Portal:New York City
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Portal:New York City

Introduction

NYC Montage 2014 4 - Jleon.jpg

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, and sports. The city's fast pace defines the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.

Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of which is a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs - Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island - were consolidated into a single city in 1898. The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world.

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The Alma Mater statue
Columbia University in the City of New York, commonly referred to as Columbia University, is an American private Ivy League research university located in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of Upper Manhattan in New York City. It is the oldest institution of higher learning in the State of New York, the fifth oldest in the United States, and one of the country's nine Colonial Colleges founded before the American Revolution. Today the university operates Columbia Global Centers overseas in Amman, Beijing, Istanbul, Paris, Mumbai, Rio de Janeiro, Santiago and Nairobi.

The university was founded in 1754 as King's College by royal charter of George II of Great Britain. It briefly became a state entity, and was renamed Columbia College in 1784. A 1787 charter placed the institution under a private board of trustees. In 1896, the university was renamed Columbia University, and its campus was moved from Madison Avenue to its current location in Morningside Heights, where it occupies more than six city blocks, or 32 acres (13 ha). The university encompasses twenty schools and is affiliated with numerous institutions, including Teachers College, Barnard College, and the Union Theological Seminary, with joint undergraduate programs available through the Jewish Theological Seminary of America as well as the Juilliard School.

Columbia annually administers the Pulitzer Prize. 102 Nobel Prize laureates have been affiliated with the university as students, faculty, or staff. Columbia is second in the world only to Harvard in the number of Nobel Prize winner affiliates. Columbia is one of the fourteen founding members of the Association of American Universities, and was the first school in the United States to grant the M.D. degree. Notable alumni include five Founding Fathers of the United States; nine Justices of the United States Supreme Court; 20 living billionaires; 26 Academy Award winners; and 29 heads of state, including three United States Presidents.

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Grand Central Terminal's Main Concourse
Credit: Diliff

The Main Concourse at Grand Central Terminal is 275 ft (84 m) long, 120 ft (37 m) wide and 125 ft (38 m) high.

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Selected biography

Andy Warhol in 1977
Andrew Warhola (August 6, 1928 - February 22, 1987), known as Andy Warhol, was an American artist and a central figure in the movement known as pop art. After a successful career as a commercial illustrator, Warhol became famous worldwide for his work as a painter, an avant-garde filmmaker, a record producer, an author, and a public figure known for his membership in wildly diverse social circles that included bohemian street people, distinguished intellectuals, Hollywood celebrities and wealthy aristocrats. Warhol's art encompassed many forms of media, including hand drawing, painting, printmaking, photography, silk screening, sculpture, film, and music. He was also a pioneer in computer-generated art using Amiga computers that were introduced in 1984, two years before his death. He founded Interview Magazine and was the author of numerous books, including The Philosophy of Andy Warhol and Popism: The Warhol Sixties. He is also notable as a gay man who lived openly as such before the gay liberation movement. His studio, The Factory, was a famous gathering place that brought together distinguished intellectuals, drag queens, playwrights, Bohemian street people, Hollywood celebrities, and wealthy patrons.

Warhol has been the subject of numerous retrospective exhibitions, books, and feature and documentary films. He coined the widely used expression "15 minutes of fame". Many of his creations are very collectible and highly valuable. The highest price ever paid for a Warhol painting is US$105 million for a 1963 canvas titled "Silver Car Crash (Double Disaster)". A 2009 article in The Economist described Warhol as the "bellwether of the art market". Warhol's works include some of the most expensive paintings ever sold.

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Bertha Heyman

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Harry Houdini in 1899

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The Yankees have played home games in the current Yankee Stadium since 2009.
The New York Yankees are a professional baseball team based in the Bronx, a borough of New York City, New York. Also known as "the Bronx Bombers" and "the Pinstripers", the Yankees play in the East Division of Major League Baseball's (MLB) American League (AL). In its 113 major league seasons, the franchise has won 27 World Series championships, the most of any MLB team and 16 more than the second-place St. Louis Cardinals. The Yankees played home games in Yankee Stadium from 1923 to 2008, except for a stint at Shea Stadium from 1974 to 1975 while Yankee Stadium was undergoing renovations. In 2009, the team moved into a new ballpark, which is also called Yankee Stadium.

One of the American League's eight original members, the club was founded in Baltimore, Maryland as the Baltimore Orioles in 1901, and posted a 68-65 win-loss record in its first season. The franchise moved to New York City in 1903 and became known as the New York Highlanders; in 1913, the team changed its name to the Yankees. From 1920 to 1964, the Yankees were the most successful MLB franchise, winning 20 World Series titles and 29 AL pennants. This period included streaks of four consecutive championships from 1936 to 1939 and five straight titles from 1949 to 1953. The club won back-to-back World Series championships in 1977 and 1978. The Yankees won the World Series again in 1996, and in 1998 began a run of three consecutive Series titles. From 1995 to 2007, the Yankees made the playoffs each year; their 13-season postseason streak was the second-longest in MLB history. After missing the playoffs in 2008, they won another World Series in 2009 and reached the postseason each year from 2010 to 2012, before failing to qualify in 2013. Overall, the Yankees' .568 regular season winning percentage is the highest of any MLB team, and they have the eighth-most regular season wins, behind seven clubs founded in the 19th century.

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New York City topics

History New Amsterdam o Commissioners' Plan o British occupation of New York o Ellis Island o September 11, 2001 o 1993 World Trade Center bombing o 1939 New York World's Fairo 1964 New York World's Fair o Draft rots o Blackout of 1977 o Crown Heights riot o Tammany Hall o Big Apple o NYC transportation o NYC Subway
Geography Manhattan o The Bronx o Brooklyn o Staten Island o Queens o New York Harbor o Hudson River o East River o Upper New York Bay o New York Bay o Lower Manhattan o Midtown Manhattan o Upper Manhattan o Long Island Sound o Bronx Kill o The Narrows o Newark Bay o Jamaica Bay
Buildings Empire State Building o Chrysler Building o World Trade Center o Grand Central Terminal o Madison Square Garden o Yankee Stadium o Citi Field o Times Square o South Street Seaport o Statue of Liberty o Headquarters of the United Nations o St. Patrick's Cathedral o Radio City Music Hall o One World Trade Center o Rockefeller Center o Cathedral of St. John the Divine o Lever House o Carnegie Hall o Gracie Mansion o City Hall o Plaza Hotel o Macy's o Penn Station o Condé Nast Building o Citigroup Center o MetLife Building o Woolworth Building o Trump Tower o Flatiron Building o 30 Rockefeller Plaza o 28 Liberty Street o Goldman Sachs Building o Waldorf Astoria New York
Transport New York City Subway o IRT o BMT o IND o Staten Island Ferry o NYC Ferry o Yellow taxis o Green taxis o AirTrain JFK o AirTrain Newark o JFK Airport o LaGuardia Airport o Newark Liberty International Airport o Port Authority o NJ Transit o MTA o Staten Island Railway o PATH o Triborough Bridge o Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel o Queens-Midtown Tunnel o Bronx-Whitestone Bridge o Throgs Neck Bridge o Holland Tunnel o Lincoln Tunnel o George Washington Bridge o Williamsburg Bridge o Manhattan Bridge o Brooklyn Bridge o Pulaski Skyway o Teterboro Airport o New Jersey Turnpike
Economy New York Stock Exchange o Wall Street o Port Newark-Elizabeth o NASDAQ o NYSE American o New York Mercantile Exchange o New York Board of Trade o Madison Avenue o Fifth Avenue
Education New York University o Columbia University o CUNY o Cooper Union o FIT o Fordham University o The New School o Juilliard o Pace University o Pratt Institute o SVA o Manhattan College o St. John's University
Civic Mayor o NYPD o FDNY o NYCEM o City Council o Civil Court o Criminal Court o Supreme Court o Appellate Division o Transit Authority o Transit Police o Highway Patrol o Auxiliary Police o Department of Parks and Recreation
Culture Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade o Mets o Yankees o Museum Mile o The Cloisters o Whitney Museum o Metropolitan Museum of Art o International Center of Photography o New York Public Library o Queens Public Library o Brooklyn Public Library o Lincoln Center o New York Hall of Science
Parks and grounds Central Park o Bronx Zoo o New York Botanical Garden o Coney Island o Flushing Meadows o Battery Park o Prospect Park o Riverside Park o Pelham Bay Park o Greenbelt o Highbridge Park o Bowling Green o High Line o Liberty State o Inwood Hill Park
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