Welcome to the Malaysia portal / Selamat datang
( Malaysia ; m?- LAY-zee-?, -zh? Malay: ) is a country in [m?lejsi?] Southeast Asia. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of thirteen states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo's East Malaysia. Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital and largest city while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government. With a population of over 32 million, Malaysia is the world's 43rd-most populous country. The southernmost point of continental Eurasia is in Tanjung Piai. In the tropics, Malaysia is one of 17 megadiverse countries, home to a number of endemic species.
Malaysia has its origins in the Malay kingdoms which, from the 18th century, became subject to the
British Empire, along with the British Straits Settlements protectorate. Peninsular Malaysia was unified as the Malayan Union in 1946. Malaya was restructured as the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and achieved independence on 31 August 1957. Malaya united with North Borneo, Sarawak, and Singapore on 16 September 1963 to become Malaysia. In 1965, Singapore was expelled from the federation.
The country is
multi-ethnic and multi-cultural, which has a significant effect on its politics. About half the population is ethnically Malay, with minorities of Chinese, Indians, and indigenous peoples. The country's official language is Malaysian, a standard form of the Malay language. English remains an active second language. While recognising Islam as the country's established religion, the constitution grants freedom of religion to non-Muslims. The government is modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system and the legal system is based on common law. The head of state is an elected monarch, chosen from among the nine state sultans every five years. The head of government is the Prime Minister.
After independence, the Malaysian
GDP grew at an average of 6.5% per annum for almost 50 years. The economy has traditionally been fuelled by its natural resources but is expanding in the sectors of science, tourism, commerce and medical tourism. Malaysia has a newly industrialised market economy, ranked third-largest in Southeast Asia and 33rd-largest in the world. It is a founding member of ASEAN, EAS, OIC and a member of APEC, the Commonwealth and the Non-Aligned Movement. ( )
Selected article -
at Fort Cornwallis, George Town, Penang, Malaysia
is a 17th-century Dutch cannon displayed at Seri Rambai Fort Cornwallis in George Town, the capital city of the Malaysian state of Penang and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the largest bronze gun in Malaysia, a fertility symbol and the subject of legends and prophecy.
The cannon's history in the
began in the early 1600s, when
Dutch East India Company
officers gave it to the
Sultan of Johor
in return for trading concessions. In 1613, the
Sultanate of Aceh
attacked and destroyed
, captured the sultan, and took
. Near the end of the eighteenth century the cannon was sent by Aceh to
and mounted next to one of the town's hilltop forts. In 1871, the
British colonial government
launched an attack on the town in retaliation to a
attack, destroying the forts and confiscating the
General images -
The following are images from various Malaysia-related articles on Wikipedia.
Dataran Merdeka (Independence Square) in Kuala Lumpur, where Malaysians celebrate Independence Day on 31 August each year.
Peninsular Malaysia Precipitation Map on December 2004 showing heavy precipitation on the east coast, causing floods there.
The Buddha-Gupta stone, dating to the 4th-5th century CE, was dedicated by an Indian Merchant, Buddha Gupta, as an expression of gratitude for his safe arrival after a voyage to the Malay peninsula. It was found in Seberang Perai, Malaysia and is kept in the National Museum, Calcutta, India.
Indosphere cultural influence zone of Greater India for transmission of elements of Indian elements such as the honorific titles, naming of people, naming of places, mottos of organisations and educational institutes as well as adoption of Hinduism, Buddhism, Indian architecture, martial arts, Indian music and dance, traditional Indian clothing, and Indian cuisine, a process which has also been aided by the ongoing historic expansion of Indian diaspora.
A view of a river from the anchorage off Sarawak, Borneo,
c. 1800s. Painting from the National Maritime Museum of London.
The discovery of a skull which estimates say is around 40,000 years old on
Niah Caves in Sarawak, has been identified as the earliest evidence for human settlement in Malaysian Borneo. (photo December 1958)
Members of the
Cobbold Commission were formed to conduct a study in the British Borneo territories of Sarawak and Sabah to see whether the two were interested in the idea to form the Federation of Malaysia with Malaya and Singapore.
Kuala Lumpur, a blend of old and new.
Mahathir Mohamad was the leading force in making Malaysia into a major industrial power.
Clockwise from bottom left: beef soup, ketupat (compressed rice cubes), beef
rendang and sayur lodeh
Gasing spinning top at the cultural center Gelanggang Seni
Built in 6th century A.D, Candi Bukit Batu Pahat is the most well-known ancient Hindu temple found in Bujang Valley,
Japanese troops moving through Kuala Lumpur during their advance through Malaya.
Zheng He monument today (seen from the backside), marking his stopover at the city
Avalokiteshvara statue found in Perak, 8th-9th century bronze.
A traditional house being built in
Anti-ICERD rally that was held in Kuala Lumpur on 8 December 2018.
The topography of Malaysian Borneo.
Comparison of Malay language, Jawi writing, and Khat Calligraphy with other Languages
, the Malaysian national monument is dedicated to those who fell during World War II and the Malayan Emergency.
Select [?] to view subcategories Wiki Loves Malaysia
For more images from Malaysia, see the following categories at Wikimedia Commons:
Things you can do Topics
Kuala Lumpur Seberang Perai
Federal Territories 1,588,750
Negeri Sembilan 515,490