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First primary school building in Badagry, Nigeria, built in 1845.

A school is an educational institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers. Most countries have systems of formal education, which is commonly compulsory. In these systems, students progress through a series of schools. The names for these schools vary by country (discussed in the Regional section below) but generally include primary school for young children and secondary school for teenagers who have completed primary education. An institution where higher education is taught, is commonly called a university college or university, but these higher education institutions are usually not compulsory.

In addition to these core schools, students in a given country may also attend schools before and after primary (Elementary in the US) and secondary (Middle school in the US) education. Kindergarten or preschool provide some schooling to very young children (typically ages 3-5). University, vocational school, college or seminary may be available after secondary school. A school may be dedicated to one particular field, such as a school of economics or a school of dance. Alternative schools may provide nontraditional curriculum and methods.

There are also non-government schools, called private schools. Private schools may be required when the government does not supply adequate, or special education. Other private schools can also be religious, such as Christian schools, madrasa, hawzas (Shi'a schools), yeshivas (Jewish schools), and others; or schools that have a higher standard of education or seek to foster other personal achievements. Schools for adults include institutions of corporate training, military education and training and business schools.

In home schooling and online schools, teaching and learning take place outside a traditional school building. Schools are commonly organized in several different organizational models, including departmental, small learning communities, academies, integrated, and schools-within-a-school.

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The original buildings on Caulfield Campus's current site, circa 1910
Caulfield Grammar School is an independent, co-educational, Anglican, day and boarding school, located in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Founded in 1881 as a boys' school by the Reverend Joseph Henry Davies, Caulfield began admitting girls exactly one hundred years later. The school amalgamated with Malvern Memorial Grammar School (MMGS) in 1961, with the MMGS campus becoming Malvern Campus.

Caulfield has three day campuses in Victoria, Caulfield (Years 7-12), Wheelers Hill (Kindergarten-Year 12), and Malvern House (Kindergarten-Year 6). It has an outdoor education campus at Yarra Junction, and a student centre in Nanjing, China where the Year 9 internationalism programme is conducted. The Nanjing Campus became the first overseas campus for an Australian high school, and Australian Prime Minister John Howard and then-Victorian Premier Jeff Kennett both sent formal congratulations letters to Caulfield on the campus' establishment. Caulfield is the only Melbourne-based APS school to provide boarding for both boys and girls, with 95 boarding students, and is one of the largest school's in Victoria, currently catering for approximately 2,850 students.

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Robert College Gould Hall

Robert College of Istanbul (Turkish: Istanbul Amerikan Robert Lisesi) is one of the most selective independent private high schools in Turkey. The Institution is the oldest American school still in existence in its original location outside of the United States, and has a long list of notable alumni, including Nobel Prize recipient Orhan Pamuk.

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Signature of James Morris
James Morris III ((1752-01-19)January 19, 1752 - (1820-04-20)April 20, 1820) was a Continental Army officer from Connecticut during the American Revolutionary War and founder of the Morris Academy, a pioneer in coeducation. Born in Litchfield County, Connecticut, Morris spent his early life training to be minister. However, after graduating from Yale College, Morris accepted a commission from the Continental Army and joined the fight for American Independence. Morris was captured during the Battle of Germantown. Upon his release, Morris was promoted to the rank of Captain and supported Alexander Hamilton in the Siege of Yorktown. When he returned from the war, Morris began and ran an academy which taught both boys and girls together, a rarity at the time.

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Annenschule, Saint Petersburg


Educational institutions by year of establishment


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