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Ukraine (Ukrainian: ?, romanizedUkrayina, pronounced [?kr?'jin?] ; Russian: ?, tr. Ukraina, IPA: [?kr?'in?]) is a country in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Russia to the east and north-east; Belarus to the north; Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west; and Romania, Moldova, and the Black Sea to the south. Ukraine also borders Crimea to its south, which Russia annexed from Ukraine in 2014, though Ukraine still continues to claim the territory. Including Crimea, Ukraine has an area of 603,628 km2 (233,062 sq mi), making it the second-largest country by area in Europe after Russia, and the 46th-largest country in the world. Excluding Crimea, Ukraine has a population of about 42 million, making it the eighth-most populous country in Europe, and the 34th-most populous country in the world. Its capital and largest city is Kyiv.

The territory of modern Ukraine has been inhabited since 32,000 BC. During the Middle Ages, the area was a key centre of East Slavic culture, with the powerful state of Kyivan Rus' forming the basis of Ukrainian identity. Following its fragmentation in the 13th century, the territory was contested, ruled and divided by a variety of powers, including the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Russia. A Cossack republic emerged and prospered during the 17th and 18th centuries, but its territory was eventually split between Poland and the Russian Empire. In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution, a Ukrainian national movement for self-determination emerged and the internationally recognized Ukrainian People's Republic was declared on 23 June 1917. After World War II the western part of Ukraine merged into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and the whole country became a part of the Soviet Union. Ukraine gained its independence in 1991, following the dissolution of the Soviet Union. (Full article...)

Featured article

The reconstructed St. Michael's Golden-Domed Cathedral with its belltower as seen in 2005.

St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery (Ukrainian: ? ; translit.: [Mykhaylivs'kyi zolotoverkhyi monastyr] Error: {{Lang}}: text has italic markup (help)) is a functioning monastery in Kiev, Ukraine. The monastery is located on the Western side of the Dnieper River on the edge of a bluff northeast of the St. Sophia Cathedral. The site is located in the historic and administrative Uppertown and overlooks the city's historical commercial and merchant quarter, the Podil neighbourhood.

Originally built in the Middle Ages by Sviatopolk II Iziaslavych, the monastery comprises the Cathedral itself, the refectory of St. John the Divine, built in 1713, the Economic Gates, constructed in 1760 and the monastery's bell tower, which was added circa 1716–1719. The exterior of the structure was rebuilt in the Ukrainian Baroque style in the 18th century while the interior remained in its original Byzantine style. The cathedral was demolished by the Soviet authorities in the 1930s, but was recently reconstructed after Ukraine gained its independence.

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Zbarazh Castle.

Zbarazh (Ukrainian: , Polish: Zbara?, Yiddish: Zbarj) is a small city in the Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Zbarazh Raion (district), and is located in the historic region of Galicia. The major attraction of the city is the Zbarazh Castle that played a key role during the Khmelnytsky Uprising, the heroic defense of which eventually led to change of momentum and extinguishing the Cossack revolt.

Photo credit: plf16

Did you know...

Featured at Did you know section at the Wikipedia's Main Page

Mykola Leontovych
Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle
  • ...that during the Shuliavka worker's uprising of 1905, groups of 150 armed men patrolled the streets of the Shuliavka neighborhood in Kiev to clean the area of any resistors to their movement?
  • ...that Vasyl Krychevsky, a Ukrainian artist, designed the state emblem of the Ukrainian National Republic at the request of Mykhailo Hrushevskyi?
  • ...that the Emperor of Russia, Alexander III bought the art of Ukrainian realist painter Vladimir Orlovsky?
  • ...that Swedish-Ukrainian relations have long traditions and that the Swedish king Charles XII was named protector of Ukraine in the first Ukrainian constitution of 1710 and that Hetman Pylyp Orlyk lived in Sweden 1716-1720?
  • ...that the Russian composers Peter Tchaikovsky, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Serge Rachmaninoff used Ukrainian folk melodies in their works?
  • ...that Polish-Ukrainian relations have been steadily improving since the fall of communism, and both countries now have a strong strategic relationship?
  • ...that the Ukrainian Baroque architecture is distinct from Western European Baroque in that its designs were more constructivist, had more moderate ornamentation, and were simpler in form?
  • ...that according to Ukrainian folklore, the girl who finds Chervona Ruta, "Red Rue" in Ukrainian, on the Ivan Kupala Day, will be happy in love?
  • ...that the 11th century Duke Yaropolk Izyaslavich is an Eastern Orthodox saint?
  • ...that in 1956, the Pidhirtsi Castle in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine. burned for three weeks costing US$12 million in damages?
  • ...that the Holy Trinity Church was the oldest church in Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ukraine, until it was destroyed by the Soviets in 1935?
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    Konstiantyn Trutovsky. By the water well.

    By the water well Konstiantyn Trutovsky

    Konstiantyn Trutovsky was a Ukrainian realist painter and graphic artist. His artistic heritage includes numerous genre screens on Ukrainian themes. Trutovsky was interested in ethnography and depicted colorful Ukrainian folk customs, not shying away from "a dash of good humour".

    In the news

    Newspaper nicu buculei 01.svg News from Ukraine


    WikiProjects and collaborations

    Things you can do

    1. Tetyana Yablonska photograph or painting?
    2. Proposed featured images;
    3. A picture of the ministry of defense building.

    Selected anniversaries for November

    • November 11--November 12, 1918 -- Battle of Przemy?l was fought between Polish and Ukrainian forces.
    • November 24, 2007 - the official day of remembrance for people who died as a result of Holodomor and political repression.

    Main topics

    History List of Ukrainian rulers o Early East Slavs o Kievan Rus' o Mongol invasion o Halych-Volynia o Grand Duchy of Lithuania o Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth o Cossack era o Imperial Russia o Austrian Galicia o Ukrainian People's Republic o Western Ukrainian Republic o Ukrainian SSR o Independent Ukraine ...
    Religion History of Christianity o Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) o Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church o Roman Catholicism in Ukraine o Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kyiv Patriarchate o Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church o Islam in Ukraine o Judaism in Ukraine ...
    Law Constitution o Judicial system o Constitutional Court o Supreme Court o Prosecutor General
    Armed forces Chief directorate of intelligence of the Ministry of Defence o Foreign Intelligence Service o Security Service o Ministry of Internal Affairs o Berkut o State Border Guard Service o Ukrainian Air Force o Ukrainian Navy o Sea Guard ...
    Administrative divisions Historical regions o List of Ukrainian territories: by area · by population o List of raions o Lists of cities: by population · by subdivision o List of urban-type settlements o List of villages ...
    Geography Craters o Rivers o Rock formations o ...
    Economy Companies o National Bank o National Currency o Tourism o Transport ...
    Demographics Ukrainian language o Ukrainians o Ukrainian Census o Racism in Ukraine oRussian language in Ukraine o ...
    Culture Coat of arms o Cuisine o Dance o Education o Famous Ukrainians o Flag o Hero o Music o National anthem o Name o Sport o Wine o ...

    Related portals

    Ukrainian editions of Wikimedia projects

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    The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

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