Joseph Roland "Joe" Barbera
);(March 24, 1911 - December 18, 2006) was an influential American animator
, storyboard artist
, and cartoon artist
, whose movie and television cartoon characters entertained millions of fans worldwide for much of the twentieth century. Through his young adult years, Barbera lived, attended college, and began his career in New York City. After working odd jobs and as a banker, Barbera joined Van Beuren Studios
in 1932 and subsequently Terrytoons
in 1936. In 1937 he moved to California and while working at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(MGM), Barbera met William Hanna
. The two men began a collaboration that was at first best known for producing Tom and Jerry
and live action films
. In 1957, they co-founded Hanna-Barbera
, which became the most successful television animation studio in the business, producing programs such as The Flintstones
, The Huckleberry Hound Show
, The Jetsons
, The Smurfs
, and Yogi Bear
. In 1967, Hanna-Barbera was sold to Taft Broadcasting
for $12 million, but Hanna and Barbera remained head of the company until 1991. At that time the studio was sold to Turner Broadcasting System
, which in turn was merged with Time Warner
, owners of Warner Bros.
, in 1996; Hanna and Barbera stayed on as advisors. Hanna and Barbera won seven Academy Awards
and eight Emmy Awards
. Their cartoons have become cultural icons, and their cartoon characters have appeared in other media such as films, books, and toys. Hanna-Barbera's shows have a global audience of over 300 million people and have been translated into more than 20 languages.
Gene Kelly (1912-1996) was an American dancer, actor, singer, director, producer, and choreographer whose work in motion pictures spans from 1942 to 1996. He is probably best known today for his performances in musicals, notably An American in Paris (1951) and Singin' in the Rain (1952). Kelly made his Hollywood film debut in For Me and My Gal (1942), co-starring with Judy Garland. Afterward, he went on to work as an actor, dancer and subsequently, choreographer, in a series of musical films. In these films, his choreography included experiments with a combination of dance and animation (Anchors Aweigh and Invitation to the Dance) and dance scenes involving special effects (including the "Alter Ego" number from Cover Girl and the split-screen dance number from It's Always Fair Weather). In addition to his work as an actor and choreographer, Kelly directed or co-directed several films, some of which did not feature him in an acting role. Kelly appeared in several non-musical dramatic and comedy films as well. Kelly received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor for his performance in Anchors Aweigh (1945) and won an Honorary Academy Award for his work in An American in Paris (1951). He was voted the 15th most popular film actor on the American Film Institute's millennium list, while his Singin' in the Rain was voted the most popular movie musical of all time.