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The Florida Portal

Florida (, Spanish pronunciation: [flo'?i.ða]) is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. Florida is the 22nd-most extensive (65,755 sq mi or 170,300 km2), the 3rd-most populous (21,312,211 inhabitants), and the 8th-most densely populated (384.3/sq mi or 148.4/km2) of the U.S. states. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States. The Miami metropolitan area is Florida's most populous urban area. Tallahassee is the state's capital.

Florida's $1.0 trillion economy is the fourth largest in the United States. If it were a country, Florida would be the 16th largest economy in the world, and the 58th most populous . In 2017, Florida's per capita personal income was $47,684, ranking 26th in the nation. The unemployment rate in September 2018 was 3.5% and ranked as the 18th in the United States. Florida exports nearly $55 billion in goods made in the state, the 8th highest among all states. The Miami Metropolitan Area is by far the largest urban economy in Florida and the 12th largest in the United States with a GDP of $345 billion . This is more than twice the number of the next metro area, the Tampa Bay Area, which has a GDP of $145 billion. Florida is home to 51 of the world's billionaires with most of them residing in South Florida.

The first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, who called it la Florida ([la flo'?iða] "the land of flowers") upon landing there in the Easter season, known in Spanish as Pascua Florida. Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845. It was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Native Americans, and racial segregation after the American Civil War.

Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues. The state's economy relies mainly on tourism, agriculture, and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century. Florida is also renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, winter vegetables, the Kennedy Space Center, and as a popular destination for retirees. Florida is the flattest state in the United States. Lake Okeechobee is the largest freshwater lake in Florida.

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Fort San Carlos de Austria, map from 1699

The Siege of Pensacola was two separate attempts in 1707 by English-supported Creek Indians to capture the town and fortress of Pensacola, one of two major settlements (the other was St. Augustine) in Spanish Florida.

The attacks, part of Queen Anne's War (the North American theater of the War of the Spanish Succession), resulted in the burning of the town, and caused most of its Indian population to flee, although the fort withstood repeated attacks. The battles were primarily fought in the nighttime hours due to the excessive heat of the day. Read more...

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Jeb Bush
Florida is a place of unparalleled diversity of backgrounds, experiences and vision. It makes our culture unique, but it can also make it difficult to define a common identity and create a sense of community that reaches beyond our neighborhoods to all corners of our state


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E. Travis York, Jr. (July 4, 1922 – April 15, 2011) was an American agronomist, professor, university administrator, agricultural extension administrator, and U.S. presidential adviser. York was a native of Alabama, and earned his bachelor's, master's and doctorate degrees in agricultural sciences. He served as the director of the Alabama Cooperative Extension Service, the administrator of the federal Extension Service, the interim president of the University of Florida, and the chancellor of the State University System of Florida. Read more...

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Current events

November 1, 2019 -
A Grumman OV-1 Mohawk crashes at an air show in Stuart, Florida, killing the pilot. (WPTV-TV)
October 23, 2019 - Stoneman Douglas High School shooting, Fort Lauderdale airport shooting
In a special session of the Florida Senate, the chamber voted 25-15 to uphold the suspension of former Broward Sheriff Scott Israel for his agency's response to the mass shootings at both Ft. Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport and Parkland. (WPLG)
October 22, 2019 - Florida International University pedestrian bridge collapse
The National Transportation Safety Board of the United States concludes its investigation into the accident, which killed six and injured ten. It states design errors were the immediate cause, exacerbated by failures to take appropriate remedial action when cracks were discovered. (USA Today)
October 10, 2019 -
Michael Drejka, a 47-year-old white Florida man who shot and killed Markeis McGlockton, an unarmed 28-year-old African American man, in a parking space dispute, is sentenced to 20 years in prison. Drejka had cited Florida's stand-your-ground law in his defense and was not initially charged until the case was handed over to State Attorney Bernie McCabe, who charged Drejka with one count of manslaughter. (ABC News)
October 4, 2019 -
A woman in Florida is arrested and charged with explosives offences after a police raid on her home finds 24 pipe bombs and bomb-making material and several other weapons. She admits constructing the devices to harm people. Police were notified of the problem by the 27-year-old's parents. (CNN)
August 28, 2019 - Hurricane Dorian
Florida Governor Ron DeSantis declares a state of emergency in anticipation of Hurricane Dorian, which is expected to make landfall in the state within days. (WOFL) (The New York Times)

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The following are images from various Florida-related articles on Wikipedia.

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1910 Cuba hurricane o 1928 Okeechobee hurricane o 2012 Budweiser Shootout o American white ibis o Andrew Sledd o Biscayne National Park o Draining and development of the Everglades o Everglades National Park o Florida Atlantic University o Geography and ecology of the Everglades o Gregor MacGregor o Guy Bradley o Hogwarts Express (Universal Orlando Resort) o Hurricane Andrew o Indigenous people of the Everglades region o John F. Bolt o Marjory Stoneman Douglas o Restoration of the Everglades o Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Miami o Rosewood massacre o Sci-Fi Dine-In Theater Restaurant o St. Johns River o Stephen Crane o Turning Point (2008 wrestling) o USS Massachusetts (BB-2) o Walt Disney World Railroad o William Cooley

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List of Florida hurricanes o List of Tampa Bay Rays seasons o List of University of Central Florida alumni o List of birds of Florida o List of counties in Florida o List of governors of Florida o List of invasive species in the Everglades o List of mammals of Florida o List of municipalities in Florida o List of sister cities in Florida o Snow in Florida

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1898 Georgia hurricane o 1928 Florida Gators football team o 1976 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season o 1979 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season o 1986 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season o 1987 Gulf Coast tropical storm o 1987 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season o 1989 Florida's 18th congressional district special election o 1998 Pepsi 400 o 2003 Budweiser Shootout o 2005 TNA Super X Cup Tournament o 2006 Daytona 500 o 2006 Ford 400 o 2008 TNA World X Cup Tournament o 2009 Budweiser Shootout o 2009 Ford 400 o 2010 Cafés do Brasil Indy 300 o 2010 Ford 400 o 2011 Budweiser Shootout o 2011 Daytona 500 o 2011 Gatorade Duels o 2012 Daytona 500 o 2012 Gatorade Duels o Against All Odds (2005) o Albert A. Murphree o Andy Hansen o Apalachee massacre o Apollo 1 o Ashlyn Harris o Battle of Flint River o Bob Turley o Bomis o Bound for Glory (2005) o Burger King o Burger King franchises o Burger King legal issues o Burger King products o Caroline Street (Key West) o Casey Donovan (actor) o Catie Ball o Chad Mottola o Chicago Options Associates o Chuck Baldwin 2008 presidential campaign o Climate of Florida o Climate of the Tampa Bay area o Cobra's Curse o Colonial Plaza o Cool Hand Luke o Coral Springs, Florida o Danny Valencia

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WGAG-FM (2019-09-29) o Maggy Hurchalla (2019-09-22) o History of West Palm Beach, Florida (2019-08-24) o Stony coral tissue loss disease (2019-07-27) o Mike Gioulakis (2019-04-20) o Florida shuffle (2019-04-09) o Marjorie Paxson (2019-04-05) o Wayne Messam (2019-03-15) o 2003 Budweiser Shootout (2019-03-05) o Gaspar Jiménez (2019-02-24) o Emilio Milián (2019-02-24) o Steve Swindal (2019-02-15) o 2018 Florida Amendment 4 (2019-02-09) o Steinbrenner family (2019-02-02) o Reticulated siren (2018-12-24) o Agnes Ballard (2018-12-15) o Debbie Mucarsel-Powell (2018-12-12) o Tallahassee shooting (2018-12-09) o Mako (SeaWorld Orlando) (2018-10-04) o Colonial Plaza (2018-10-03) o Ybor Stadium (2018-09-06) o Loxahatchee Groves, Florida (2018-08-02) o Bradenton Riverwalk (2018-05-10) o Tyler Kinley (2018-04-29) o 1989 Florida's 18th congressional district special election (2018-04-21) o Murder of Harry and Harriette Moore (2018-04-02) o Nancy Marcus (2018-03-18) o Savannah Jordan (2018-02-03) o Ochlockonee River State Park (2018-01-19) o Marvin Pipkin (2018-01-19) o Orchard Pond Parkway (2018-01-15) o Loggerhead Key (2017-10-18) o Reid Moore Jr. (2017-09-12) o John W. Martin (2017-08-22) o Disappearance of Tiffany Daniels (2017-08-12) o Frank J. Canova (2017-07-20) o Tomahawk chop (2017-06-04) o The Visionary (2017-05-30) o 1966 Miami Dolphins season (2017-05-28) o Maurice S. Osser (2017-05-15) o Monument of States (2017-04-10) o Detachment Hotel (2017-03-07) o Henry L. Reaves (2017-02-16) o 2000 Miami Dolphins season (2017-02-15) o Walt Disney World Railroad (2017-01-27) o Merian C. Cooper (2016-12-08) o Stephanie Murphy (2016-12-06) o Wink Groover (2016-11-29) o Ecology Party of Florida (2016-11-10) o 1970 United States Senate election in Florida (2016-11-04)

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Tampa, Florida

Tampa is a United States city in Hillsborough County, on the west coast of Florida. It serves as the county seat for Hillsborough County. The population of Tampa in 2000 was 303,447. According to the 2006 Census estimate, the city has a population of 332,888.


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  1. ^ "Cuba's most famous food isn't even from Cuba -- or Miami". Matador Network.
  2. ^ "Viva La Cuban Sandwich!". Farmers' Almanac. March 20, 2015.

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