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Islam (; Arabic: ‎, romanizedal-Isl?m [als'la:m] ) is an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah), and that Muhammad is a messenger of God. It is the world's second-largest religion with over 1.9 billion followers or 24.4% of the world's population, commonly known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique, and has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs. The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran, believed to be the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative examples (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (c. 570 - 8 June 632 CE).

Muslims believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets including Adam, Abraham, Moses and Jesus, and the Quran in its Arabic to be the unaltered and final revelation of God. Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam also teaches a final judgment with the righteous rewarded in paradise and unrighteous punished in hell. Religious concepts and practices include the Five Pillars of Islam, which are obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law (sharia), which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, from banking and welfare to women and the environment. The cities of Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem are home to the three holiest sites in Islam.

Aside from the theological narrative, Islam is historically believed to have originated in the early 7th century CE in Mecca, and by the 8th century the Umayyad Caliphate extended from Iberia in the west to the Indus River in the east. The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 13th century, during the Abbasid Caliphate, when much of the historically Muslim world was experiencing a scientific, economic and cultural flourishing. The expansion of the Muslim world involved various states and dynasties such as the Ottoman Empire, trade and conversion to Islam by missionary activities (dawah). Read more...

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Islam in the news

7 December 2019 - 2019 Iraqi protests
A drone attacks the home of prominent Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, leaving no casualties and causing minimal damages. The attack follows a shooting against protestors in Baghdad yesterday. (Reuters)
7 December 2019 -
Myanmar's Aung San Suu Kyi travels to The Hague where she is expected to face genocide charges against her government for the alleged crimes committed against the Rohingya Muslim minority, in what is described as one of the most-high profile international legal cases in a generation. (Telegraph)
6 December 2019 - Terrorism in Kenya
At least ten people including seven Kenyan police are killed when armed gunmen ambush a bus in Kotulo, Kenya. Police suspect the Somalian Islamist group Al-Shabaab is behind the attack. (Reuters) (Al Jazeera)
6 December 2019 - Allied Democratic Forces insurgency
Islamists kill 17 civilians in two attacks in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. (Reuters)
4 December 2019 - Syrian Civil War, Iran-Israel proxy conflict
An Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps weapons depot in Abu Kamal District, Deir ez-Zor Governorate, Syria, is hit by an airstrike. Arab media say Israel is behind the attack. The United States denies any involvement. (Ynet) (Haaretz)

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The name Muhammad written in Classic Calligraphy
Muhammad ibn 'Abdull?h ; also spelled Mohammed or Muhammed) (ca. 570 Mecca - June 8, 632 Medina), is the central human figure of the religion of Islam and is regarded by Muslims as a messenger and prophet of God (Arabic: ? All?h), the last and the greatest law-bearer in a series of prophets of Islam. Muslims consider him the restorer of the uncorrupted original monotheistic faith (isl?m) of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Noah, Jesus and other prophets of Islam. He was also active as a diplomat, merchant, philosopher, orator, legislator, reformer, military general, and, according to Muslim belief, an agent of divine action. Born in 570 CE in the Arabian city of Mecca, he was orphaned at a young age and brought up under the care of his uncle. He later worked mostly as a merchant, as well as a shepherd, and was first married by age 25. Discontented with life in Mecca, he retreated to a cave in the surrounding mountains for meditation and reflection. According to Islamic beliefs it was here, at age 40, in the month of Ramadan, where he received his first revelation from God. Three years after this event Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that "God is One", that complete "surrender" to Him (lit. isl?m) is the only way (d?n) acceptable to God, and that he himself was a prophet and messenger of God, in the same vein as other Islamic prophets.

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Ali Zayn al-Abidin
If people realize the value of science and knowledge, they will sacrifice themselves for earning it.


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