Get Portal:Iran essential facts below. View Videos or join the Portal:Iran discussion. Add Portal:Iran to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.

The Iran Portal

Welcome to Iran's Portal

Iran, (Persian: ‎, ?r?n; pronunciation: [i:'n]), officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: ‎, transliteration: Jomh?r?-ye Esl?m?-ye ?r?n), formerly known internationally as Persia, is a country in Western Asia. The 18th largest country in the world, Iran is approximately the size of the United Kingdom, France, Spain, and Germany combined and has a population of over 82 million people. Iran borders Armenia, Azerbaijan, to the north-west, Russia and Kazakhstan through the Caspian Sea to the north, Turkmenistan to the north-east, Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east, and Turkey and Iraq to the west. In addition, it borders the Persian Gulf, an important oil-producing area, and the Caspian sea. Shi'a Islam is the official state religion and Persian the official language. The political system of Iran comprises several intricately connected governing bodies and is based on the 1979 Constitution. The highest state authority is the Supreme Leader, currently served by Ali Khamenei.

Iran has one of the oldest histories in the world, extending more than 5000 years, and throughout history, Iran has been of geostrategic importance because of its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia. Iran is a founding member of the UN, NAM, OIC, OPEC, and ECO. Iran as a major regional power occupies an important position in the world economy due to its substantial reserves of petroleum and natural gas, and has considerable regional influence in Western Asia. The name Iran is a cognate of Aryan and literally means "Land of the Aryans."

Selected article

A saffron crocus flower with red stigmas

Saffron is a spice derived from the flower of the saffron crocus, a species of crocus in the family Iridaceae. The flower has three stigmas, which are the distal ends of the plant's carpels. Together with its style, the stalk connecting the stigmas to the rest of the plant, these components are often dried and used in cooking as a seasoning and colouring agent. Saffron, which has for decades been the world's most expensive spice by weight, was first cultivated in the vicinity of Greece. Saffron is characterised by a bitter taste and an iodoform- or hay-like fragrance; these are caused by the chemicals picrocrocin and safranal. It also contains a carotenoid dye, crocin, that gives food a rich golden-yellow hue. These qualities make saffron a much sought-after ingredient in many foods worldwide. Saffron also has medicinal applications. The word saffron originated from the 12th century Old French term safran, which derives from the Latin word safranum.

Selected picture

Reproduction of drawing on a pottery vessel found in Shahr-e Sookhteh
Credit: Emesik

Five images sequence from a vase animation found in Shahr-e Sukhteh, Iran.

In this month

  • June 21, 1978 - 1978 Iranian Chinook shootdown: Iranian helicopters stray into Soviet airspace and are shot down.
  • June 28, 1987 - Iraqi warplanes dropped mustard gas bombs on the Iranian town of Sardasht in two separate bombing rounds, on four residential areas. This was the first time a civilian town was targeted by chemical weapons.


Selected biography

Abbas Kiarostami
Abbas Kiarostami (1940-2016) was an internationally acclaimed Iranian film director, screenwriter, photographer and film producer. An active filmmaker since 1970, Kiarostami had been involved in over forty films, including shorts and documentaries. Kiarostami attained critical acclaim for directing the Koker Trilogy (1987-94), Taste of Cherry (1997), and The Wind Will Carry Us (1999). Kiarostami has worked extensively as a screenwriter, film editor, art director and producer and has designed credit titles and publicity material. He is also a poet, photographer, painter, illustrator, and graphic designer. Kiarostami is part of a generation of filmmakers in the Iranian New Wave, a Persian cinema movement that started in the late 1960s and includes pioneering directors such as Forough Farrokhzad, Sohrab Shahid Saless, Mohsen Makhmalbaf, Bahram Beizai, and Parviz Kimiavi. These filmmakers share many common techniques including the use of poetic dialogue and allegorical storytelling dealing with political and philosophical issues. Kiarostami has a reputation for using child protagonists, for documentary style narrative films, for stories that take place in rural villages, and for conversations that unfold inside cars, using stationary mounted cameras.

In the news

Wikinews Iran portal
Read and edit Wikinews
4 June 2020 - Iran-United States relations
U.S. Navy veteran Michael R. White is released from Iranian custody. White was under house arrest for nearly two years and is now en-route to Zurich, Switzerland. (Al Jazeera)
24 May 2020 - Iran-Venezuela relations
The first of five Iranian tankers en route to Venezuela to deliver fuel enters Venezuelan territorial waters, after being escorted by the Venezuelan Air Force and Navy. Both Iran and Venezuela warned the United States not to interfere with the delivery. (BBC)
21 May 2020 - European migrant crisis
The European Court of Justice rules that Hungarian authorities circumvented EU law by holding Afghan and Iranian asylum seekers in unlawful detention at a camp near the Serbian border. (DW)
16 May 2020 -
A court in Iran sentences French-Iranian academic Fariba Adelkhah to six years in prison for breaching national security laws. Her lawyer said he would appeal against the verdict. (Al Jazeera)
10 May 2020 -
Iran says an anti-ship missile fired during a training exercise in the Gulf of Oman struck its naval support ship Konarak, killing 19 sailors and wounding 15 others onboard the vessel. (The Guardian)
10 May 2020 - Iran-United States relations
Iranian government spokesman Ali Rabiei says that Iran is prepared for a full prisoner exchange with the United States but that the American authorities had not yet responded. The swap could include Iranian university professor Sirous Asgari who is in U.S. custody and Michael R. White, a U.S. Navy veteran in Iranian custody. (Al Jazeera)

Did you know...

Did you know?
  • ...that popflock.com resource has lots articles about Persian Kings?

Selected quote

Marjane Satrapi
Our country was very rich and Iranians were considered rich, educated people. You had a real intellectual elite in Iran then.
-- Marjane Satrapi, renowned novelist and film director.


Featured content

Featured article star.png

Featured articles

Featured lists

Featured pictures


Things you can do

Things you can do

Related portals

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Study Guides





Learning resources

Travel guides





  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes