LGBT (or GLBT) is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. In use since the 1990s, the term is an adaptation of the initialism LGB, which was used to replace the term gay in reference to the LGBT community beginning in the mid-to-late 1980s. Activists believed that the term gay community did not accurately represent all those to whom it referred.
The initialism has become adopted into the mainstream as an umbrella term for use when labeling topics pertaining to sexuality and gender identity. For example, the LGBT Movement Advancement Project termed community centres, which have services specific to those members of the LGBT community, as "LGBT community centers", in a comprehensive studies of such centres around the United States.
The initialism LGBT is intended to emphasize a diversity of sexuality and gender identity-based cultures. It may be used to refer to anyone who is non-heterosexual or non-cisgender, instead of exclusively to people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. To recognize this inclusion, a popular variant adds the letter Q for those who identify as queer or are questioning their sexual identity; LGBTQ has been recorded since 1996. Those who add intersex people to LGBT groups or organizing use an extended initialism LGBTI. The two acronyms are sometimes combined to form the terms LGBTIQ or LGBT+ to encompass spectrums of sexuality and gender. Other, less common variants also exist, motivated by a desire for inclusivity, including those over twice as long which have prompted criticism.
||There is no fucking spirit in the world like in the gay community.
The Warren Cup
, a Roman skyphos (drinking cup) featuring two representations of homoerotic sexual acts. It was most likely commissioned from Greek craftsmen between 1-20 CE.
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This month's birthdays
- 1 - Tim Cook (1960-), American business executive, CEO of Apple Inc.
- 1 - Sophie B. Hawkins (1967-), American singer-songwriter and musician
- 1 - Tom Waddell (1937-1987), American decathlete & physician, founder of the Gay Games
- 2 - k.d. lang (1961-), Canadian singer-songwriter
- 2 - Luchino Visconti (1906-1976), Italian director
- 2 - Darren Young (1979-), American professional wrestler
- 3 - Benvenuto Cellini (1500-1571), Italian sculptor
- 4 - Robert Mapplethorpe (1946-1989), American photographer
- 6 - Michael Cunningham (1952-), American novelist
- 6 - Torben Lund (1950-), Danish politician
- 6 - Philipp, Landgrave of Hesse (1896-1980), German aristocrat
- 7 - Agnès Maltais (1956-), Canadian politician
- 8 - Charles Demuth (1883-1935), American painter
- 9 - Ti-Grace Atkinson (1938-), American radical feminist author and philosopher
- 9 - Marie Dressler (1868-1934), Canadian-American actress
- 10 - Phyllis Lyon (1924-), American feminist and gay rights activist
- 10 - Heather Matarazzo (1982-), American actress
- 12 - Roland Barthes (1915-1980), French literary theorist and philosopher
- 13 - Rosie Jones (1959-), American golfer
- 14 - Adolf Brand (1874-1945), German gay rights advocate
- 14 - Louise Brooks (1906-1985), American dancer and actress
- 14 - Wendy Carlos (1939-), American composer and electronic musician
- 14 - Aaron Copland (1900-1990), American composer, writer and conductor
- 14 - Stefano Gabbana (1962-), Italian fashion designer (Dolce & Gabbana)
- 15 - François Ozon (1967-), French film director and screenwriter
- 16 - Jamie Babbit (1970-), American film director, producer and screenwriter
- 16 - Glenn Burke (1952-1995), American Major League Baseball player
- 17 - Rock Hudson (1925-1985), American actor
- 17 - RuPaul (1960-), American drag queen, TV personality, singer, actor, author and model
- 18 - Christian Siriano (1985-), American fashion designer
- 19 - Jodie Foster (1962-), American actress, film director and producer
- 19 - Clifton Webb (1889-1966), American actor, dancer, and singer
- 19 - Timothy Conigrave (1959-1994), Australian actor, writer and activist
- 20 - Grace Darmond (1893-1963), Canadian-American actress
- 20 - Noel Mewton-Wood (1922-1953), Australian-born concert pianist
- 21 - Cherry Jones (1956-), American actress
- 21 - Laurier LaPierre (1929-2012), Canadian Senator, professor, broadcaster, journalist and author
- 22 - Benjamin Britten (1913-1976), English composer, conductor and pianist
- 22 - André Gide (1869-1951), French writer
- 22 - Billie Jean King (1943-), American former professional tennis player
- 23 - Robin Roberts (1960-), American TV broadcaster
- 25 - Rosa von Praunheim (1942-), German film director and gay rights activist
- 26 - John Amaechi (1970-), English retired basketball player
- 26 - Tammy Lynn Michaels (1974-), American actress
- 27 - Jani Toivola (1977), Finnish politician, actor, and dancer
- 28 - Rita Mae Brown (1944-), American writer and feminist
- 28 - Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632-1687), Italian-born French composer
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