President of Iraq
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President of Iraq
President of the Republic of Iraq
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Coat of arms of Iraq (2008).svg
Secretary Pompeo Meets with Iraqi President Barham Salih (33922026888) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Barham Salih

since 2 October 2018
StyleHis Excellency
ResidenceRadwaniyah Palace Baghdad, Iraq
AppointerParliamentary vote
Term lengthFour years, renewable once
Inaugural holderMuhammad Najib ar-Ruba'i
FormationJuly 14, 1958
DeputyVice President of Iraq

The President of Iraq is the head of state of Iraq and "safeguards the commitment to the Constitution and the preservation of Iraq's independence, sovereignty, unity, the security of its territories in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution".[1] The President is elected by the Council of Representatives by a two-thirds majority,[2] and is limited to two four-year terms.[3] The President is responsible for ratifying treaties and laws passed by the Council of Representatives, issues pardons on the recommendation of the Prime Minister, and performs the "duty of the Higher Command of the armed forces for ceremonial and honorary purposes".[4] Since the mid-2000s, the Presidency is primarily a symbolic office, and by convention since 2005, usually held by a Kurdish Iraqi.[5]

The sixth and seventh President of Iraq was held by Jay Garner and Paul Bremer, both Americans, who were appointed by Coalition Provisional Authority after the 2003 invasion of Iraq that have overthrown the fifth President, Saddam Hussein.

Presidency Council

The Presidency Council was an entity that operated under the auspices of the "transitional provisions" of the Constitution. According to the Constitution, the Presidency Council functioned in the role of the President until one successive term after the Constitution was ratified[6] and a government was seated.[7] The Presidency Council had the additional power to send legislation back to the Council of Representatives for revision.

See also

References

  1. ^ Constitution of Iraq, Article 64
  2. ^ Constitution of Iraq, Article 67
  3. ^ Constitution of Iraq, Article 69
  4. ^ Constitution of Iraq, Article 70
  5. ^ "Iraq's Surprise: The Persistence of Democracy - WSJ". Web.archive.org. 2017-11-17. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Constitution of Iraq, Section 6, Chapter 2, Article 138
  7. ^ Constitution of Iraq, Section 6, Chapter 2, Article 139

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