Portal:Vietnam
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Portal:Vietnam

Welcome to the Vietnam portal / Chào m?ng b?n n v?i Ch? Vi?t Nam Dragon of Vietnam

Location of Vietnam in Indochina
Vietnam (Vietnamese: Vi?t Nam pronounced [vî?t n?:m] ), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnamese: C?ng hòa xã h?i ch? ngh?a Vi?t Nam), is the easternmost country on the Southeast Asian Indochinese Peninsula. With an estimated 95.5 million inhabitants , it is the 15th most populous country in the world. Vietnam shares its land borders with China to the north, and Laos and Cambodia to the west. It shares its maritime borders with Thailand through the Gulf of Thailand, and the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia through the South China Sea. Its capital city is Hanoi, while its most populous city is Ho Chi Minh City, also known by its former name of Saigon.

Archaeological excavations indicate that Vietnam was inhabited as early as the Paleolithic age. The ancient Vietnamese nation was annexed by China in the 2nd century BC, which subsequently made Vietnam a division of China for over a millennium. The first independent monarchy emerged in the 10th century AD. This paved the way for successive imperial dynasties as the nation expanded geographically southward until European colonialism in the mid-19th century. Modern Vietnam was born upon the Proclamation of Independence from France in 1945. Following Vietnamese victory against the French in the First Indochina War, which ended in 1954, the nation was divided into two rival states: communist North and anti-communist South. Conflicts intensified in the Vietnam War, which saw extensive US intervention in support of South Vietnam and ended with North Vietnamese victory in 1975.

After North and South Vietnam were reunified under a unitary socialist government in 1976, the country became economically and politically isolated until 1986, when the Communist Party initiated a series of economic and political reforms that facilitated Vietnamese integration into world politics and the global economy. As a result of the successful reforms, Vietnam has enjoyed a high GDP growth rate, consistently ranked among the fastest-growing countries in the world. It nevertheless faces challenges including poverty, corruption and inadequate social welfare. By 2010, Vietnam had established diplomatic relations with 178 countries. It is a member of such international organisations as the United Nations (UN), the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum, and the World Trade Organization (WTO). Read more...

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Vietnam Railway Map.png

The railway system in Vietnam is owned and operated by the state-owned Vietnam Railways (Vietnamese: ng s?t Vi?t Nam). The principal route, the single track North-South Railway running between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, accounts for 1,726 kilometres (1,072 mi) of the network's total length of 2,600 kilometres (1,600 mi). The national railway network uses mainly metre gauge, although there are several standard gauge and mixed gauge lines in the north of the country.

The first railways in Vietnam were established in the 1880s, with construction beginning in 1888; these included a tram running between the ports of Saigon and Cholon, and a regional rail line connecting Saigon with M? Tho. Railway construction flourished soon afterwards, during the administration of Paul Doumer as Governor-General of French Indochina from 1897 to 1902. It was during this time that construction of the Yunnan-Vietnam and North-South railways began. Construction of the North-South line took over thirty years, finally ending in 1936, during which time other branch lines were also completed. Beginning in World War II, the entire rail network became a target of bombing attacks by a number of groups, including both North Vietnamese and South Vietnamese troops during the Vietnam War. Although the main lines--particularly the North-South line--were quickly restored and returned to service once conflict ended, many branch lines were abandoned and dismantled at their expense, their infrastructure used to replace damaged sections of the main lines, or sold as scrap. Read more...
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Vietnam News

Wikinews Vietnam portal
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13 March 2020 - Impact of the 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic on sports
Formula 1 officially cancels the 2020 Australian Grand Prix, then later announces the postponement of the Bahrain and Vietnam Grands Prix. (RACER) (Formula 1)
24 February 2020 - 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic
Vietnamese airline Bamboo Airways suspends flights to South Korea starting February 26. (CNN)
28 December 2019 - Corruption in Vietnam
A court in Vietnam sentences former information minister Nguyen Bac Son to life in prison after finding him guilty of accepting $3 million in kickbacks via an overpriced purchase of Audio Visual Global JSC for nearly 8.9 trillion dong ($383.7 million) in late 2015 by government-owned company MobiFone. (Reuters)
28 November 2019 - Censorship in Vietnam
In the third case this month, and the second this week, a court in Vietnam convicts and sentences a Facebook user to nine years in prison for defaming the ruling Communist Party and government. (Reuters)
26 November 2019 - Censorship in Vietnam
A court in Vietnam sentences a Facebook user to six years in prison for anti-state posts on the social media. It is the latest case seen as a crackdown on government dissidents. (Reuters)
25 November 2019 - Essex lorry deaths
The driver of the lorry in which 39 Vietnamese migrants were found dead in Grays, Essex, England, pleads guilty to conspiring to assist unlawful immigration. (The Independent)

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