Potamoi
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Potamoi

The Potamoi (Greek: ?, "Rivers") are the gods of rivers and streams of the earth in Greek mythology.

Mythology

The river gods were the 3000 sons of the great earth-encircling river Oceanus and his wife Tethys and the brothers of the Oceanids.[1] They were also the fathers of the Naiads.[] The river gods were depicted in one of three forms: a man-headed bull, a bull-headed man with the body of a serpent-like fish from the waist down, or as a reclining man with an arm resting upon an amphora jug pouring water.[]

Notable river gods include:

  • Achelous, the god of the Achelous River, the largest river in Greece, who gave his daughter in marriage to Alcmaeon,[2] and was defeated by Heracles in a wrestling contest for the right to marry Deianira.[3]
  • Alpheus, who fell in love with the nymph Arethusa, pursuing her to Syracuse, where she was transformed into a spring by Artemis.[4]
  • Inachus, the first king of Argos and progenitor of Argive line through his son grandson Argus.
  • Nilus, Egyptian river god and the father of numerous daughters that mingled with the descendants of Inachus, forming a dynasty of kings in Egypt, Libya, Arabia and Ethiopia.
  • Peneus, river god of Thessaly flowing from the foot of Pindus. He was the father of Daphne and Stilbe, love interests of the god Apollo.
  • Scamander, who fought on the side of the Trojans during the Trojan War, and, offended when Achilles polluted his waters with the a large number of Trojan corpses, overflowed his banks nearly drowning Achilles.[5]

List of Potamoi

The following are the sons of Oceanus and Tethys:[6][7][8]

LIST OF RIVER GODS ACCORDING TO VARIOUS SOURCES
Name of River River god Sources Location Son of Oceanus and Tethys
Hes. Ovid Apol. Plut. Hyg. Pau. Others
Achelous or Akheloios ? ? ? ? ? Aetolia ?
Acheron ? ? ? Underworld and Thesprotia *presumably
Acis Changed into a river ? Sicily son of Pan and nymph Symaethis
Acragas ?[] Sicily
Aeas ? ? Epirus *
Aegaeus ? Apollonius Scheria (Corcyra) *
Aesar ? Strabo Tyrrhenia or Etruria *
Aesepus ? ? Troad ?
Almo ? ? Latium *
Alpheus ? ? ? ? ? ? Arcadia ?
Amnisos ? Apollonius,

Callimachus

Crete *
Amphrysos ? ? Thessaly *
Anapos ? ? Nonnus Sicily *
Anauros ?[] Thessaly
Anigros ? Strabo Elis *
Apidanus ? ? Thessaly *
Arar River named after ? Gallia Celtica (Celtic Gaul)
Araxes River named after ? Armenia son of Pylus
Ardescus ? ? Thrace ?
Arnos ? Strabo Etruria *
Ascanius ? ? Antoninus Mysia *
Asopus ? ? ? Boeotia and Argos ?; some accounts, son of Zeus and Eurynome or Poseidon and either Pero or Celusa
Asterion ? ? Argos *
Axenus or Axius ? ? Paeonia and Macedonia ?
Baphyras ?[] Pieria
Borysthenes ? Antoninus Scythia *
Brychon ? Lycophron Chersonnese *
Caanthus ? ? ?
Caicinus ? ? Bruttium *
Caicus ? ? ? Teuthrania, Mysia ?
Cayster ? ? Lydia *
Cebren ? ? ? Parthenius Troad *
Cephissus ? ? ? ? ? Phocis, Attica, Argos ?
Chremetes ? Nonnus Libya *
Cladeus or Kladeos ?[] ? Elis *
Clitumnus ?[] Umbria *
Cocytus ? Oppian Underworld and Thesprotia *
Cratais ?[] ? *
Crinisus ? Virgil, Lycophron Sicily *
Cydnos ? Nonnus Cilicia *
Cytheros ?[] ? Elis *
Elisson ?[] Statius Achaea *
Enipeus ? ? ? Thessaly *
Erasinus ? ? Argos *
Eridanus ? ? Hyperborea, Attica ?
Erymanthus ? ? Aelian Attica *
Euphrates ? ? ? Assyria ?
Eurotas ? River named after ? ? ? Laconia son of Lelex and Cleocharia or of Myles
Evenus or ? ? ? ? Aetolia ? ; some accounts, a mortal son of Ares and either Demodice or Stratonice who flung himself to the river Lycormas
Lycormas
Ganges ? ? ? India *
Granicus ? ? ? Troad ?
Haliacmon ? ? Macedonia ?
Halys ? Apollonius, Valerius Flaccus Paphlygonia and Pontos *
Hebrus ? ? Lucian Ciconia, Thrace *
Heptaporus ? ? Troad ?
Hermus ? ? Lydia *
Hydaspes ? ? Nonnus India ?; son of Thaumas and Electra
Ilissos ? Plato Attica *
Imbrasos ? Athenaeus Samos *
Inachus ? ? ? ? ? Argos ?
Indus ? ? ? India or Caria ?
Inopos ? Callimachus Delos *
Ismenus ? ? ? Boeotia ?
Istrus or Ister ? ? Scythia ?
Ladon ? ? ? ? Arcadia ?
Lamos ? Nonnus Cilicia or Boeotia ?
Marsyas River named after ? Phrygia a satyr; son of Hyagnis and either Olympus or Oeagrus
Maeander ? ? ? ? ? ? Caria ?
Meles ? Hellanicus, Eugaeon Lydia *
Mincius ? Virgil Gallia, Italy *
Nestos or Nessus ? ? Bistonia, Thrace ?
Nilus or Nile ? ? ? ? ? Egypt ?
Numicius ? ? Latium, Italy *
Nymphaeus ?[] Quintus Smyrnaeus Bithynia and Paphlagonia
Orontes ? ? Syria ?
Pactolus ? ? Nonnus Lydia *
Parthenius ? ? Paphlagonia ?
Phasis ? ? ? Colchis ?
Phlegethon or Pyriphlegethon ? Virgil, Statius Underworld son of Cocytus
Phyllis ? Apollonius Thynia, Anatolia *
Peneus ? ? ? ? Thessaly ?
Pleistos ? Apollonius Phocis *
Porpax ?[] Sicily
Rhesus ? ? Troad ?
Rhine ? Nonnus Iberia (Spain) *
Rhodius ? ? Troad ?
Rhyndacus ? Nonnus Phrygia and Bithynia *
Sangarius or Sagaris ? ? ? ? Phrygia ?
Satnioeis ?[] Homer Troad
Scamander ? ? ? ? ? Troad ?
Selemnus ?[] ? Achaea
Simoeis ? ? ? ? ? Troad ?
Spercheus ? ? Malis
Strymon ? ? ? ? ? Edonia, Thrace ?
Symaethus ? ? Sicily *
Tanais ? ? ? Scythia ?
Termessus ? ? Boeotia *
Thermodon ? ? ? Pontos and Assyria ?
Tiberinus ? Virgil Latium, Italy *
Tigris ? ? ? Assyria ?
Titaressus ?[] Homer, Strabo, Seneca Thessaly
TOTAL 25 25 17

See also

Notes

References

External links


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