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Flag of Zambia
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Zambia , officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa (although some sources consider it part of East Africa). Its neighbors are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west. The capital city is Lusaka, located in the south-central part of Zambia. The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the northwest, the core economic hubs of the country.

Originally inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region was affected by the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. Following European explorers in the eighteenth century, the British colonised the region into the British protectorates of Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century. These were merged in 1911 to form Northern Rhodesia. For most of the colonial period, Zambia was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company.

On 24 October 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom and prime minister Kenneth Kaunda became the inaugural president. Kaunda's socialist United National Independence Party (UNIP) maintained power from 1964 until 1991. Kaunda played a key role in regional diplomacy, cooperating closely with the United States in search of solutions to conflicts in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), Angola, and Namibia. From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a one-party state with the UNIP as the sole legal political party under the motto "One Zambia, One Nation". Kaunda was succeeded by Frederick Chiluba of the social-democratic Movement for Multi-Party Democracy in 1991, beginning a period of social-economic growth and government decentralisation. Levy Mwanawasa, Chiluba's chosen successor, presided over Zambia from January 2002 until his death in August 2008, and is credited with campaigns to reduce corruption and increase the standard of living. After Mwanawasa's death, Rupiah Banda presided as Acting President before being elected President in 2008. Holding office for only three years, Banda stepped down after his defeat in the 2011 elections by Patriotic Front party leader Michael Sata. Sata died on 28 October 2014, making him the second Zambian president to die in office. Guy Scott served briefly as interim president until new elections were held on 20 January 2015, in which Edgar Lungu was elected as the sixth President.

In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the world's fastest economically reformed countries. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is headquartered in Lusaka. Read more...

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The flag of Northern Rhodesia

Northern Rhodesia in south central Africa was a territory initially administered under charter by the British South Africa Company and formed by it in 1911 by amalgamating Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia. Although it had features of a charter colony the territory's treaties and charter gave it protectorate status. From 1924 it was administered by the United Kingdom government as an official British protectorate. Northern Rhodesia became independent in 1964 as Zambia.

The geographical, as opposed to political, term "Rhodesia" refers to a region generally comprising the areas that are today Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Selected biography

Kenneth David Kaunda, (born April 28, 1924) was the first President of Zambia, serving from October 24, 1964 to November 2, 1991. Kaunda was the youngest child of the Reverend David Kaunda, an ordained Church of Scotland missionary and teacher. He originally trained as a teacher but gave up teaching 1951 to become the Organising Secretary of the Northern Rhodesian African National Congress for Northern Province, and in 1953 he became the Secretary General of the party. However, after differences with the party president, Harry Nkumbula, Kaunda left to form the Zambian African National Congress (ZANC) in 1958 but was imprisoned in 1959 after the new party was banned. While Kaunda was in prison, several nationalists broke away from the ANC and formed United National Independence Party as a successor to ZANC. When Kaunda was released from prison in January 1960 he was elected President of UNIP. In July 1961 Kaunda organized a civil disobedience campaign in Northern Province, which consisted of burning schools and blocking roads. Kaunda ran as a UNIP candidate during the 1962 elections, which resulted in a UNIP–ANC Coalition Government, with Kaunda as Minister of Local Government and Social Welfare. UNIP won the 1964 general election under the new Constitution and Kaunda was appointed Prime Minister. On 24 October 1964 he became the first President of independent Zambia. (continued...)

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Gwendoline Chomba Konie (9 October 1938 - 14 March 2009) was a Zambian poet, diplomat and politician. She was the Zambian ambassador to Scandinavia, the United Nations and Germany. She formed her own party in 2000 and stood as a candidate to be the President of Zambia in 2001. When she died she was given a state funeral.

Did you know?

  • The official language of Zambia is English, but between 43 and 73 languages are spoken.
  • The Victoria Falls in the south-west corner of Zambia are 100 metres high and 1.6 kilometres wide.
  • The highest point in Zambia is found in the Mafinga Hills. The point is at a height of 2,301 metres.
  • The flag of Zambia was hoisted for the first time at midnight on 23 October 1964, symbolising patriotism and the nation's natural resources.
  • Zambia won its first ever Africa Cup of Nations in 2012 and the following year it lost to Nigeria in South Africa.
  • In 1964 Zambia became the first country ever to change its name and flag between the opening and closing ceremonies of an Olympic Games. The country entered the 1964 Summer Olympics as Northern Rhodesia, and left in the closing ceremony as Zambia on 24 October, the day independence was formally declared.


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Topics related to Zambia

Lusaka o Kitwe o Ndola o Kabwe o Chingola o Mufulira o Livingstone o Luanshya o Kasama o Chipata o Chililabombwe o Solwezi


Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia o The Africa House o British South Africa Company o Copperbelt strike (1935) o East African Campaign (World War I) o Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland o Governor-General of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland o Governor of Northern Rhodesia o History of Church activities in Zambia o Luapula Province border dispute o Lunda Empire o Mulungushi o Mwata Yamvo o North-Eastern Rhodesia o Northern Rhodesia o Northern Rhodesian African National Congress o North-Western Rhodesia o Rhodesian Man o Stairs Expedition o Zambia Independence Act


Defence Force o Diplomatic missions o Elections o Foreign relations o Ministry of Health o Lusaka Declaration o National Assembly o Presidents o Prime Ministers o Political parties


Central o Copperbelt o Eastern o Luapula o Lusaka o North-Western o Northern o Southern o Western o Muchinga Province


Barotseland o Congo Pedicle o Dambos o Districts of Zambia o Kariba Gorge o Mporokoso Group o Nyika Plateau o Southern Africa o Rift Valley lakes o Zambezi Escarpment


Bank of Zambia o Copperbelt o List of Zambian companies o Lusaka Stock Exchange o Zambian kwacha o Mount Makulu Zambia o Tazama Pipeline o Konkola Copper Mines o Zambia Consolidated Copper Mines o Zambia Post o Zambian Airways o Zamtel o Zambian pound o Rhodesia and Nyasaland pound


Bemba language o Chichewa language o Cilungu o Fanagalo o Kaonde language o Lamba language o Lozi language o Lunda language o Mambwe language o Mbunda language o Shona language o Tonga language (Zambia) o Tumbuka language o Yauma language o Luvale language


2011 All-Africa Games Zambian traditional ceremonies


Zambian Airways o Benguela railway o TAZARA Railway o Zambia Railways o Trans-Caprivi Highway o Great East Road (Zambia) o Great North Road (Zambia)

Archaeological sites, Architecture, Cities, Communications, Conservation, Culture, Economy, Education, Geography, Government, Health, History, Media, Military, Lists, Law, People, Politics, Religion, Science and technology, Society, Sports, Provinces, Tourism, Transport, Zambia stubs



Wikipedias in Zambian languages:

Things to do

  • Expand stub articles on Zambia-related topics.

In the news

  • President Lungu signs an agreement worth $800m with Chinese companies on his visit to China, at Non-Ferrous Metal Mining Corporation Headquarters in Beijing . 31 March 2015
  • MUTEMBO Nchito has asked the tribunal instituted to investigate him to... and also objects to secret tribunal.... March 18,2015
  • The current fuel shortage is caused by unknown criminals. Lungu says there are schemes by some people to disrupt the supply chain of essential commodities so that they can benefit from the ensuing crisis.... says President Edgar Lungu
  • The President has since urged all Zambians to desist from wishing evil against one another but instead strive to love and cherish one another. This was after his arrival at Kennth Kunda International Airport after beening discarged from the hospital in South Africa. March 15, 2015
  • Zambia's leading pay-to- view television channel, DStv increase subscription fees effective next month in April after some mixed feelings from the people over the increment. MultiChoice Zambia said this a normal practice and Mr Mwiika Malindima, the company's public relations manager also said in a statement that some figures circulating on social media on the new fees were mere fabrications. March 14, 2015
  • British High Commissioner David Thornton says it is looking unlikely that Zambia will have a new constitution before the 2016 general elections.[]

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