LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. In use since the 1990s, the term is an adaptation of the initialism LGB, which was used to replace the term gay in reference to the LGBT community beginning in the mid-to-late 1980s. Activists believed that the term gay community did not accurately represent all those to whom it referred.
The initialism has become adopted into the mainstream as an umbrella term for use when labeling topics pertaining to sexuality and gender identity. For example, the LGBT Movement Advancement Project termed community centres, which have services specific to those member of the LGBT community, as "LGBT community centers", in a comprehensive studies of such centres around the United States. The term LGBTQ is advocated for use by The Association of LGBTQ Journalists when referring to topics regarding sexuality and gender identity for use by media in the United States, as well as some other English-speaking countries.
The initialism LGBT is intended to emphasize a diversity of sexuality and gender identity-based cultures. It may be used to refer to anyone who is non-heterosexual or non-cisgender, instead of exclusively to people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. To recognize this inclusion, a popular variant adds the letter Q for those who identify as queer or are questioning their sexual identity; "LGBTQ" has been recorded since 1996. Those who add intersex people to LGBT groups or organizing use an extended initialism LGBTI. The two acronyms are sometimes combined to form the terms LGBTIQ or LGBT+ to encompass spectrums of sexuality and gender. Other, less common variants also exist, motivated by a desire for inclusivity, including those over twice as long which have prompted criticism.
||It is quite simply one of the touchstones of what a liberal society should be: open, tolerant and free of prejudice.
The Swimming Hole
(1884-85) is a painting by Thomas Eakins
. It is perhaps the most famous work by Eakins and considered a masterpiece of American painting. In this work, Eakins took advantage of an exception to the generally prudish Victorian attitude to nudity: swimming naked was widely accepted, and for males was seen as normal, even in public spaces. Eakins was the first American artist to portray swimming in the nude. By the 1970s some American writers were beginning to see Eakins' work, and specifically The Swimming Hole
, as having homoerotic overtones. However, Eakins' (homo-)sexuality has never been conclusively determined.
Federico García Lorca (5 June 1898 - 19 August 1936), one of Spain's most prominent poets to this day, was also a dramatist and theater director. He achieved international recognition as an emblematic member of the Generation of '27. His poetry collections include Canciones ("Songs", 1927) and Romancero Gitano ("Gypsy Ballads", 1928), the latter being his best-known book. García Lorca is thought to be one of the many thousands who were executed by Fascists at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War.
Did you know...
This month's birthdays
- 2 - Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (1882-1944), Greek royalty
- 3 - Gertrude Stein (1874-1946), American expatriate writer
- 3 - Helen Stephens (1918-1994), American sprinter, two-time 1936 Olympic Gold Medalist
- 5 - William S. Burroughs (1914-1997), American novelist and poet
- 6 - Ramón Novarro (1899-1968), Mexican Hollywood actor and sex symbol
- 6 - Anne, Queen of Great Britain (1665-1714), English royalty
- 7 - Mark Tewksbury (1968-), Canadian Olympic swimmer and LGBT rights activist
- 8 - James Dean (1931-1955), American film actor and cultural icon
- 9 - Ari-Pekka Liukkonen (1989-), Finnish swimmer
- 9 - Amy Lowell (1874-1925), American poet
- 10 - Bill Tilden (1893-1953), American tennis player
- 11 - Tammy Baldwin (1962-), American politician and first openly gay U.S. Senator
- 12 - Patricia Field (1941-), American costume designer, stylist & fashion designer.
- 12 - Philip, Prince of Eulenburg (1847-1921), German politician and diplomat
- 12 - George Smitherman (1964-), Canadian politician, former Member of Provincial Parliament (Ontario)
- 16 - John Schlesinger (1926-2003), English film and stage director
- 17 - Peter Karlsson (1966-1995), Swedish hockey player
- 18 - Audre Lorde (1934-1992), American writer and civil rights activist
- 18 - Jillian Michaels (1974-), American personal trainer, TV personality and author
- 19 - Beth Ditto (1981-), American singer-songwriter
- 19 - F. O. Matthiessen (1902-1950), American historian and literary critic
- 20 - William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp (1872-1938), British politician
- 20 - Roy Cohn (1927-1986), American attorney during the McCarthy era
- 20 - John Browne, Baron Browne of Madingley (1948-), English business executive
- 21 - W. H. Auden (1907-1973), Anglo-American poet
- 21 - Hubert de Givenchy (1927-), French fashion designer
- 21 - David Geffen (1943-), American record executive and film producer
- 21 - Anaïs Nin (1903-1977), French writer
- 21 - Ellen Page (1987-), Canadian actress
- 22 - Jane Bowles (1917-1973), American writer and playwright
- 22 - Edna St. Vincent Millay (1892-1950), American poet and playwright
- 26 - Mabel Dodge Luhan (1879-1962), American heiress and patron of the arts
- 26 - Jenna Wolfe (1974-), Jamaican-American anchor/correspondent and fitness expert
- 27 - Libby Davies (1953-), Canadian politician, first openly lesbian Canadian Member of Parliament
- 28 - Stephen Spender (1909-1995), English poet, novelist, and essayist
The following articles and lists have been identified as some of the best produced by the popflock.com resource community: