The War Portal
is a state of conflict
between relatively large groups of people (such as nations
, social groups
), which is characterized by lethal armed violence
or upon civilians
. Other terms for war, which often serve as euphemisms
, include armed conflict, hostilities, and police action
A common look on war is a series of military campaigns between at least two or more opposing sides involving a dispute over sovereignty, territory, resources, ideology, or a host of other issues. A war to liberate an occupied country is sometimes characterized as a "war of liberation", while a war between internal elements of the same state is called a civil war.
Aside from humans and other primates, ants are the only other animals known to exhibit such behavior on a large scale.
A battle is a single engagement fought between two or more parties, wherein each party or aligned group will seek to defeat their opponent. Battles are most often fought during military campaigns and can usually be well defined in time, space and action. Wars are generally the continuum of a related series of battles and are guided by strategy, whereas individual battles are the stage on which tactics are employed.
Military history is the recording and analysis of those events in the history of humanity that fall within the category of organized armed conflict and that relates to the institutions and organizations that prosecute such conflict.
Featured article -
The Krag-Petersson rifle was the first repeating rifle adopted by the armed forces of Norway, and one of the first repeating arms adopted anywhere in the world. Developed by Ole Herman Johannes Krag, the action of the Krag-Petersson was uniquely actuated by the oversized hammer. Another distinguishing feature is that the cartridge rising from the magazine is not seated automatically, but has to be pushed into the breech of the rifle. Testing by the Norwegian military revealed that the Krag-Peterssen was a robust, accurate and quick firing weapon, and the Royal Norwegian Navy adopted the rifle in 1876. The rifle was also extensively tested by other nations, but not adopted. After being phased out around 1900, the remaining rifles were sold off to civilians, and often extensively rebuilt. Today it is so difficult to find one in original condition that the Krag-Petersson has been described as "the rifle everybody has heard about, but hardly anybody has ever seen". It was the first rifle designed by Ole H. J. Krag that was adopted by an armed force.
Selected conflict -
The Afghanistan conflict (Pashto: ? ; Persian: ) is a series of wars fought in Afghanistan from 1978 through to the present day. Afghanistan has been in a continuous state of civil war since the Soviet invasion in 1979. Previously, the Kingdom of Afghanistan was overthrown in the relatively bloodless 1973 Afghan coup d'état, which brought the monarch Mohammed Zahir Shah's 39-year reign to an end, and ended Afghanistan's relatively peaceful period in modern history. Starting with the Saur Revolution military coup, an almost continuous series of armed conflicts has dominated and afflicted Afghanistan, including a Soviet invasion, a series of civil wars between mujahideen groups, notably the Taliban, a NATO invasion, a Taliban insurgency, and fighting between the Taliban and the Islamic State - Khorasan Province. The conflict includes:
- The Saur Revolution of 1978, which happened when the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) overthrew the government of the Republic of Afghanistan, which was headed by president Mohammed Daoud Khan. It then established the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, a Communist state which allied itself with the Soviet Union;
- The Soviet-Afghan War (1979-1989) started when the Soviet Army intervened in the country in order to support the ruling PDPA following large-scale rebellions against the government. Soviet troops along with the allied Afghan Army fought against rebel factions which were mostly collectively known as the "Afghan mujahideen", who were backed by countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, China, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Israel, Iran, Egypt and West Germany. The war ended with the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan in 1989;
- The Afghan Civil War (1989-1992) was the continuing war between the government and the mujahideen, but without the involvement of Soviet troops. Nevertheless, the Soviet Union continued to financially support the Afghan government in its fight, and likewise, mujahideen factions continued to receive support from the United States and Pakistan. The Democratic Republic of Afghanistan survived until the fall of Kabul in 1992, after which the mujahideen established the Islamic State of Afghanistan.;
- The Afghan Civil War (1992-1996) began when various mujahideen groups withdrew support from and began fighting against the Islamic State, including Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin, later largely replaced by the Taliban and al-Qaeda (all of whom were supported by Pakistan), Hezb-i Wahdat (who were supported by Iran), and Junbish-i Milli (who were supported by Uzbekistan). Mujahideen loyal to the Islamic State were supported by Saudi Arabia. This phase of the war ended when the Taliban captured Kabul and established the partially recognised Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan;
- The Afghan Civil War (1996-2001) was the continuation of the previous phase of the war, between militias loyal to the rival Islamic State and Islamic Emirate. Islamic State loyalists reorganised into the Northern Alliance, including Hezb-i Wahdat and Junbish-i Milli, who previously opposed the Islamic State. During the civil war, Al-Qaeda began committing terrorist attacks against the United States, culminating in the September 11 attacks, after which the Islamic Emirate lost almost all international support and diplomatic recognition;
- The War in Afghanistan (2001-2021) began with the NATO invasion of Afghanistan on 7 October 2001, seeking to remove the Taliban from power as they were hosting al-Qaeda militants. After the invasion overthrew the Taliban and established the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, the war turned into a protracted insurgency, with Afghan National Army and NATO troops fighting the re-organised Taliban and sporadically other groups such as al-Qaeda, Haqqani network, Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin and ISIS-K. After the withdrawal of NATO forces and the 2021 Taliban offensive, the Islamic Republic fell to the Taliban and the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan was re-established.
- The ISIL-Taliban conflict began in 2015, during the post-2001 war, as Taliban dissident groups organised into the Islamic State - Khorasan Province, pledging allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. The group attacked the Taliban as well as NATO troops, but it targeted mainly civilians. The insurgency continues to the present day.
- The Panjshir conflict occurred in 2021 when the remaining forces loyal to the Islamic Republic reorganised into the National Resistance Front of Afghanistan in the Panjshir Valley. Despite having international recognition as the legitimate government of Afghanistan, the National Resistance Front received no foreign support. Attempts at ceasefire were made as final victory by Taliban forces occurred with their capture of the valley on 6 September 2021. The conflict continues to the present day. (Full article...)
Major topics and categories
Did you know? -
Featured picture -
The following are images from various war-related articles on Wikipedia.
Vickers was the successor to the Maxim gun and remained in British military service for 79 consecutive years. (from Weapon)
Illustration of an "eruptor," a proto-cannon, capable of firing cast-iron bombs filled with gunpowder, from the 14th century Ming Dynasty book Huolongjing (from
Selection of weapons collected by security officers at an airport (from
Medieval Indian weapons (from
Other Wikimedia projects
Things you can do
|Summary of Military history WikiProject open tasks|
watch · · full list
- News and announcements
- It is time to choose who will help run the project for the next year. Voting for the project coordinators is currently open. Vote here before 23:59 UTC, 28 September 2021!
- The August newsletter is now available.
- The popflock.com Resource: SOLDIER notability essay has been deprecated, and should no longer be used in discussions of notability at AfD and elsewhere.
- Editors are advised that Featured Articles promoted before 2016 are in need of review, if you had an article promoted to Featured status on or before 2016 please check and update your article before they are listed at FAR/C.
- Current discussions
- No major discussions are open at the moment
- Featured article candidates
- James Longstreet • Uro? Drenovi? • Second Battle of Independence • Frederick the Great • 2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom) • German destroyer Z39 • Schichau-class torpedo boat • Operation Transom • Battle of Oroscopa • Daisy (advertisement)
- Featured article review
- British Empire • Paul Kagame • William Tecumseh Sherman • Joan of Arc • Alcibiades • Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria
- Featured list candidates
- 1951 in spaceflight • List of British divisions in World War II • List of commanders of the British 2nd Division
- A-Class review
- H2S (radar) • Donough MacCarty, 1st Earl of Clancarty • Final Offensive of 1981 • British logistics in the Siegfried Line campaign • The Holocaust in Greece • List of British mobile brigades during the Second World War • Thirty Years' War • Arjun (tank) • Sasaki T?ichi • Jadran (training ship) • Uskok-class torpedo boat • Operation Sportpalast • Wilfred Clouston • 46th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) • Draft Eisenhower movement • American transportation in the Siegfried Line campaign • American supply in the Siegfried Line campaign • Siege of Guînes (1352)
- Peer reviews
- French Imperial Army (1803-1815) • Battle of Cove Mountain • United Nations Memorial Cemetery • The Citadel
- Good article nominees
- Colorado Coalfield War • Roman campaigns in Germania (12 BC - AD 16) • Ming treasure voyages • Brazilian military junta of 1930 • KRI Nanggala (402) • Schools at War • Battle of Hancock • 1937 Brazilian coup d'état • Pete Buttigieg • Stjepan Vuk?i? Kosa?a • Henry Hart (Royal Navy officer) • Napoleonic looting of art • Étienne Perier (governor) • Jim Lovell • Dachau (US Army report) • Gallic Wars • Ed White (astronaut) • Victor Maghakian • Telangana Rebellion • Treaty of London (1915) • John Savage (soldier) • Green Cadres • Supermarine Seal II • Tirailleurs du Po • Hompesch Hussars • Régiment Royal Louis • 1st Swiss Regiment (France) • Dauphin's Cavalry Regiment • 1st Guards Breakthrough Artillery Division • 15th Anti-Aircraft Brigade (United Kingdom) • 1st Prussian Infantry Regiment • 3rd (Volunteer) Battalion, Cheshire Regiment • Peter Rainier (Royal Navy officer, born 1784) • 2020-2021 China-India skirmishes • Hundred Years' War (1345-1347) • John J. Pershing • Sieges of Berwick (1355 and 1356)
- Good article reassessments
- Napoleon • Lichtenstein Castle (Württemberg) • Tower Building of the Little Rock Arsenal
Articles that need... work on referencing and citation (117,878) • only work on referencing and citation (38,198) • work on coverage and accuracy (92,205) • only work on coverage and accuracy (13,742) • work on structure (24,270) • only work on structure (177) • work on grammar (7,356) • only work on grammar (20) • work on supporting materials (26,183) • only work on supporting materials (1,230) • assessment (193) • assessment as lists (2) • project tags fixed (5) • assessment checklists added (165) • assessment checklists completed (7) • task forces added (144) • attention to task force coverage (234)