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The Florida Portal

Florida (, Spanish pronunciation: [flo'?iða]) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. With a population of over 21 million, Florida is the third-most populous and the 22nd-most extensive of the 50 United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. The state's capital is Tallahassee and its most populous municipality is Jacksonville. The Miami metropolitan area, with a population of almost 6.2 million, is the most populous urban area in Florida and the seventh-most populous in the United States. Other urban areas in the state with a population of more than one million are Tampa Bay, Orlando, and Jacksonville. Florida's $1.0 trillion economy is the fourth-largest of any U.S. state, and if it were a country, Florida would be the 16th-largest economy in the world.

The first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, who called it la Florida ([la flo'?iða] "the land of flowers") upon landing there. At various points in its colonial history, Florida was administered by Spain and Great Britain. Florida was admitted as the 27th state on March 3, 1845. Florida was the principal location of the Seminole Wars (1816 - 1858), the longest and most extensive of Indian Wars in United States history. Florida declared its secession from the Union on January 10, 1861, and was one of the seven original Confederate States. After the Civil War, Florida was restored to the Union on June 25, 1868.

Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues. The state's economy relies mainly on tourism, agriculture, and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century. Florida is also renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, winter vegetables, the Kennedy Space Center, and as a popular destination for retirees. It is the flattest state in the United States, and Lake Okeechobee is its largest freshwater lake.

The state's close proximity to the ocean influences many aspects of Florida culture and daily life. Florida is a reflection of influences and multiple inheritance; African, European, indigenous, Latino, and Asian heritages can be found in the architecture and cuisine. Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Ernest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, and continues to attract celebrities and athletes. It is internationally known for golf, tennis, auto racing, and water sports. Several beaches in Florida have turquoise and emerald-colored coastal waters.

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Dennis 2005-07-10 0410Z.jpg

Hurricane Dennis was an early-forming major hurricane in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico during the record-breaking 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. Dennis was the fourth named storm, second hurricane, and first major hurricane of the season. Forming in July, the hurricane became the strongest Atlantic hurricane ever to form before August at the time, a title it held for only six days before being surpassed by Hurricane Emily.

Dennis made landfall in Cuba twice as a Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson scale and made landfall on the United States' Florida Panhandle as a Category 3 storm, coming less than a year after the devastating Hurricane Ivan. Dennis killed 88 people in total and was responsible for $2.5 billion (2005 USD) in damages to the United States, not counting additional damage in the Caribbean. Read more...

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Kendrick Meek
The people of Florida in 2002 voted and approved class size limits in Florida to make sure that the State pays for smaller class sizes and not local districts


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Ben Hill Griffin, Jr. 1959.jpg
Ben Hill Griffin Jr. (October 20, 1910 - March 1, 1990) was a prominent American businessman, citrus producer, politician, and philanthropist who was a native and resident of Florida. He was an alumnus of the University of Florida, a former legislator, one-time candidate for governor, and a patron of college sports and higher education in Florida. Several of his grandchildren remain active in Florida politics. Griffin is the subject of the final chapter of John McPhee's work of creative nonfiction 'Oranges'. Read more...

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Current events

September 16, 2020 - 2020 Atlantic hurricane season
Hurricane Sally strengthens into a Category 2 hurricane. The storm has forced evacuations and left more than 150,000 people without electricity. It is now expected to make landfall near southeastern Mississippi and the Florida Panhandle. (CNN)
Part of the Pensacola Bay Bridge in Pensacola, Florida, collapses due to a crane falling on it. (USA Today)
September 13, 2020 - Hurricane Sally
Hurricane warnings are issued to multiple locations in Louisiana and Mississippi as Hurricane Sally approaches from the Gulf of Mexico with sustained winds of 50 mph (80 km/h). Flood watches are still in effect in Florida's west coast, including Tampa. (CNN)
September 11, 2020 - Economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Florida
It is announced that bars in South Florida counties such as Miami-Dade and Palm Beach County will remain closed. However, bars in the rest of the state will be allowed to reopen at a 50% capacity. (The Sun-Sentinel) (New York Daily News)
September 7, 2020 - COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Florida

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The following are images from various Florida-related articles on Wikipedia.

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1910 Cuba hurricane o 1928 Okeechobee hurricane o 2012 Budweiser Shootout o American white ibis o Andrew Sledd o Biscayne National Park o Derek Jeter o Draining and development of the Everglades o Ernest Hemingway o Everglades National Park o Falcon's Fury o Florida Atlantic University o Geography and ecology of the Everglades o Gregor MacGregor o Guy Bradley o Hogwarts Express (Universal Orlando Resort) o Hurricane Andrew o Indigenous people of the Everglades region o John F. Bolt o Marjory Stoneman Douglas o Restoration of the Everglades o Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Miami o Rosewood massacre o Sci-Fi Dine-In Theater Restaurant o SheiKra o St. Johns River o Stephen Crane o Turning Point (2008 wrestling) o USS Massachusetts (BB-2) o Walt Disney World Railroad o William Cooley

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List of Florida hurricanes o List of Tampa Bay Rays seasons o List of University of Central Florida alumni o List of birds of Florida o List of counties in Florida o List of governors of Florida o List of invasive species in the Everglades o List of mammals of Florida o List of municipalities in Florida o List of sister cities in Florida o Snow in Florida

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1898 Georgia hurricane o 1928 Florida Gators football team o 1976 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season o 1979 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season o 1986 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season o 1987 Gulf Coast tropical storm o 1987 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season o 1989 Florida's 18th congressional district special election o 1998 Pepsi 400 o 2003 Budweiser Shootout o 2005 TNA Super X Cup Tournament o 2006 Daytona 500 o 2006 Ford 400 o 2008 TNA World X Cup Tournament o 2009 Budweiser Shootout o 2009 Ford 400 o 2010 Cafés do Brasil Indy 300 o 2010 Daytona 500 o 2010 Ford 400 o 2011 Budweiser Shootout o 2011 Daytona 500 o 2011 Gatorade Duels o 2012 Daytona 500 o 2012 Gatorade Duels o 2018 24 Hours of Daytona o Against All Odds (2005) o Albert A. Murphree o Andy Hansen o Apalachee massacre o Apollo 1 o Ashlyn Harris o Battle of Flint River o Bob Turley o Bomis o Bound for Glory (2005) o Burger King o Burger King franchises o Burger King legal issues o Burger King products o Carlos (Calusa) o Caroline Street (Key West) o Casey Donovan (actor) o Catie Ball o Chad Mottola o Chicago Options Associates o Chuck Baldwin 2008 presidential campaign o Climate of Florida o Climate of the Tampa Bay area o Cobra's Curse o Colonial Plaza

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Python (Busch Gardens Tampa Bay) (2020-09-22) o Calvin Royal III (2020-09-20) o Charlotte County Sheriff's Office (2020-08-13) o WNDO (2020-07-01) o Frank Varga (2020-06-15) o WEBY (2020-06-03) o WDWR (2020-06-01) o WNMA (2020-05-13) o Luria's (2020-05-08) o Disappearance of Don Lewis (2020-05-01) o Carole Baskin (2020-04-29) o John Tiedtke (2020-04-20) o Port Charlotte Town Center (2020-04-19) o Amitermes floridensis (2020-03-22) o Mary Helen Johnston (2020-03-11) o WIRK-TV (2020-02-29) o WETV (Florida) (2020-02-08) o 2016 24 Hours of Daytona (2020-01-29) o WZKO (2020-01-25) o 2018 24 Hours of Daytona (2020-01-21) o Cypress Creek Middle High School (2020-01-14) o WFAB (Miami) (2020-01-11) o WHSR (2020-01-09) o WGAG-FM (2019-09-29) o Maggy Hurchalla (2019-09-22) o History of West Palm Beach, Florida (2019-08-24) o Stony coral tissue loss disease (2019-07-27) o Mike Gioulakis (2019-04-20) o Florida shuffle (2019-04-09) o Marjorie Paxson (2019-04-05) o Wayne Messam (2019-03-15) o 2003 Budweiser Shootout (2019-03-05) o Gaspar Jiménez (2019-02-24) o Emilio Milián (2019-02-24) o Steve Swindal (2019-02-15) o 2018 Florida Amendment 4 (2019-02-09) o Steinbrenner family (2019-02-02) o Reticulated siren (2018-12-24) o Agnes Ballard (2018-12-15) o Debbie Mucarsel-Powell (2018-12-12) o 2018 Tallahassee shooting (2018-12-09) o Mako (roller coaster) (2018-10-04) o Colonial Plaza (2018-10-03) o Ybor Stadium (2018-09-06) o Loxahatchee Groves, Florida (2018-08-02) o Bradenton Riverwalk (2018-05-10) o Tyler Kinley (2018-04-29) o 1989 Florida's 18th congressional district special election (2018-04-21) o Murder of Harry and Harriette Moore (2018-04-02) o Nancy Marcus (2018-03-18)

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Cardinal flower in Chetucknee Springs State Park, Columbia Co., Florida USA
Credit: Tim Ross

Lobelia cardinalis (Cardinal Flower) is a species of Lobelia native to the Americas, from southeastern Canada south through the eastern and southwestern United States, Mexico and Central America to northern Colombia.


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  1. ^ "Cuba's most famous food isn't even from Cuba -- or Miami". Matador Network.
  2. ^ "Viva La Cuban Sandwich!". Farmers' Almanac. March 20, 2015.

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