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For a topical guide of this subject, see Outline of linguistics

Welcome to the Linguistics Portal!

Linguistics is the scientific study of language. It involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context, as well as an analysis of the social, cultural, historical, and political factors that influence language.

Linguists traditionally analyse human language by observing an interplay between sound and meaning. The emergence of historical and evolutionary linguistics has also led to a greater disciplinary focus on how languages change and grow, particularly over an extended period of time.

Macrolinguistic concepts include the study of narrative theory, stylistics, discourse analysis, and semiotics. Microlinguistic concepts, on the other hand, involve the analysis and application of grammar, speech sounds, palaeographic symbols, lexicography, editing, language documentation as well as speech-language pathology (a corrective method to cure phonetic disabilities and disfunctions at the cognitive level).

The earliest activities in the documentation and description of language have been attributed to the 6th-century-BC Indian grammarian Pini who wrote a formal description of the Sanskrit language in his Adhy?y?. Today, modern-day theories on grammar employ many of the principles that were laid down back then. (Full article...)

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A photograph of Noam Chomsky
Chomsky in 2017

Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic, and political activist. Sometimes called "the father of modern linguistics", Chomsky is also a major figure in analytic philosophy, and is one of the founders of the field of cognitive science. He is Laureate Professor of Linguistics at the University of Arizona and Institute Professor Emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and is the author of more than 100 books on topics such as linguistics, war, politics, and mass media. Ideologically, he aligns with anarcho-syndicalism and libertarian socialism. (Full article...)

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The number 605 in Khmer Numerals

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