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Indonesia ( IN-d?-NEE-zh?, -zee-?; Indonesian: [?ndone'sia]), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [r?publik ?ndone'sia]),[lacks stress] is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than thirteen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, contains more than half of the country's population.

Indonesia's republican form of government includes an elected parliament and president. Indonesia has 34 provinces, of which five have special status. Its capital is Jakarta, which is the second most populous urban area in the world. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support a high level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper and gold. Agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber. Indonesia's major trading partners are China, the United States, Japan, Singapore and India.

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Orang Utan, Semenggok Forest Reserve, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia crop.JPG

The orangutans are the two exclusively Asian species of extant great apes. Native to Indonesia and Malaysia, orangutans are currently found only in the rainforests of Borneo and Sumatra. Orangutans were considered to be one species until 1996. The orangutans are the only surviving species of the subfamily Ponginae. Orangutans are the most arboreal great apes and spend most of their time in trees. Their hair is typically reddish-brown, and males and females differ in size and appearance. Social bonds occur primarily between mothers and their dependent offspring. Fruit is the most important component of an orangutan's diet. Both orangutan species are considered to be Endangered. Threats to wild orangutan populations include poaching, habitat destruction and the illegal pet trade. There are several conservation and rehabilitation organisations dedicated to the survival of orangutans in the wild. (Read more...)

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Dian David Michael Jacobs (born 1977), commonly referred to as David Jacobs, is an Indonesian athlete who competes in table tennis, currently Class 10 Paralympic table tennis. Born in Ujung Pandang (now Makassar), Indonesia, he took up table tennis at the age of ten and rose quickly through national tournaments, receiving much of his training in the national capital of Jakarta, although other training was obtained in Beijing. By 2000 he training to play internationally, and in 2001 he won his first gold medal, at the SEATTA Games in Singapore. Since 2010 he has competed in Paralympic table tennis, having spent most of his career competing against athletes with full functionality. He competed for Indonesia in the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London, winning a bronze medal. (Read more...)

Did you know

Sam Poo Kong

  • ... that Muslims and followers of Chinese religious traditions pray together at Sam Poo Kong (pictured), the oldest Chinese temple in Semarang?
  • ... that Indonesian songwriter Dewiq was without Pay for three years before telling the public?
  • ... that shrimp, seaweed, and milkfish are found in Indonesia's Bone?

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