Indonesia ( IN-d?-NEE-zh?, -zee-?; Indonesian: [?ndonesia]), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [r?publik ?ndonesia]), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania. Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans, it is the world's largest island country, with more than thirteen thousand islands. At 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), Indonesia is the world's 14th largest country in terms of land area and the 7th largest in terms of combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Austronesian and Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, contains more than half of the country's population.
Indonesia's republican form of government includes an elected parliament and president. Indonesia has 34 provinces, of which five have special status. Its capital is Jakarta, which is the second most populous urban area in the world. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support a high level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper and gold. Agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber. Indonesia's major trading partners are China, United States, Japan, Singapore and India.
The orangutans are the two exclusively Asian species of extant great apes. Native to Indonesia and Malaysia, orangutans are currently found only in the rainforests of Borneo and Sumatra. Orangutans were considered to be one species until 1996. The orangutans are the only surviving species of the subfamily Ponginae. Orangutans are the most arboreal great apes and spend most of their time in trees. Their hair is typically reddish-brown, and males and females differ in size and appearance. Social bonds occur primarily between mothers and their dependent offspring. Fruit is the most important component of an orangutan's diet. Both orangutan species are considered to be Endangered. Threats to wild orangutan populations include poaching, habitat destruction and the illegal pet trade. There are several conservation and rehabilitation organisations dedicated to the survival of orangutans in the wild. (Read more...)
Kekal is a heavy metal band formed in 1995 in Jakarta, Indonesia. Kekal was one of the first heavy metal bands from Indonesia to make international inroads and one of the few extreme metal bands from Southeast Asia to ever make more than a minimal impression on the global scene. The band underwent some shifts in lineup in its early years, but emerged with a consistent lineup of three key-members, guitarist/vocalist Jeff Arwadi, bassist Azhar Levi Sianturi, and guitarist Leo Setiawan. Frequently labeled as black metal, progressive metal, and avant-garde metal, Kekal plays a very diverse style of extreme metal and hard rock, incorporating many other music genres such as ambient, electronic, jazz fusion, and progressive rock. The band has released eight full length studio albums, as well as numerous other works. As of 2009, all key members have officially left Kekal, but continue to contribute material. (Read more...)
Did you know
- ... that one can be fined Rp. 100 million for willfully damaging Cultural Properties of Indonesia, such as Prambanan (complex pictured)?
- ... that in Madura there is a traditional bull race in which a young boy jockey sits in a simple wooden sled pulled by a pair of bulls?
- ... that Dairi farms in Indonesia produce coffee, corn, and fish?
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