Education in Wales
differs in certain respects from education elsewhere in the United Kingdom
. For example, a significant minority of students all over Wales
are educated either wholly or largely through the medium of Welsh
: in 2014/15, 15.7% of children and young people received Welsh-medium education - a drop from the 15.9% in 2010/11. And additional 10% attend schools which had a significant portion of the curriculum is bilingual. The study of the Welsh language is available to all age groups through nurseries, schools, colleges and universities and in adult education. The study of the language is compulsory for all pupils in State Schools until the age of 16.
, education policy in the four constituent countries of the UK has diverged: for example, England
has pursued reforms based on diversity of school types and parental choice; Wales (and Scotland
) remain more committed to the concept of the community-based comprehensive school
. Systems of governance and regulation - the arrangements for planning, funding, quality-assuring and regulating learning, and for its local administration - are becoming increasingly differentiated across the four home countries
. Education researcher David Reynolds claims that policy in Wales is driven by a "producerist" paradigm
emphasising collaboration between educational partners. He also alludes to lower funding in Welsh schools compared to England, echoing similar concerns at university level. He concludes that performance data does not suggest that Wales has improved more rapidly than England, although there are considerable difficulties in making these kinds of assessments. Read more...