The Utah Portal
Utah ( YOO-tah, YOO-taw) is a state in the Western United States. It is bordered by Colorado to the east, Wyoming to the northeast, Idaho to the north, Arizona to the south and Nevada to the west. It also touches a corner of New Mexico in the southeast. Of the fifty U.S. states, Utah is the 13th-largest by area; with a population over three million, it is the 30th-most-populous and 11th-least-densely populated. Urban development is mostly concentrated in two areas: the Wasatch Front in the north-central part of the state, which is home to roughly two-thirds of the population and includes the capital city, Salt Lake City; and Washington County in the south, with more than 170,000 residents. Most of the western half of Utah lies in the Great Basin.
The territory of modern Utah has been inhabited by various indigenous groups for thousands of years, including the ancient Puebloans, the Navajo and the Ute. The Spanish were the first Europeans to arrive in the mid-16th century, though the region's difficult geography and climate made it a peripheral part of New Spain and later Mexico. Even while it was part of Mexico, many of Utah's earliest settlers were American, particularly Mormons fleeing marginalization and persecution from the United States. Following the Mexican-American War, it became part of the Utah Territory, which included what is now Colorado and Nevada. Disputes between the dominant Mormon community and the federal government delayed Utah's admission as a state; only after the outlawing of polygamy was it admitted as the 45th, in 1896.
A little more than half of all Utahns are Mormons, the vast majority of whom are members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), which has its world headquarters in Salt Lake City. Utah is the only state where a majority of the population belongs to a single church. The LDS Church greatly influences Utahn culture, politics, and daily life, though since the 1990s the state has become more religiously diverse as well as secular. (Full article...)
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Bryce Canyon National Park is an American national park located in southwestern Utah. The major feature of the park is Bryce Canyon, which despite its name, is not a canyon, but a collection of giant natural amphitheaters along the eastern side of the Paunsaugunt Plateau. Bryce is distinctive due to geological structures called hoodoos, formed by frost weathering and stream erosion of the river and lake bed sedimentary rocks. The red, orange, and white colors of the rocks provide spectacular views for park visitors. Bryce Canyon National Park is much smaller, and sits at a much higher elevation than nearby Zion National Park. The rim at Bryce varies from 8,000 to 9,000 feet (2,400 to 2,700 m).
The Bryce Canyon area was settled by Mormon pioneers
in the 1850s and was named after Ebenezer Bryce
, who homesteaded
in the area in 1874. The area around Bryce Canyon was originally designated as a national monument
by President Warren G. Harding
in 1923 and was redesignated as a national park by Congress in 1928. The park covers 35,835 acres (55.992 sq mi; 14,502 ha; 145.02 km2
) and receives substantially fewer visitors than Zion National Park (nearly 4.3 million in 2016) or Grand Canyon National Park (nearly 6 million in 2016), largely due to Bryce's more remote location. In 2018, Bryce Canyon received 2,679,478 recreational visitors, which was an increase of 107,794 visitors from the prior year. (Full article...
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Robert LeRoy Parker (April 13, 1866 - November 7, 1908), better known as Butch Cassidy, was an American train and bank robber and the leader of a gang of criminal outlaws known as the "Wild Bunch" in the Old West.
Parker engaged in criminal activity for more than a decade at the end of the 19th century, but the pressures of being pursued by law enforcement, notably the Pinkerton detective agency
, forced him to flee the country. He fled with his accomplice Harry Alonzo Longabaugh, known as the "Sundance Kid
", and Longabaugh's girlfriend Etta Place
. The trio traveled first to Argentina
and then to Bolivia
, where Parker and Longabaugh are believed to have been killed in a shootout with the Bolivian Army
in November 1908; the exact circumstances of their fate continue to be disputed. (Full article...
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Salt Lake City (often shortened to Salt Lake and abbreviated as SLC) is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Utah, as well as the seat of Salt Lake County, the most populous county in Utah. With an estimated population of 200,567 in 2019, the city is the core of the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, which has a population of 1,222,540 (2018 estimate). Salt Lake City is further situated within a larger metropolis known as the Salt Lake City-Ogden-Provo Combined Statistical Area, a corridor of contiguous urban and suburban development stretched along a 120-mile (190 km) segment of the Wasatch Front, comprising a population of 2,606,548 (as of 2018 estimates), making it currently the 22nd largest in the nation. It is the larger of only two major urban areas located within the Great Basin (the other being Reno, Nevada). It is categorized as a "Gamma-" global city, according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.
Salt Lake City is the world headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
(LDS Church). The city was founded in 1847 by followers of the church, led by Brigham Young
, who were seeking to escape persecution they had experienced while living farther east. The Mormon pioneers
, as they would come to be known, entered a semi-arid valley and immediately began planning and building an extensive irrigation network which could feed the population and foster future growth. Salt Lake City's street grid system is based on a standard compass grid plan, with the southeast corner of Temple Square
(the area containing the Salt Lake Temple
in downtown Salt Lake City) serving as the origin of the Salt Lake meridian
. Due to its proximity to the Great Salt Lake
, the city was originally named Great Salt Lake City. In 1868, the word "Great" was dropped from the city's name. (Full article...
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The following are images from various Utah-related articles on Wikipedia.
The boundaries of the provisional State of Deseret--as proposed in 1849--are shown with a dotted line. The Utah Territory as organized in 1850, is shown in blue with black outline.
A sketch of Salt Lake City in 1860
Children reading in Santa Clara, Utah, in 1940
Utah population density map
One out of every 14 flash memory chips in the world is produced in Lehi, Utah.
Map showing Utah in 1838 when it was part of Mexico. From Britannica 7th edition.
Map showing Utah in 1838 when it was part of Mexico, Britannica 7th edition
The Wasatch Front region has seen large growth and development despite the economic downturn. Shown is the City Creek Center project, a development in downtown Salt Lake City with a price tag of $1.5-2.5 billion.
Mining has been a large industry in Utah since it was first settled. The Bingham Canyon Mine in Salt Lake County is one of the largest open pit mines in the world.
The Utah Jazz playing against the Houston Rockets
The Scott Matheson Courthouse is the seat of the Utah Supreme Court.
- Nickname: The Beehive State
- Capital and largest city: Salt Lake City
- Total area: 219,887 km2 (84,899 sq mi)
- Population (2010 Census): 2,736,424
- Date admitted to the Union: January 4, 1896
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Coordinates: 39°18?N 111°36?W / 39.3°N 111.6°W