The Spain Portal
Spain (Spanish: España, [es'pa?a] ), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de España), is a country in Southwestern Europe with some pockets of territory across the Strait of Gibraltar and the Atlantic Ocean. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagos: the Canary Islands off the coast of North Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, makes Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean respectively.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second-largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth-largest country by area on the European continent. With a population exceeding 47.3 million, Spain is the sixth-most populous country in Europe, and the fourth-most populous country in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Zaragoza, Málaga, and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BC, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire, Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established relatively independent realms in its western provinces. One of them, the Visigoths, forcibly integrated all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including the Byzantine province of Spania, into the Visigothic Kingdom.
Featured article -
This is a Featured article, which represents some of the best content on English Wikipedia..
Map of the 2015 Vuelta a España route, from Marbella to Madrid.(stage courses in red)
The 2015 Vuelta a España was a three-week Grand Tour cycling race. The race was the 70th edition of the Vuelta a España and took place principally in Spain, although two stages took place partly or wholly in Andorra, and was the 22nd race in the 2015 UCI World Tour. The 3,358.1-kilometre (2,086.6 mi) race included 21 stages, beginning in Marbella on 22 August 2015 and finishing in Madrid on 13 September. It was won by Fabio Aru (Astana Pro Team), with Joaquim Rodríguez (Team Katusha) second and Rafa? Majka (Tinkoff-Saxo) third.
The early leaders of the race were Esteban Chaves
) and Tom Dumoulin
), who exchanged the leader's red jersey
several times during the first ten days of racing, with both riders winning summit finishes
in the first week. Aru took over the race lead following the mountainous Stage 11, which took place entirely within Andorra. He kept his lead for five stages as the race entered the mountains of northern Spain, but lost it to Rodríguez on Stage 16. Dumoulin took the lead back on Stage 17 - the race's only individual time trial
- with Aru three seconds behind in second place. Aru attacked
throughout the final stages and, on the penultimate day, finally dropped
Dumoulin, who fell to sixth place overall. Aru therefore took the first Grand Tour victory of his career. Read more...
Selected article -
Good article -
This is a Good article, an article that meets a core set of high editorial standards.
Remains of the Alconétar Bridge with its flattened arches
The Alconétar Bridge (Spanish: Puente de Alconétar), also known as Puente de Mantible, was a Roman segmental arch bridge in the Extremadura region, Spain. The ancient structure, which featured flattened arches with a span-to-rise ratio of 4-5:1, is one of the earliest of its kind. Due to its design, it is assumed that the bridge was erected in the early 2nd century AD by the emperors Trajan or Hadrian, possibly under the guidance of Apollodorus of Damascus, the most famous architect of the time.
The almost 300 m long Alconétar Bridge served as a crossing point for the Roman Via de la Plata
, the most important north-south connection in western Hispania
, over the Tagus
, the longest river of the Iberian peninsula
. It presumably remained in service until the Reconquista
, after which numerous early modern
reconstruction attempts by Spanish engineers failed. The ruins, which were mainly to be found on the right river bank, were relocated from their original position in 1970 when the Alcántara reservoir
was created. Read more...
Hernán Cortés (also known as Hernán(do) Cortés Pizarro, 1st Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca; born 1485–December 2, 1547) was a Spanish conquistador who initiated the conquest of the Aztec Empire on behalf of Charles V, king of Castile and Holy Roman Emperor, in the early 16th century. Cortés was part of the generation of Spanish colonizers that began the first phase of the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
Born in Medellín, Extremadura, in Castile, to a family of lesser nobility, Cortés chose to pursue a livelihood in the New World. He went to Hispaniola and later to Cuba, where he received an encomienda and, for a short time, became alcalde (mayor) of a small town. In 1519, he was elected captain of the third expedition to the mainland, an expedition which he partly funded. His enmity with the governor of Cuba, Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, resulted in the latter recalling the expedition at the last moment, an order which Cortés ignored. Arriving on the continent, Cortés executed a successful strategy of allying with some indigenous peoples against others. He also used a native woman, Doña Marina, as interpreter; she would later bear Cortés a son. When the Governor of Cuba sent emissaries to arrest Cortés, he fought them and won, using the extra troops as reinforcements. Cortés wrote letters directly to the king asking to be acknowledged for his successes instead of punished for mutiny. After he overthrew the Aztec empire, Cortés was awarded the title of Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca, while the more prestigious title of Viceroy was given to a high-ranking nobleman, Antonio de Mendoza. Cortés returned to Spain in 1541 where he died peacefully but embittered.
The following are images from various Spain-related articles on Wikipedia.
In the news
File:1 toledo spain evening sunset 2014.jpg
File:1000 Spanish pesetas.jpg
File:Alcázar Seville April 2019-11.jpg
File:Amalia de Llano y Dotres, condesa de Vilches (Federico de Madrazo).jpg
File:Ana Santos Aramburo en la sede de Recoletos de la Biblioteca Nacional de España (crop 2).jpg
File:Castillo de San Juan Bautista.jpg
File:Castillo de Zafra, Campillo de Dueñas, Guadalajara, España, 2017-01-04, DD 41-46 PAN.jpg
File:Cristo en la cruz (Goya).jpg
File:Death of King Alfonso XII of Spain.jpg
File:El dos de mayo de 1808 en Madrid.jpg
File:Francisco Goya - Portrait of the Duke of Wellington.jpg
File:Goya - Desgracias acaecidas en el tendido de la plaza de Madrid, y muerte del alcalde de Torrejón.jpg
File:Gustave Doré - Miguel de Cervantes - Don Quixote - Part 1 - Chapter 1 - Plate 1 "A world of disorderly notions, picked out of his books, crowded into his imagination".jpg
File:Hacha grande from papagayo pano.jpg
File:Iberian Peninsula antique map.jpg
File:Ixion by Jusepe de Ribera (1632).jpg
File:La familia de Carlos IV.jpg
File:Las Meninas, by Diego Velázquez, from Prado in Google Earth.jpg
File:Maria Isabel of Portugal in front of the Prado in 1829 by Bernardo López y piquer.jpg
File:Michel Sittow - Portrait of Diego de Guevara (?) - Google Art Project.jpg
File:Ortolan bunting in Sierra de Guara, Aragon, Spain.jpg
File:Portrait of a Man, Said to be Christopher Columbus.jpg
File:Segovia - Alcázar de Segovia 22 2017-10-24.jpg
File:Shipwreck of the SS American Star on the shore of Fuerteventura.jpg
File:Squilla mantis (l'Ametlla) brighter and quality.jpg
File:Vicente López Portaña - el pintor Francisco de Goya.jpg
File:Westfaelischer Friede in Muenster (Gerard Terborch 1648).jpg
Select [?] to view subcategories
Things you can do