The South Australia Portal
South Australia is a state of Australia in the southern central part of the country. It covers some of the most arid parts of the continent and with a total land area of 984 377 km² (380 070 sq mi), it is the fourth largest of Australia's states and territories. It is bordered to the west by Western Australia, to the north by the Northern Territory and Queensland, to the east by Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria, and along the south by the Great Australian Bight and the Southern Ocean. With 1.5 million people, the state comprises less than 10 per cent of the Australian population and ranks fifth in population among the states and territories. The majority of its people reside in the capital city Adelaide, with most of the remainder settled in fertile areas along the south-eastern coast and River Murray.
The state's origins were unique in Australia as a freely-settled, planned British province–all of Australia's other states were founded as convict colonies. Official settlement began on 28 December 1836 when the state was proclaimed at The Old Gum Tree by Governor Hindmarsh. The guiding principle behind settlement was that of systematic colonisation, a theory espoused by Edward Gibbon Wakefield that was later employed by New Zealand. The aim was to establish the province as a centre of civilisation for free immigrants, promising civil liberties and religious tolerance. Although its history is marked by economic hardship, South Australia has remained politically innovative and culturally vibrant. Today, the state is known as a state of festivals, and of fine wine.
British nuclear tests at Maralinga
occurred between 1955 and 1963 at the Maralinga
site, part of the Woomera Prohibited Area
, in South Australia
. A total of seven major nuclear tests
were performed, with approximate yields ranging from 1 to 27 kilotons
. The site was also used for hundreds of minor trials, many of which were intended to investigate the effects of fire or non-nuclear explosions on atomic weapons.
The site was contaminated with radioactive materials and an initial cleanup was attempted in 1967. The McClelland Royal Commission into the tests delivered its report in 1985, and found that significant radiation hazards still existed at many of the Maralinga test areas. It recommended another cleanup, which was completed in 2000 at a cost of $108 million. Debate continued over the safety of the site and the long-term health effects on the traditional Aboriginal owners of the land and former personnel. In 1994, the Australian Government paid compensation amounting to $13.5 million to the local Maralinga Tjarutja people.
Did You Know...
Things you can do
Here are some tasks you can do to help with WikiProject Adelaide:
The current Australian Collaboration of the Fortnight article is Brown Mountain forest.
Places and landmarks:
Sir Samuel Way Building,
Adelaide Central School of Art,
Parks and rivers:
Events and people:
Carnevale in Adelaide,
Come Out Festival,
Edmund William Wright
The Chronicle (South Australia),
Adelaide Steamship Company,
History Trust of South Australia,
Electoral reform in South Australia
Category:Wikipedia requested photographs in South Australia, Category:Wikipedia requested photographs in Adelaide
- Assess: Category:Unknown-importance South Australia articles, Category:Unassessed South Australia articles, Category:Unknown-importance Adelaide articles, Category:Unassessed Adelaide articles
- Maintain: Portal:South Australia