Portal:Islam
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Portal:Islam
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Welcome to... Al-Islam Portal
A portal for Wikipedia's Islam-related resources.
30,456 articles in English.

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Introduction

Islam (; Arabic: ?‎, romanizedal-'Isl?m, [?s'la:m] "submission [to God]") is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah) and that Muhammad is a messenger of God. It is the world's second-largest religion with 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the world's population, known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 49 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique, and has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures, and natural signs. The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran, believed to be the verbatim word of God, as well as the teachings and normative examples (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (c. 570 - 632 CE).

Muslims believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets, including Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Muslims consider the Quran in Arabic to be the unaltered and final revelation of God. Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam also teaches a final judgment with the righteous rewarded in paradise and the unrighteous punished in hell. Religious concepts and practices include the Five Pillars of Islam, which are obligatory acts of worship, as well as following Islamic law (sharia), which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, from banking and welfare to women and the environment. The cities of Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem are home to the three holiest sites in Islam.

From a historical point of view, Islam originated in the early 7th century CE Arabian Peninsula, in Mecca, and by the 8th century, the Umayyad Caliphate extended from Iberia in the west to the Indus River in the east. The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 13th century, during the Abbasid Caliphate, when much of the historically Muslim world was experiencing a scientific, economic, and cultural flourishing. The expansion of the Muslim world involved various caliphates and states such as the Ottoman Empire, trade, and conversion to Islam by missionary activities (dawah). Read more...

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Islam in the news

23 September 2020 - Second Libyan Civil War
Eastern-based forces of Khalifa Haftar's Libyan National Army (LNA) say they have killed Abu Moaz al-Iraqi, leader of ISIL in Libya, in the desert city of Sebha. (Reuters)
17 September 2020 - Insurgency in the Maghreb
The Islamic State's West Africa Province claims responsibility for last month's attack in Kouré, Niger, which resulted in the death of six French aid workers and two Nigerian citizens. (Reuters)
15 September 2020 - Insurgency in Cabo Delgado
A woman is killed in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique, by soldiers accusing her of being an Islamic State-linked group militant. A soldier beat her with a stick several times before the rest of the group was ordered to "kill her on the side of the road" and shoot her. The murder is condemned by human rights groups, while authorities promise an investigation. (BBC)
13 September 2020 - Islamic terrorism in Europe
A Portuguese man is stabbed to death during a suspected jihadist attack in Morges, Switzerland. The suspect behind the attack had been known to the Federal Intelligence Service since 2017 for dissemination of jihadist propaganda and was arrested in April 2019 following an arson attack. (Swissinfo)
11 September 2020 - Iraqi insurgency (2017-present)
Security forces kill at least four leaders from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Samarra District, Iraq. (National Iraqi News Agency)

Selected biography

Sai Baba of Shirdi
Sai Baba of Shirdi (unknown circa 1835 - October 15, 1918), also known as Shirdi Sai Baba, was an Indian guru, yogi and fakir who is regarded by his Hindu and Muslim followers as a saint. Some of his Hindu devotees believe that he was an incarnation of Shiva or Dattatreya, and he was regarded as a satguru and an incarnation of Kabir. The name 'Sai Baba' is a combination of Persian and Indian origin; S (Sa'ih) is the Persian term for "holy one" or "saint", usually attributed to Islamic ascetics, whereas B?b? is a word meaning "father" used in Indian languages. The appellative thus refers to Sai Baba as being a "holy father" or "saintly father". His parentage, birth details, and life before the age of sixteen are obscure, which has led to a variety of speculations and theories attempting to explain Sai Baba's origins. In his life and teachings he tried to reconcile Hinduism and Islam: Sai Baba lived in a mosque, was buried in a Hindu temple, practised Hindu and Muslim rituals, and taught using words and figures that drew from both traditions. One of his well known epigrams says of God: "Sabka Malik Ek" ("One God governs all").


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Hasan ibn Ali
I wonder at those who think about their body's food, but do not think about their soul's food. They keep away disturbing food from their belly, but fill up their hearts with destructive subjects.

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