Prince Fushimi Kuniie (?, Fushimi-no-miya Kuniie-shinn?, 24 October 1802 - 5 August 1872) was Japanese royalty. He was the 20th/23rd prince Fushimi-no-miya and the eldest son of Prince Fushimi Sadayuki (1776-1841) and his concubine Seiko,[note 1] which made him an 11th cousin of Emperor Sakuramachi. Despite being merely a distant cousin to the emperors, he was adopted by Emperor K?kaku as a Y?shi in 1817, which was able to make him a Shinn? just like an emperor's son.
Prince Kuniie succeeded Fushimi-no-miya after his death of his father in 1841. But soon, in 1842, his eldest (natural) son, Zaihan (later Prince Yamashina Akira) ran away with his aunt Princess Takako, by the time Zaihan was a monk in Kaj?-ji. Because of this scandal, the prince soon had to abdicate in favor of the only son of his wife, Prince Sadanori; Sadanori was alternatively the sixth out 17 sons of his father. Prince Kuniie took the name Zengaku () as a monk afterwards. In 1864, Kuniie succeed as Prince Fushimi-no-miya again; after Emperor Meiji moved the capital of Japan to Tokyo, Prince Kuniie left Kyoto and moved to Tokyo with his family as well in 1872. He abdicated again to his second son (or 14th), Prince Sadanaru, lived in seclusion, and died at the same year.
He was the father of 17 princes and 14 princesses (9 of which were born before his marriage to Karatsukasa Hiroko in 1836), including Prince Kuni Asahiko, Prince Yamashina Akira, Prince Higashifushimi Yorihito, Prince Kitashirakawa Yoshihisa, Prince Fushimi Sadanaru, Prince Kan'in Kotohito, the grandfather of Japan's first Post World War II Prime Minister Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni, the great-grandfather of Empress K?jun, and the great-great grandfather of Emperor Akihito. He was the common ancestor of ?ke.
Marriage and Children
In January 9, 1836, Prince Kuniie married Karatsukasa Hiroko (1814-1892), daughter of Takatsukasa Masahiro (also, a second cousin of Emperor Nink? paternally). They had 7 children, with 2 sons and 1 daughter lived to adulthood:
- Prince Sadanori (? Fushimi-no-miya Sadanori shinn?), 26 October 1836 - 16 December 1862)
- Princess Fumiko (?), (1839 - 1853)
- A son ( Kikumura-no-miya), (1842 - 1851)
- Princess Noriko (?), (16 May 1850 - 14 November 1874), wife of Marquis Tokugawa Mochitsugu.
- A daughter ( Kayo-no-miya), (1852 - 1853)
- A daughter ( Tashi-no-miya), (1856 - 1858)
- Prince Fushimi Sadanaru (? Fushimi-no-miya Sadanaru shinn?), (9 June 1858 - 4 February 1923)
In addition, Kuniie had additional 24 children by nine of his concubines, with 10 sons and 7 daughters lived to adulthood:
- Prince Yamashina Akira ( Yamashina-no-miya Akira shinn?), (22 October 1816 - 29 October 1891), by Fujiki Toshiko.
- Prince Yoshikoto ( Sh?goin-no-miya Yoshikoto shinn?), (28 February 1821 - 26 September 1868), by Fujiki Toshiko.
- Prince Jonin ( Manshuin-no-miya Jonin shinn?), (1824 - 1842), by Fujiki Toshiko.
- Prince Kuni Asahiko (? Kuni-no-miya Asahiko shinn?), (27 February 1824 - 25 October 1891), by Torikoji Nobuko.
- Princess Hisako (?), (26 February 1826 - 1916), by Ueno Juno. Wife of Nij? Nariyuki.
- Princess Yoriko (?), (1827 - 1908), by Nakamura Soma.
- Koga Sei'en (?), (1828 - 1910), by Nakamura Soma. Born Maki-no-miya (). She became a Buddhist nun of Zenk?-ji in 1835; she titularly became an adopted daughter of Koga Michiaki (1780-1855) in 1875.
- Princess Tomoko (?), (19 January 1830 - 4 June 1884), by Furuyama Chie.
- A stillborn son ( Bimy?-in), (1832 - 1832)
- A stillborn daughter ( Bodai-in), (1840 -1840), by Horiuchi Nobuko.
- Prince Komatsu Akihito (? Komatsu-no-miya Akihito shinn?), (11 February 1846 - 18 February 1903), by Horiuchi Nobuko.
- Prince Kitashirakawa Yoshihisa ( Kitashirakawa-no-miya Yoshihisa-shinn?), (1 April 1847 - 5 November 1895), by Horiuchi Nobuko.
- A son ( Aki-no-miya), (1848 - 1853), by Horiuchi Nobuko.
- A son ( Naru-no-miya), (1849 - 1851), by Horiuchi Nobuko.
- Prince Kach? Hirotsune (? Kach?-no-miya Hirotsune shinn?), (19 April 1851 - 24 May 1876), by Horiuchi Nobuko
- Prince Kitashirakawa Satonari ( Kitashirakawa-no-miya Satonari shinn?), (22 July 1850 - 10 February 1872), by Itami Yoshiko.
- Murakumo Nichi'ei (?), (3 April 1855 - 1920), by Itami Yoshiko. Born Masa-no-miya () and later became a Buddhist nun.
- Princess Takako (?), (4 January 1858 - 1919),by Itami Yoshiko. Wife of Matsudaira Tadataka.
- A stillborn daughter ( Kanraku-in), (1859 - 1859), by Itami Yoshiko.
- A daughter ( Tame-no-miya), (1860 -1864), by Itami Yoshiko.
- Kiyosu Ienori (), (19 June 1862 - 13 July 1923), (adopted by Takatsukasa Masamichi, and reduced from Imperial status to nobility), by Itami Yoshiko.
- Prince Kan'in Kotohito (? Kan'in-no-miya Kotohito shinn?), (10 November 1865 - 21 May 1945), by Itami Yoshiko.
- Prince Higashifushimi Yorihito ( Higashifushimi-no-miya Yorihito shinn?), (19 September 1867 - 27 June 1922), by Itami Yoshiko.
- A daughter ( Masa-no-miya), (1869 -1872), by Itami Yoshiko.
Among 12 surviving sons of Prince Kuniie, 2 of them succeeded Fushimi-no-miya, other 9 were granted with Shinn?ke and the other one became a count.