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Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg

Russia (Russian: ?, tr. Rossiya, IPA: [r?'s?ij?]), or the Russian Federation (Russian: ?, tr. Rossiyskaya Federatsiya, IPA: [r?'s?ijsk?j? fd'rats?j?]), is a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and North Asia. At 17,125,200 square kilometres (6,612,100 sq mi), it is, by a considerable margin, the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with about 146.79 million people , including Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital, Moscow, is one of the largest cities in the world and the largest city in Europe; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. However, Russia recognises two more countries that border it, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, both of which are internationally recognized as parts of Georgia.

The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities and won independence from the Golden Horde by defeating them at Great Stand on the Ugra River in 1480. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east.

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A T-34 Model 1943
The T-34 is a Soviet medium tank produced from 1940 to 1958. It was widely regarded as the world's best tank when the Soviet Union entered the Second World War, and although its armour and armament were surpassed by later WWII tanks, it is credited as the war's most effective, efficient and influential design. First produced at the KhPZ factory in Kharkov (Kharkiv, Ukraine), it was the mainstay of Soviet armoured forces throughout World War II, and widely exported afterwards. It was the most-produced tank of the war, and the second most-produced tank of all time, after its successor, the T-54/55 series. The T-34 was still in service with twenty-seven countries as late as 1996.

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Ivan Tsarevich

A painting depicting Ivan Tsarevich, one of the main heroes of folklore of Russia, riding a magic carpet after having captured the Firebird, which he keeps in a cage. This work was Viktor Vasnetsov's first attempt at illustrating Russian folk tales and inaugurated a famous series of paintings on the themes drawn from Russian folklore.

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Alexandre Jacovleff

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Moscow Kremlin

Selected cuisine

Tarasun (also known as Arhi) is an alcoholic beverage drunk by the Buryat people of Siberia. Apart from being the national drink of Buryatia, it is also used by the Buryats in their religious ceremonies. The Buryat and his tarasun have been compared to a Scotsman and his whisky. Read more...

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Aleksandr Vasilevsky
Aleksandr Vasilevsky was a Soviet military commander, promoted to Marshal of the Soviet Union in 1943. He was the Soviet Chief of the General Staff and Deputy defence minister during World War II, as well as defence minister from 1949 to 1953. As the Chief of the General Staff, Vasilevsky was responsible for the planning and coordination of almost all decisive Soviet offensives, from the Stalingrad counteroffensive to the assault on East Prussia and Königsberg. In July 1945, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of Soviet forces in the Far East, executing Soviet invasion of Manchuria and subsequently accepting Japan's surrender. After the war, he became the Soviet Defence Minister, a position he held until Stalin's death in 1953. With Nikita Khrushchev's rise, Vasilevsky started to lose power and was eventually pensioned off. After his death, he was buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis in recognition of his past service and contributions to his nation.

In the news

18 November 2019 - Russia-Ukraine relations, Ukrainian crisis
Russia returns three Ukrainian Navy vessels it seized during an incident in the Kerch Strait last year. (Deutche Welle) (Reuters)
8 November 2019 - Impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump
During her testimony before U.S. House investigators last month in the impeachment inquiry against President Donald Trump, Fiona Hill, Trump's former top adviser on Russia and Europe, said that she received death threats and "hateful calls" and was the subject of false "conspiracy theories" as part of a targeted harassment campaign she claims was implemented after she agreed to cooperate with the inquiry, according to a deposition transcript. (NBC News)
31 October 2019 - Islamist insurgency in Mozambique
Seven Russian defense contractors from the Wagner Group and 20 Mozambican soldiers are reportedly killed in attacks by Salafi jihadists in northern Mozambique. (The Moscow Times)
25 October 2019 - Gorny shooting
A Russian soldier shoots and kills eight fellow soldiers and wounds two others at a Russian Armed Forces base in the village of Gorny, Zabaykalsky Krai. Officials say the soldier is suspected of having a "nervous breakdown", according to Russian media. (BBC News)
25 October 2019 - Mueller Report, Special Counsel investigation (2017-2019)
A federal judge rules the U.S. Justice Department must provide Congress with grand jury information redacted from special counsel Robert Mueller's investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election. (The Wall Street Journal)
24 October 2019 - Special Counsel investigation (2017-2019), Russia investigation origins counter-narrative
U.S. federal prosecutor John Durham's ongoing probe into potential FBI and Justice Department misconduct in the time leading up to the 2016 presidential election through the spring of 2017 is upgraded to a formal criminal investigation. (New York Post)



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Generalissimo Stalin directed every move ... made every decision ... He is the greatest and wisest military genius who ever lived...

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