Prefecture-level City
Get Prefecture-level City essential facts below. View Videos or join the Prefecture-level City discussion. Add Prefecture-level City to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Prefecture-level City
Prefecture-level municipality
Prefecture-level city
Prefectural-level city
China Prefectural-level cities.png
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese
Literal meaningRegional-level municipality
A road sign shows distance to the "Huangshi urban area" (?) rather than simply "Huangshi" (). This is a useful distinction, because the sign is located already within Huangshi prefectural level city (immediately upon entering its Yangxin County from the neighboring Xianning), but still 100 kilometres (62 mi) from the Huangshi main urban area.

A prefectural-level municipality (Chinese: ), prefectural-level city or prefectural city; formerly known as province-administrated city (Chinese: ) from 1949 to 1983, is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China (PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure. Prefectural level cities form the second level of the administrative structure (alongside prefectures, leagues and autonomous prefectures). Administrative chiefs (mayors) of prefectural level cities generally have the same rank as a division chief (Chinese: ) of a national ministry. Since the 1980s, most former prefectures have been renamed into prefectural level cities.

A prefectural level city is a "city" (Chinese: ?; pinyin: shì) and "prefecture" (Chinese: ; pinyin: dìq?) that have been merged into one consolidated and unified jurisdiction. As such it is simultaneously a city, which is a municipal entry with subordinate districts, and a prefecture with subordinate county-level cities and counties which is an administrative division of a province.

A prefectural level city is often not a "city" in the usual sense of the term (i.e., a large continuous urban settlement), but instead an administrative unit comprising, typically, a main central urban area (a city in the usual sense, usually with the same name as the prefectural level city), and its much larger surrounding rural area containing many smaller cities, towns and villages. The larger prefectural level cities span over 100 kilometres (62 mi).

Prefectural level cities nearly always contain multiple counties, county level cities, and other such sub-divisions. This results from the fact that the formerly predominant prefectures, which prefectural level cities have mostly replaced, were themselves large administrative units containing cities, smaller towns, and rural areas. To distinguish a prefectural level city from its actual urban area (city in the strict sense), the term shìq? ("urban area"), is used.

The first prefectural level cities were created on 5 November 1983. Over the following two decades, prefectural level cities have come to replace the vast majority of Chinese prefectures; the process is still ongoing.

Most provinces are composed entirely or nearly entirely of prefectural level cities. Of the 22 provinces and 5 autonomous regions of the PRC, only 9 provinces (Yunnan, Guizhou, Qinghai, Heilongjiang, Sichuan, Gansu, Jilin, Hubei, Hunan) and 3 autonomous regions (Xinjiang, Tibet, Inner Mongolia) have at least one or more second level or prefectural level divisions that are not prefectural level cities.

Criteria that a prefecture must meet to become a prefectural level city:

  • An urban centre with a non-rural population over 250,000
  • gross output of value of industry of 200,000,000 RMB (US$32 million)
  • the output of tertiary industry supersedes that of primary industry, contributing over 35% of the GDP[1]

15 large prefectural level cities have been granted the status of sub-provincial city, which gives them much greater autonomy.

Shijiazhuang and Zhengzhou are the largest prefectural level cities with populations approaching or exceeding some sub-provincial cities.

A sub-prefecture-level city is a county-level city with powers approaching those of prefectural level cities.

Classification

There are total of three classification of prefecture-level city:

Cartographic expression and statistics

In Europe and North America, cities are generally represented as points, while counties are represented as areas. Thus, Bloomington, Indiana is indicated on the map by a point, which is distinct from, and enclosed by, the area of Monroe County, Indiana. In China, however, large cities such as City of Xianning may, in reality, contain both urban and rural elements. Moreover, they may enclose counties or other cities. On a less detailed map, City of Xianning would be indicated by a point, more or less corresponding to the coordinates of its city government. Other populous areas may also be exhibited as points, such as County of Tongshan, with no indication that County of Tongshan is, in fact, enclosed by City of Xianning. On a more detailed map, City of Xianning would be drawn as an area, similar to a county of the United States, and County of Tongshan would be drawn as a smaller area within City of Xianning.

This convention may lead to difficulty in the identification of places mentioned in older sources. For example, Guo Moruo writes that he was born in Town of Shawan, within Prefecture of Leshan, and attended primary school in Town of Jiading. A modern map is unlikely to show either town: Shawan, because it is too small, and Jiading, because it is the seat of City of Leshan, and is therefore indicated on the map by a point labelled "Leshan." A more detailed map would show Shawan as a district within City of Leshan, but Jiading would still be missing.

Statistics of China such as population and industrial activity are generally reported along prefectural city lines. Thus, the relatively unknown City of Huangshi has 2.5 million residents, more than most European capitals, but upon closer inspection, the city covers an area almost 100 kilometers across. Furthermore, Huangshi contains several other cities, such as City of Daye. If a person wished to calculate the population of the urban area of Huangshi, and had a map of Huangshi, and a table of its population by district, the task might not be easy. The urban area might be split between several districts, and some of those districts may include rural elements as well.

Prefecture-level city list

As of January 2019, there are 293 prefecture-level cities total:

City Chinese Province Area
(km²)
Founded
(PRC)
Former divisions
Anqing Anhui 13,528 1979-11-04 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Bengbu Anhui 5,912 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Bozhou Anhui 8,429 2000-05-21 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Chizhou Anhui 8,272 2000-06-25 Reorganized from Chizhou Prefecture (?)
Chuzhou Anhui 13,398 1992-12-20 Reorganized from Chuxian Prefecture (?)
Fuyang Anhui 9,775 1996-01-01 Reorganized from Fuyang Prefecture (?)
Hefei Anhui 11,496 1949-10-01 Carved out of Hefei County ()
Huaibei Anhui 2,732 1960-04-16 Upgraded from Huaibei Mining District (?)
Huainan Anhui 5,650 1951-01-18 Upgraded from Huainan Mining District (?)
Huangshan Anhui 9,807 1987-11-27 Reorganized from Huizhou Prefecture (?)
Lu'an Anhui 15,452 1999-09-02 Reorganized from Lu'an Prefecture (?)
Ma'anshan ? Anhui 4,042 1956-10-12 Upgraded from Ma'anshan Mining District ()
Suzhou Anhui 9,787 1998-12-06 Reorganized from Suxian Prefecture (?)
Tongling Anhui 3,008 1971-12-11 Reorganized from Tongling Prefecture (?)
Wuhu Anhui 5,987 1972-12-30 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Xuancheng Anhui 12,340 2000-06-25 Reorganized from Xuancheng Prefecture (?)
Fuzhou Fujian 11,788 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Longyan Fujian 19,052 1996-11-20 Reorganized from Longyan Prefecture (?)
Nanping Fujian 26,312 1994-09-05 Reorganized from Nanping Prefecture (?)
Ningde Fujian 13,644 1999-11-14 Reorganized from Ningde Prefecture (?)
Putian Fujian 3,895 1983-09-09 Carved out of Putian County ()
Quanzhou Fujian 10,864 1985-05-14 Reorganized from Jinjiang Prefecture (?)
Sanming Fujian 23,191 1983-04-28 Reorganized from Sanming Prefecture (?)
Xiamen Fujian 1,516 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Zhangzhou Fujian 12,608 1985-05-14 Reorganized from Longxi Prefecture (?)
Baiyin Gansu 21,210 1985-05-14 Upgraded from Baiyin District, Lanzhou ()
Dingxi Gansu 20,330 2003-04-04 Reorganized from Dingxi Prefecture (?)
Jiayuguan ? Gansu 2,935 1971-09-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Jinchang Gansu 8,927 1981-02-09 Carved out of Yongchang County ()
Jiuquan Gansu 189,997 2002-06-18 Reorganized from Jiuquan Prefecture (?)
Lanzhou Gansu 13,083 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Longnan Gansu 27,838 2004-01-11 Reorganized from Longnan Prefecture (?)
Pingliang Gansu 11,169 2002-06-02 Reorganized from Pingliang Prefecture (?)
Qingyang Gansu 27,119 2002-06-22 Reorganized from Qingyang Prefecture (?)
Tianshui Gansu 14,431 1985-07-08 Reorganized from Tianshui Prefecture (?)
Wuwei Gansu 33,238 2001-05-09 Reorganized from Wuwei Prefecture (?)
Zhangye Gansu 40,826 2002-03-01 Reorganized from Zhangye Prefecture (?)
Chaozhou Guangdong 3,098 1991-12-07 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Dongguan Guangdong 2,512 1988-01-07 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Foshan Guangdong 3,875 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Guangzhou Guangdong 7,436 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality ()
Heyuan Guangdong 15,644 1988-01-07 Upgraded from Heyuan County ()
Huizhou Guangdong 11,159 1988-01-07 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Jiangmen Guangdong 9,554 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Jieyang Guangdong 5,269 1991-12-07 Upgraded from Jieyang County ()
Maoming Guangdong 11,345 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Meizhou Guangdong 15,925 1988-01-07 Reorganized from Meixian Prefecture (?)
Qingyuan Guangdong 19,265 1988-01-07 Upgraded from Qingyuan County ()
Shantou Guangdong 2,123 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Shanwei Guangdong 4,957 1988-01-07 Carved out of Haifeng County ()
Shaoguan Guangdong 18,398 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Shenzhen Guangdong 2,019.95 1979-03-05 Upgraded from Bao'an County ()
Yangjiang Guangdong 8,006 1988-01-07 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Yunfu Guangdong 7,778 1994-04-05 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Zhanjiang Guangdong 11,692 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Zhaoqing Guangdong 15,006 1988-01-07 Reorganized from Zhaoqing Prefecture (?)
Zhongshan Guangdong 1,770 1988-01-07 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Zhuhai Guangdong 1,696 1979-03-05 Upgraded from Zhuhai County ()
Baise Guangxi 36,206 2002-06-02 Reorganized from Baise Prefecture (?)
Beihai Guangxi 3,337 1983-10-08 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Chongzuo Guangxi 17,331 2002-12-23 Reorganized from Nanning Prefecture (?)
Fangchenggang ? Guangxi 6,227 1993-05-23 Upgraded from Fangcheng County (?)
Guigang Guangxi 10,596 1995-10-27 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Guilin Guangxi 27,809 1961-11-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Hechi Guangxi 33,494 2002-06-18 Reorganized from Hechi Prefecture (?)
Hezhou Guangxi 11,855 2002-06-18 Reorganized from Hezhou Prefecture (?)
Laibin Guangxi 13,386 2002-09-29 Reorganized from Liuzhou Prefecture (?)
Liuzhou Guangxi 18,652 1961-11-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Nanning Guangxi 22,341 1961-12-23 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Qinzhou Guangxi 10,783 1994-06-28 Reorganized from Qinzhou Prefecture (?)
Wuzhou Guangxi 12,582 1961-11-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Yulin Guangxi 12,839 1997-04-22 Reorganized from Yulin Prefecture (?)
Anshun Guizhou 9,269 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Anshun Prefecture (?)
Bijie Guizhou 26,852 2011-10-22 Reorganized from Bijie Prefecture (?)
Guiyang Guizhou 8,035 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Liupanshui ? Guizhou 9,914 1978-12-18 Reorganized from Liupanshui Prefecture ()
Tongren Guizhou 18,002 2011-10-22 Reorganized from Tongren Prefecture (?)
Zunyi Guizhou 30,750.41 1997-06-10 Reorganized from Zunyi Prefecture (?)
Danzhou Hainan 3,400 2015-02-19 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Haikou Hainan 2,315 1986-05-31 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Sansha Hainan 13 2012-06-21 Upgraded from XNZ Islands Authority ()
Sanya Hainan 1,918 1987-11-20 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Baoding Hebei 22,135 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Cangzhou Hebei 13,488 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Chengde Hebei 39,719 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Handan Hebei 12,066.18 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Hengshui Hebei 8,758 1996-05-31 Reorganized from Hengshui Prefecture (?)
Langfang Hebei 6,420 1988-09-13 Reorganized from Langfang Prefecture (?)
Qinhuangdao ? Hebei 7,813 1983-03-03 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Shijiazhuang ? Hebei 14,530 1978-03-11 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Tangshan Hebei 13,829 1978-03-11 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Xingtai Hebei 12,143 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Zhangjiakou ? Hebei 36,303 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Daqing Heilongjiang 21,643 1965-12-28 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Harbin ? Heilongjiang 53,186 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality ()
Hegang Heilongjiang 14,665 1966-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Heihe Heilongjiang 68,285 1993-02-08 Reorganized from Heihe Prefecture (?)
Jiamusi ? Heilongjiang 32,470 1983-10-08 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Jixi Heilongjiang 22,551 1966-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Mudanjiang ? Heilongjiang 38,827 1983-10-08 Reorganized from Mudanjiang Prefecture ()
Qiqihar Heilongjiang 44,287 1964-01-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Qitaihe ? Heilongjiang 6,221 1983-10-08 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Shuangyashan ? Heilongjiang 22,802 1966-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Suihua Heilongjiang 35,211 1999-12-28 Reorganized from Suihua Prefecture (?)
Yichun Heilongjiang 32,800 1979-12-14 Reorganized from Yichun Prefecture (?)
Anyang Henan 7,355 1982-03-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Hebi Henan 2,299 1974-01-19 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Jiaozuo Henan 4,072 1974-01-19 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Kaifeng Henan 6,247 1961-12-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Luohe Henan 2,617 1986-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Luoyang Henan 15,492 1964-04-30 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Nanyang Henan 26,591 1994-07-01 Reorganized from Nanyang Prefecture (?)
Pingdingshan ? Henan 7,874 1969-03-15 Reorganized from Pingdingshan Prefecture ()
Puyang Henan 4,266 1983-09-01 Upgraded from Puyang County ()
Sanmenxia ? Henan 10,475 1986-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Shangqiu Henan 10,658 1997-06-10 Reorganized from Shangqiu Prefecture (?)
Xinxiang Henan 8,629 1982-03-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Xinyang Henan 18,819 1998-06-09 Reorganized from Xinyang Prefecture (?)
Xuchang Henan 4,977 1986-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Zhengzhou Henan 7,507 1949-10-01 Upgraded from Zheng County ()
Zhoukou Henan 11,968 2000-06-08 Reorganized from Zhoukou Prefecture (?)
Zhumadian ? Henan 14,974 2000-06-08 Reorganized from Zhumadian Prefecture ()
Ezhou Hubei 1,505 1983-08-19 Upgraded from Echeng () & Echeng County ()
Huanggang Hubei 17,453 1995-12-23 Upgraded from Huanggang Prefecture (?)
Huangshi Hubei 4,576 1950-08-30 Reorganized from Huangshi Special District (?)
Jingmen Hubei 12,100 1983-08-19 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Jingzhou Hubei 14,104 1994-09-29 Reorganized from Jingzhou Prefecture (?) & Shashi ()
Shiyan Hubei 23,698 1973-02-17 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Suizhou Hubei 9,636 2000-06-25 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Wuhan Hubei 8,483 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality ()
Xiangyang Hubei 19,626 1979-06-21 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Xianning Hubei 10,019 1998-12-06 Reorganized from Xianning Prefecture (?)
Xiaogan Hubei 8,941 1993-04-10 Reorganized from Xiaogan Prefecture (?)
Yichang Hubei 21,081 1979-06-21 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Changde Hunan 18,190 1988-01-23 Reorganized from Changde Prefecture (?)
Changsha Hunan 11,816 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Chenzhou Hunan 19,342 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Chenzhou Prefecture (?)
Hengyang Hunan 15,300 1980-02-20 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Huaihua Hunan 27,573 1997-11-29 Reorganized from Huaihua Prefecture (?)
Loudi Hunan 8,110 1999-01-20 Reorganized from Loudi Prefecture (?)
Shaoyang Hunan 20,822 1980-02-20 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Xiangtan Hunan 5,005 1980-02-20 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Yiyang Hunan 12,320 1994-03-07 Reorganized from Yiyang Prefecture (?)
Yongzhou Hunan 22,259 1995-11-21 Reorganized from Lingling Prefecture (?)
Yueyang Hunan 14,858 1983-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Zhangjiajie ? Hunan 9,534 1988-05-18 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Zhuzhou Hunan 11,248 1956-11-30 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Baotou Inner Mongolia 27,652 1950-02-13 Inherited from Nationalist government
Bayannur Inner Mongolia 66,263 2003-12-01 Reorganized from Bayannur League ()
Chifeng Inner Mongolia 90,064 1983-10-10 Reorganized from Ju'ud League (?)
Hohhot Inner Mongolia 17,344 1950-01-18 Inherited from Nationalist government
Hulunbuir Inner Mongolia 262,062 2001-10-10 Reorganized from Hulunbuir League ()
Ordos Inner Mongolia 86,873.55 2001-02-26 Reorganized from Ihju League (?)
Tongliao Inner Mongolia 59,364 1999-01-13 Reorganized from Jirem League (?)
Ulanqab Inner Mongolia 54,795 2003-12-01 Reorganized from Ulanqab League ()
Wuhai Inner Mongolia 1,754 1975-08-30 Merger of Wuda () & Haibowan (?) cities
Changzhou Jiangsu 4,374 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Huai'an Jiangsu 10,047 1983-01-18 Reorganized from Huaiyin Prefecture (?)
Lianyungang ? Jiangsu 7,614 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Nanjing Jiangsu 6,586 1953-12-17 Downgraded from municipality ()
Nantong Jiangsu 8,001 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Suqian Jiangsu 8,462 1996-07-19 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Suzhou Jiangsu 8,488 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Taizhou Jiangsu 5,788 1996-07-19 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Wuxi Jiangsu 4,628 1949-10-01 Carved out of Wuxi County ()
Xuzhou Jiangsu 11,258 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Yancheng Jiangsu 16,972 1983-01-18 Reorganized from Yancheng Prefecture (?)
Yangzhou Jiangsu 6,592 1983-01-18 Reorganized from Yangzhou Prefecture (?)
Zhenjiang Jiangsu 3,847 1983-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Fuzhou Jiangxi 18,817 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Fuzhou Prefecture (?)
Ganzhou Jiangxi 39,379 1998-12-24 Reorganized from Ganzhou Prefecture (?)
Ji'an Jiangxi 25,341 2000-05-11 Reorganized from Ji'an Prefecture (?)
Jingdezhen ? Jiangxi 5,270 1953-06-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Jiujiang Jiangxi 18,823 1980-03-28 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Nanchang Jiangxi 7,402 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Pingxiang Jiangxi 3,802 1970-03-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Shangrao Jiangxi 22,791 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Shangrao Prefecture (?)
Xinyu Jiangxi 3,178 1983-07-27 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Yichun Jiangxi 18,707 2000-05-22 Reorganized from Yichun Prefecture (?)
Yingtan Jiangxi 3,554 1983-07-27 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Baicheng Jilin 25,683 1993-06-14 Reorganized from Baicheng Prefecture (?)
Baishan Jilin 17,485 1985-02-04 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Changchun Jilin 20,565 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality ()
Jilin Jilin 27,722 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Liaoyuan Jilin 5,125 1983-08-30 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Siping Jilin 14,323 1983-08-30 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Songyuan Jilin 20,159 1992-06-06 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Tonghua Jilin 15,698 1985-02-04 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Anshan Liaoning 9,252 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality ()
Benxi Liaoning 8,413 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality ()
Chaoyang Liaoning 19,736 1984-06-30 Reorganized from Chaoyang Prefecture (?)
Dalian Liaoning 13,238 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality ()
Dandong Liaoning 15,030 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Fushun Liaoning 11,344 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality ()
Fuxin Liaoning 10,445 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Huludao ? Liaoning 10,434 1989-06-12 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Jinzhou Liaoning 10,059 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Liaoyang Liaoning 4,741 1965-12-27 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Panjin Liaoning 4,121 1984-06-05 Upgraded from Panshan County ()
Shenyang Liaoning 12,980 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality ()
Tieling Liaoning 13,029 1984-06-30 Reorganized from Tieling Prefecture (?)
Yingkou Liaoning 5,262 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Guyuan Ningxia 13,450 2001-07-07 Reorganized from Guyuan Prefecture (?)
Shizuishan ? Ningxia 5,208 1975-11-23 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Wuzhong Ningxia 21,420 1998-05-11 Reorganized from Yinnan Prefecture (?)
Yinchuan Ningxia 8,874 1958-08-11 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Zhongwei Ningxia 17,448 2003-12-31 Upgraded from Zhongwei County ()
Haidong Qinghai 13,202 2013-02-08 Reorganized from Haidong Prefecture (?)
Xining Qinghai 7,679 1956-07-14 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Ankang Shaanxi 23,535 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Ankang Prefecture (?)
Baoji Shaanxi 18,162 1971-10-05 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Hanzhong Shaanxi 27,093 1996-02-21 Reorganized from Hanzhong Prefecture (?)
Shangluo Shaanxi 19,581 2001-08-31 Reorganized from Shangluo Prefecture (?)
Tongchuan Shaanxi 3,881 1966-06-24 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Weinan Shaanxi 13,033 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Weinan Prefecture (?)
Xi'an Shaanxi 10,106 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality ()
Xianyang Shaanxi 10,283 1983-09-09 Reorganized from Xianyang Prefecture (?)
Yan'an Shaanxi 37,032 1996-11-05 Reorganized from Yan'an Prefecture (?)
Yulin Shaanxi 42,923 1999-12-05 Reorganized from Yulin Prefecture (?)
Binzhou Shandong 9,156 2000-06-10 Reorganized from Binzhou Prefecture (?)
Dezhou Shandong 10,361 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Dezhou Prefecture (?)
Dongying Shandong 8,617 1982-11-10 Carved out of Huimin Prefecture (?)
Heze Shandong 12,256 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Heze Prefecture (?)
Jinan Shandong 10,423 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Jining Shandong 11,191 1983-08-30 Reorganized from Jining Prefecture (?)
Liaocheng Shandong 8,721 1997-08-29 Reorganized from Liaocheng Prefecture (?)
Linyi Shandong 17,192 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Linyi Prefecture (?)
Qingdao Shandong 11,064 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Rizhao Shandong 5,359 1989-06-12 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Tai'an Shandong 7,762 1985-03-27 Reorganized from Tai'an Prefecture (?)
Weifang Shandong 16,138 1983-08-30 Reorganized from Weifang Prefecture (?)
Weihai Shandong 5,797 1987-06-15 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Yantai Shandong 13,654 1983-08-30 Reorganized from Yantai Prefecture (?)
Zaozhuang Shandong 4,564 1961-09-12 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Zibo Shandong 5,964 1961-09-12 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Changzhi Shanxi 13,945 1975-07-09 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Datong Shanxi 14,056 1972-03-09 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Jincheng Shanxi 9,425 1985-04-30 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Jinzhong Shanxi 16,391 1999-09-24 Reorganized from Jinzhong Prefecture (?)
Linfen Shanxi 20,301 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Linfen Prefecture (?)
Lüliang Shanxi 21,140 2003-10-23 Reorganized from Lüliang Prefecture (?)
Shuozhou Shanxi 10,626 1988-03-24 Upgraded from Shuo County () & Pinglu County ()
Taiyuan Shanxi 6,909 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Xinzhou Shanxi 25,154 2000-06-14 Reorganized from Xinzhou Prefecture (?)
Yangquan Shanxi 4,559 1972-03-09 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city ()
Yuncheng Shanxi 14,183 2000-06-14 Reorganized from Yuncheng Prefecture (?)
Bazhong Sichuan 12,292 2000-06-14 Reorganized from Bazhong Prefecture (?)
Chengdu Sichuan 14,312 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Dazhou Sichuan 16,605 1999-06-20 Reorganized from Dachuan Prefecture (?)
Deyang Sichuan 5,911 1983-08-18 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Guang'an Sichuan 6,344 1998-07-31 Reorganized from Guang'an Prefecture (?)
Guangyuan Sichuan 16,310 1985-02-08 Upgraded from Guangyuan County ()
Leshan Sichuan 12,759 1985-02-11 Reorganized from Leshan Prefecture (?)
Luzhou Sichuan 12,232 1983-03-03 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Meishan Sichuan 7,134 2000-06-10 Reorganized from Meishan Prefecture (?)
Mianyang Sichuan 20,257 1985-02-08 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Neijiang Sichuan 5,386 1985-02-11 Reorganized from Neijiang Prefecture (?)
Nanchong Sichuan 12,514 1993-07-02 Reorganized from Nanchong Prefecture (?)
Panzhihua ? Sichuan 7,440 1965-04-22 Upgraded from Panzhihua Special District ()
Suining Sichuan 5,326 1985-02-08 Upgraded from Suining County ()
Ya'an Sichuan 15,303 2000-06-14 Reorganized from Ya'an Prefecture (?)
Yibin Sichuan 13,271 1996-10-05 Reorganized from Yibin Prefecture (?)
Zigong Sichuan 4,382 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Ziyang Sichuan 5,757 2000-06-14 Reorganized from Ziyang Prefecture (?)
Lhasa Tibet 31,662 1960-01-07 Carved out of Changchub Jurisdiction (?)
Qamdo Tibet 110,154 2014-10-20 Reorganized from Qamdo Prefecture (?)
Nagqu Tibet 369,674 2017-07-18 Reorganized from Nagqu Prefecture (?)
Nyingchi Tibet 116,175 2015-03-16 Reorganized from Nyingchi Prefecture (?)
Shannan Tibet 79,699 2016-01-07 Reorganized from Shannan Prefecture (?)
Xigazê ? Tibet 182,000 2014-06-26 Reorganized from Xigazê Prefecture ()
Hami Xinjiang 138,919 2016-01-07 Reorganized from Hami Prefecture (?)
Karamay Xinjiang 7,734 1982-02-16 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Turpan ? Xinjiang 70,049 2015-03-16 Reorganized from Turpan Prefecture ()
Ürümqi Xinjiang 13,788 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Baoshan Yunnan 19,637 2000-12-30 Reorganized from Baoshan Prefecture (?)
Kunming Yunnan 21,473 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Lincang Yunnan 24,469 2003-12-26 Reorganized from Lincang Prefecture (?)
Lijiang Yunnan 21,219 2002-12-26 Reorganized from Lijiang Prefecture (?)
Pu'er Yunnan 45,385 2003-10-30 Reorganized from Simao Prefecture (?)
Qujing Yunnan 29,855 1997-05-06 Reorganized from Qujing Prefecture (?)
Yuxi Yunnan 15,285 1997-12-13 Reorganized from Yuxi Prefecture (?)
Zhaotong Yunnan 23,021 2001-01-13 Reorganized from Zhaotong Prefecture (?)
Hangzhou Zhejiang 16,596 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Huzhou Zhejiang 5,794 1983-07-27 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Jiaxing Zhejiang 3,915 1983-07-27 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Jinhua Zhejiang 10,919 1985-05-15 Reorganized from Jinhua Prefecture (?)
Lishui Zhejiang 17,298 2000-05-20 Reorganized from Lishui Prefecture (?)
Ningbo Zhejiang 9,365 1949-12-20 Carved out of Yin County ()
Quzhou Zhejiang 8,837 1985-05-15 Upgraded from county-level city ()
Shaoxing Zhejiang 8,256 1983-07-27 Reorganized from Shaoxing Prefecture (?)
Taizhou Zhejiang 9,413 1994-08-22 Reorganized from Taizhou Prefecture (?)
Wenzhou Zhejiang 11,784 1949-11-06 Carved out of Yongjia County ()
Zhoushan Zhejiang 1,440 1987-01-23 Reorganized from Zhoushan Prefecture (?)

Dissolved Prefecture-level cities

City Chinese Province Founded Dissolved
Chaohu Anhui 1999-07-09 2011-07-14
Tianjin Hebei 1958-02-11 1967-01-02
Shashi Hubei 1979-06-21 1994-09-29
Gongzhuling ? Jilin 1985-02-04 1985-12-19
Meihekou ? Jilin 1985-02-04 1985-12-19
Laiwu Shandong 1992-11-22 2019-01-09
Chongqing Sichuan 1954-06-19 1997-03-14
Fuling Sichuan 1995-11-05 1997-03-14
Wanxian Sichuan 1992-12-11 1997-03-14
Dongchuan Yunnan 1958-10-20 1998-12-06

See also

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Prefecture-level_city
 



 



 
Music Scenes