and the warrior class, who felt he, as a military man and a descendant of the Minamoto clan, should have been sh?gun instead.

Takauji seized Moriyoshi in Yoshino "on imperial warrant", after rumors attributed to Go-Daigo's consort Renshi, that he was preparing an attack. Moriyoshi was then sent to Takauji's brother Tadayoshi in Kamakura. Tadayoshi had Moriyoshi beheaded in late August 1335.[2]:34

Morinaga 's wife Princess Hinaturu and his vassal Take back Morinaga's head Run away to Yamanashi Morinaga's head was buried at the base of the katsura tree at Fujisan-Simomiya-Omuro-Sengen-Shrine.

A Shinto shrine, Kamakura-g?, was built around the cave where Prince Moriyoshi was imprisoned. It was dedicated to him by Emperor Meiji in 1869.

Family

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Sato, Hiroaki (1995). Legends of the Samurai. Overlook Duckworth. p. 173. ISBN 9781590207307.
  2. ^ a b Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan, 1334-1615. Stanford University Press. pp. 8, 10. ISBN 0804705259.
  3. ^ Morris, Ivan (1975). The Nobility of Failure. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. p. 126. ISBN 9780030108112.

Further reading


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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