LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. In use since the 1990s, the term is an adaptation of the initialism LGB, which was used to replace the term gay in reference to the LGBT community beginning in the mid-to-late 1980s. Activists believed that the term gay community did not accurately represent all those to whom it referred.
The initialism has become mainstream as a self-designation; it has been adopted by the majority of sexuality and gender identity-based community centers and media in the United States, as well as some other English-speaking countries.
The initialism LGBT is intended to emphasize a diversity of sexuality and gender identity-based cultures. It may be used to refer to anyone who is non-heterosexual or non-cisgender, instead of exclusively to people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender.
To recognize this inclusion, a popular variant adds the letter Q for those who identify as queer or are questioning their sexual identity; LGBTQ has been recorded since 1996. Those who add intersex people to LGBT groups or organizing use an extended initialism LGBTI. Some people combine the two acronyms and use the term LGBTIQ. Others use LGBT+ to encompass spectrums of sexuality and gender. Other, less common variants also exist, motivated by a desire for inclusivity. Some are over twice as long and have prompted criticism.
||If homosexuality is a disease, let's all call in queer to work: "Hello. Can't work today, still queer".
U.S. president Jimmy Carter with Andy Warhol
in 1977. Warhol was famous worldwide for his work as a painter, an avant-garde filmmaker, a record producer, an author and a public figure. He was one of the first major U.S. artists to be open about being gay.
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This month's birthdays
- 1 - Yves Saint Laurent (1936-2008), French fashion designer
- 2 - James Baldwin (1924-1987), American novelist
- 4 - Walter Pater (1839-1894), English essayist and art critic
- 4 - Marcus Urban (1971-), German footballer and diversity adviser
- 4 - Rudi van Dantzig (1933-2012), Dutch choreographer, ballet dancer, and writer
- 4 - Sapphire (1950-), American author & performance poet
- 5 - Heward Grafftey (1928-2010), Canadian politician and business executive
- 6 - Jim McGreevey (1957-), American seminarian & politician, former Governor of New Jersey (2002-2004)
- 6 - Carole Pope (1950-), Canadian rock singer-songwriter
- 6 - Andy Warhol (1928-1987), American painter, printmaker, and filmmaker
- 8 - Michael Urie (1980-), American actor, television producer, and director
- 9 - Michael Kors (1959-), American fashion designer
- 10 - Andrew Sullivan (1963-), English author and political commentator
- 11 - Angus Wilson (1913-1991), English novelist and short story writer
- 12 - Gladys Bentley (1907-1960), American blues singer
- 12 - Cara Delevingne (1992-), English model and actress
- 12 - Merikukka Forsius (1972-), Finnish politician
- 12 - Radclyffe Hall (1880-1943), English writer and poet
- 13 - Domenico Dolce (1958-), Italian fashion designer (Dolce & Gabbana)
- 13 - Gluck (1895-1978), English painter
- 13 - Herb Ritts (1952-2002), American fashion photographer
- 13 - Sam Champion (1961-), American TV personality and weather anchor
- 13 - Andrea Gibson (1975-), American spoken word poet
- 14 - Jill Bennett (1975-), American actress
- 14 - Horst P. Horst (1906-1999), German-American fashion photographer
- 14 - Mark Pocan (1964-), American Democratic congressman (Wisconsin)
- 18 - Marcel Carné (1906-1996), French film director
- 19 - Malcolm Forbes (1919-1990), American magazine publisher
- 19 - Renée Richards (1934-), American ophthalmologist, author and former professional tennis player
- 20 - Maria Louise Pool (1841-1898), American writer
- 21 - Luisa Isabel Álvarez de Toledo, 21st Duchess of Medina Sidonia (1936-2008), Spanish aristocrat
- 21 - Miguel Vale de Almeida (1960-), Portuguese anthropologist, LGBT activist, professor, and politician
- 24 - Stephen Fry (1957-), English actor, screenwriter, comedian, and television presenter
- 24 - Marsha P. Johnson (August 24, 1945 - July 6, 1992) Gay Liberation Activist
- 25 - Ludwig II of Bavaria (1845-1886), King of Bavaria
- 25 - Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990), American conductor, composer, music lecturer, and pianist
- 26 - Christopher Isherwood (1904-1986), English novelist
- 27 - Tom Ford (1961-), American fashion designer and film director
- 28 - Nancy Kulp (1921-1991), American actress
- 29 - Jean Lorrain (1855-1906), French poet, novelist, and dandy
- 29 - Meshell Ndegeocello (1968-), American singer-songwriter, rapper and musician
- 29 - Jeanette Winterson (1957-), English writer, broadcaster and activist
- 31 - Alex Blackwell (1983-), Australian cricketer
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