Portal:World War I
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Portal:World War I

The World War I portal

The badly shelled main road to Bapaume.jpg

World War I (abbreviated WWI), also known as the First World War, the Great War and The War to End all Wars was a global military conflict that took place mostly in Europe between 1914 and 1918. The main combatants were the Allied Powers, led by France, the Russian Empire, the British Empire, Serbia, Belgium, and later Italy, Romania and the United States, who fought against the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, the German Empire, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire (present day Turkey).

Much of the fighting in World War I took place along the Western Front, within a system of opposing manned trenches and fortifications (separated by a "no man's land") running from the North Sea to the border of Switzerland. On the Eastern Front, the vast eastern plains and limited rail network prevented a trench warfare stalemate from developing, although the scale of the conflict was just as large. Hostilities also occurred on and under the sea and — for the first time — in the air. More than nine million soldiers died on the various battlefields, and millions more civilians perished.

The war caused the disintegration of four empires: the Austro-Hungarian, German, Ottoman, and Russian. Germany lost its overseas empire, and states such as Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia were created, or recreated, as in the cases of Lithuania and Poland. This contributed to a decisive break with the world order that had emerged after the Napoleonic Wars, which was modified by the mid-19th century's nationalistic revolutions. The results of World War I would also be important factors in the development of World War II just over two decades later.

Selected event

The Battle of Verdun, fought from 21 February to 19 December 1916 around the city of Verdun-sur-Meuse in northeast France, was one of the most important battles in World War I on the Western Front. The battle was fought between the German and French armies.

It resulted in more than a quarter of a million deaths and about half a million wounded. It was the longest battle and one of the bloodiest in World War I. In both France and Germany it has come to represent the horrors of war, similar to the Somme in Britain.

The battle popularised the phrase "Ils ne passeront pas" ("They shall not pass"), uttered by Robert Nivelle, but often incorrectly attributed to Pétain.


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Selected equipment

Poison gas attack.jpg

The use of poison gas in World War I was a major military innovation. The gases used ranged from disabling chemicals such as tear gas and the more severe, mustard gas to killing agents like phosgene. This chemical warfare was a major component of the first global war and first total war of the 20th century. The killing capacity of gas was limited — only 3% of combat deaths were due to gas — however, the proportion of non-fatal casualties was high and gas remained one of the soldiers' greatest fears. In that it was possible to develop effective countermeasures to gas, it was unlike most other weapons of the period. Hence in the later stages of the war as the use of gas increased, in many cases its effectiveness was diminished. This widespread use of these agents of chemical warfare, and wartime advances in the composition of high explosives, gave rise to an occasionally expressed view of World War I as "the chemists' war".

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Selected quote

"It must be a peace without victory...Victory would mean peace forced upon the loser, a victor's terms imposed upon the vanquished. It would be accepted in humiliation, under duress, at an intolerable sacrifice, and would leave a sting, a resentment, a bitter memory upon which terms of peace would rest, not permanently, but only as upon quicksand. Only a peace between equals can last."
Woodrow Wilson, 22 January 1917

Selected picture

HMS Lion (1910).jpg

The British battle cruiser Lion burning after being struck by a salvo during the Battle of Jutland.

Photo credit:This photograph originally appeared in The Literary Digest History of the World War. The photographer is Miles van den Berg.

Selected biography

Gavrilloprincip.jpg

Gavrilo Princip (Serbian Cyrillic ?) (pronounced (gäv´ri:lo: pri:n´tsip) (July 25, 1894 – April 28, 1918) was a Serb member of the Young Bosnia secret society who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914. The event, known as the assassination in Sarajevo, prompted the Austrian action against Serbia that led to World War I. He is sometimes nicknamed "The Man That Started World War I". Having been too young at the time of the assassination (19) to face the death penalty, Princip received the maximum sentence of twenty years in prison, where he was held in harsh conditions worsened by the war. He died of tuberculosis on April 28, 1918 at Theresienstadt.

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Major topics

Theatres Main events Specific articles Participants See also

Prelude:
o Causes
o Sarajevo assassination
o July Ultimatum

Main theatres:
o Western Front
o Eastern Front
o Italian Front
o Middle Eastern Theatre
o Balkan Theatre
o Atlantic Theatre

Other theatres:
o African Theatre
o Pacific Theatre

General timeline:
o WWI timeline

1914:
o German invasion of Belgium
o Battle of Liège
o Battle of Tannenberg
o Invasion of Serbia
o First Battle of the Marne
o First Battle of Arras
o Battle of Sarikamish
o Battle of the Vistula River
o Battle of ?ód? (1914)
1915:
o Mesopotamian campaign
o Gallipoli Campaign
o Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes
o Defense of Van (1915)
o Great Retreat (Russian)
o Italian Campaign
o Conquest of Serbia
1916:
o Erzurum Offensive
o Battle of Verdun
o Lake Naroch Offensive
o Trebizond Campaign
o Battle of the Somme
o Battle of Jutland
o Brusilov Offensive
o Conquest of Romania
o Great Arab Revolt
1917:
o Capture of Baghdad
o Second Battle of Arras
o Battle of Passchendaele
o Battle of Caporetto
o Conquest of Palestine
1918:
o Spring Offensive
o Battle of Sardarabad
o Hundred Days Offensive
o Meuse-Argonne Offensive
o Armistice with Germany
o Armistice with Ottoman Empire

o Military engagements
o Naval warfare
o Air warfare
o Cryptography
o Poison gas
o Railways
o Technology
o Trench warfare
o Partition of Ottoman Empire

Civilian impact and atrocities:
o Armenian Genocide
o Assyrian genocide
o Greek genocide

Aftermath:
o Aftermath
o Casualties
o Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
o Paris Peace Conference
o Treaty of Versailles
o Treaty of St. Germain
o Treaty of Neuilly
o Treaty of Trianon
o Treaty of Sèvres
o Treaty of Lausanne
o League of Nations

Entente Powers
o  Russian Empire
o France French Third Republic
o  British Empire
  » United Kingdom United Kingdom
  » Australia Australia
  » Canada Canada
  »  India
  » New Zealand New Zealand
  »  South Africa
o Kingdom of Italy Italy
o Kingdom of Romania Romania
o  United States
o Kingdom of Serbia Serbia
o Portugal Portugal
o Republic of China (1912-1949) Republic of China
o Empire of Japan Japan
o Belgium Belgium
o  Montenegro
o Greece Greece
o Armenia Armenia
o more...

Central Powers
o German Empire German Empire
o  Austria-Hungary
o  Ottoman Empire
o Kingdom of Bulgaria Bulgaria

o A war to end all wars
o Female roles
o Literature
o Total war
o Spanish flu
o Veterans

Contemporaneous conflicts:
o Mexican Revolution (1910-20)
o First Balkan War (1912-13)
o Second Balkan War (1913)
o Maritz Rebellion (1914-15)
o Easter Rising (1916)
o Pancho Villa Expedition (1916-17)
o Russian Revolution (1917)
o Russian Civil War (1917-21)
o Finnish Civil War (1918)
o North Russia Intervention (1918-19)
o Greater Poland Uprising (1918-19)
o Polish-Soviet War (1919-21)
o Irish War of Independence also known as the Anglo-Irish War (1919-21)
o Turkish War of Independence also known as the Greco-Turkish War (1919-22)
o Irish Civil War (1922-23)

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From the World War I task force of the Military history WikiProject:

Attention needed
...to referencing and citation  • ...to coverage and accuracy  • ...to structure  • ...to grammar  • ...to supporting materials 
Popular pages
Full list
Cleanup needed
Adriatic Campaign of World War IAtlantic U-boat campaign of World War IBalkans Campaign (World War I)Battle of Belleau WoodBattle of Gully RavineBattle of PozièresBattle of Sari BairEastern Front (World War I)Italian Front (World War I)Robert NivelleSerbian Campaign of World War ISouth-West Africa CampaignLanding at Suvla BayMax von Boehn (General)Johannes von EbenNaval operations in the Dardanelles CampaignNaval warfare in the Mediterranean during World War IScottish Women's Hospitals for Foreign Service
Requested articles
Bombardment of SamogneuxOtto von Lauenstein deGeorg Fuchs (General) deGötz von König deBlack Sea Campaign (World War I)Battle of Augustów (1914)Battle of the NeteBattle of MusallaBattle of Qasr-i-ShirinBattle of QomBattle of HamadanOccupation of TabrizAffair of Umm at TubalBattle of NamacurraMakombe rebellionEttore MambrettiAuguste Clément GérômeHristo BurmovKonrad von HippelHermann von ZiegesarPaul von KneusslJosef Freiherr Roth von Limanowa-LapanówKarl Graf HuynAdolf Freiherr von Rhemen zu BarenfelsKarl Graf von Kirchbach auf LauterbachHugo Martiny von MalastówBattle of KyurdamirArmy Detachment Scheffer
Expansion needed
Battle of BehobehoBattle of Cambrai (1918)Battle of CaporettoBattle of Courtrai (1918)Battle of DodomaBattle of DutumiBattle of KaheBattle of Kiawe BridgeBattle of Kibata (1916)Battle of Kibata (1917)Battle of KidodiBattle of KilosaBattle of KimbarambaBattle of Krithia VineyardBattle of LukiguraBattle of the Lys (1918)Battle of NambanjeBattle of MahiwaBattle of MatamondoBattle of MlaliBattle of MorogoroBattle of MkalamoBattle of Mouquet FarmBattle of NarungombeBattle of the NekBattle of NjinjoOccupation of German SamoaBattle of RumboSamarrah OffensiveBattle of Scimitar HillBattle of SharqatBattle of St. Quentin CanalBattle of UteteBattle of WamiBattle of the WazzirDemilitarisationFirst Battle of Villers-BretonneuxSecond Battle of KrithiaSecond Battle of KutSecond Battle of the IsonzoThird Battle of KrithiaThird Battle of the IsonzoFifth Battle of the IsonzoSeventh Battle of the IsonzoNinth Battle of the IsonzoTenth Battle of the IsonzoOperation Marne-RheimsJoseph B. SanbornRobert Kosch deSecond attack on Anzac CoveBarue uprising
Images needed
Battle of Rob?ne?ti
Merging needed
Add an article here!
Citations needed
Spring OffensiveHundred Days OffensiveAsian and Pacific theatre of World War I1st Canadian Tunnelling CompanyBattle of Chunuk BairLanding at Suvla BayBattle of Gully RavineBattle of KumkaleVictory Medal (Romania)
Translation needed
de:Schlacht in den Karpaten (Large battle in the Carpathians) • fr:Mémorial Interallié

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