The Oregon Portal
Oregon ( ORR-ih-g?n) is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho. The parallel 42° north delineates the southern boundary with California and Nevada.
Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before European traders, explorers, and settlers arrived. An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Today, at 98,000 square miles (250,000 km2), Oregon is the ninth largest and, with a population of 4 million, 27th most populous U.S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second most populous city in Oregon, with 169,798 residents. Portland, with 647,805, ranks as the 26th among U.S. cities. The Portland metropolitan area, which also includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 25th largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,453,168.
Oregon is one of the most geographically diverse states in the U.S., marked by volcanoes, abundant bodies of water, dense evergreen and mixed forests, as well as high deserts and semi-arid shrublands. At 11,249 feet (3,429 m), Mount Hood, a stratovolcano, is the state's highest point. Oregon's only national park, Crater Lake National Park, comprises the caldera surrounding Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the United States. The state is also home to the single largest organism in the world, Armillaria ostoyae, a fungus that runs beneath 2,200 acres (8.9 km2) of the Malheur National Forest.
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(Wyam, meaning "echo of falling water" or "sound of water upon the rocks," in several native languages) was a tribal fishing area on the Columbia River
, just east of the Cascade Mountains
, on what is today the border between the U.S. states
. The name refers to a series of cascades and waterfalls on the river, as well as to the native settlements and trading villages that existed there in various configurations for 11,000 years. Celilo was the oldest continuously inhabited community on the North American
continent until 1957, when the falls and nearby settlements were submerged by the construction of The Dalles Dam
. The main waterfall, known variously as Celilo Falls, The Chutes, Great Falls, or Columbia Falls, consisted of three sections: a cataract
, called Horseshoe Falls or Tumwater Falls; a deep eddy, the Cul-de-Sac; and the main channel. These features were formed by the Columbia River's relentless push through basalt narrows
on the final leg of its journey to the Pacific Ocean
. For 11,000 years, native peoples
gathered at Wyam to fish and exchange goods. They built wooden platforms out over the water and caught salmon
with dipnets and long spears on poles as the fish swam up through the rapids and jumped over the falls. Historically, an estimated fifteen to twenty million salmon passed through the falls every year, making it one of the greatest fishing sites in North America.
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Reuben Patrick Boise
(June 9, 1819 – April 10, 1907) was an American
attorney, judge and politician in the Oregon Territory
and the early years of the state of Oregon
. A native of Massachusetts
, he immigrated to Oregon in 1850, where he would twice serve on the Oregon Supreme Court
for a total of 16 years, with three stints as chief justice. He served during both the territorial period and after statehood. Early in his legal career, he worked as a district attorney. A Democrat, Boise was a member of the Oregon Constitutional Convention
in 1857, served in the Territorial Legislature, and helped to codify the laws of the Oregon Territory
. He also served as a circuit court judge, and was a trustee at several colleges. In addition to his legal career, he was proponent of education and served on the boards of several schools in the Willamette Valley
. Educated at Williams College
, he was twice married to women from Massachusetts, and had a total of five children.
Did you know... -
- ... that the Lloyd Baron Rhododendron Garden in Rood Bridge Park (pictured) includes some 550 varieties of rhododendron, the official flower of the city of Hillsboro, Oregon, United States?
- ... that David Logan, onetime mayor of Portland, Oregon, studied law under later U.S. President Abraham Lincoln?
- ... that the Bernard Daly Educational Fund, established in 1922, has provided over 2,000 college scholarships to students from communities in Lake County, Oregon?
- ... that Eugene Linden hitchhiked from Portland, Oregon, to Tacoma, Washington, at age 21 to establish the Tacoma Philharmonic?
In this month
- March 3, 1849, governor Joseph Lane dissolves Provisional Government and implements government of the Oregon Territory.
- March 5, 1949, political reformer William Simon U'Ren dies at the age of 90.
- March 6, 1961, Oregon State College becomes Oregon State University.
- March 20, 1916, the Portland Rosebuds became the first U.S. based ice hockey team to play for the Stanley Cup.
- March 23, 1806, the Lewis and Clark Expedition leaves Fort Clatsop near present day Astoria.
- March 25, 1993, the "Spring Break Quake" damages the Oregon State Capitol.
- March 26, 1955, the airliner for Pan Am Flight 845/26 crashes off the Oregon Coast after leaving Portland International Airport.
- March 27, 1939, at the first NCAA basketball tournament, the Oregon Ducks win the first championship.
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Coordinates: 44°00?N 120°30?W / 44°N 120.5°W