The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney , is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios complex in Burbank, California.
Disney was originally founded on October 16, 1923, by brothers Walt and Roy O. Disney as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio; it also operated under the names The Walt Disney Studio and Walt Disney Productions before officially changing its name to The Walt Disney Company in 1986. The company established itself as a leader in the American animation industry before diversifying into live-action film production, television, and theme parks.
Since the 1980s, Disney has created and acquired corporate divisions in order to market more mature content than is typically associated with its flagship family-oriented brands. The company is known for its film studio division, The Walt Disney Studios, which includes Walt Disney Pictures, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Pixar, Marvel Studios, Lucasfilm, 20th Century Studios, 20th Century Animation, and Searchlight Pictures. Disney's other main business units include divisions in television, broadcasting, streaming media, theme park resorts, consumer products, publishing, and international operations. Through these various segments, Disney owns and operates the ABC broadcast network; cable television networks such as Disney Channel, ESPN, Freeform, FX, and National Geographic; publishing, merchandising, music, and theater divisions; direct-to-consumer streaming services such as Disney+, Star+, ESPN+, Hulu, and Hotstar; and Disney Parks, Experiences and Products, a group of 14 theme parks, resort hotels, and cruise lines around the world. Cartoon character Mickey Mouse, created in 1928 by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, serves as the company's official mascot. (Full article...)
is a 2008 American Pixar computer-animated short film
shown in theaters before their feature length film WALL-E
. The short is about a magician trying to perform a show with his uncooperative rabbit and is a gag-filled homage to classic cartoons such as Tom and Jerry
and Looney Tunes
was directed by veteran Pixar animator Doug Sweetland
, in his directorial debut. The original idea for the short was a magician who incorporated a rabbit into his act who suffered from stage fright
. This was considered to be too long and complicated, and the idea was reworked. To design the theater featured in Presto
, the filmmakers visited several Opera Houses and theaters for set design ideas. Problems arose when trying to animate the theater's audience of 2,500 patrons--which was deemed too expensive--and was solved by showing the back of the audience. Reaction to the short was very positive, and reviewers of WALL-E'
s home media release considered it to be an enjoyable special feature. One critic called Presto
a "winner through and through", while another found it to be "a short and hilarious animated film".Presto
was nominated for an Annie Award
and Academy Award
. It was included in the Animation Show of Shows
(; March 24, 1901 - July 7, 1971) was a two-time Academy Award
winning American animator
, character designer
, creator of Mickey Mouse
, and special effects
technician, who was famous for his work for Walt Disney
. He was born Ubbe Ert Iwwerks
in Kansas City, Missouri
. His father, Eert Ubbe Iwwerks, emigrated to the USA in 1869 from the village of Uttum in East Frisia
, today part of the municipality of Krummhörn
). Ub's birth name can be seen on early "Alice" shorts
that he signed. Several years later he simplified his name to "Ub Iwerks", sometimes written as "U. B. Iwerks". He is father to Disney Legend Don Iwerks
and David Iwerks and grandfather to documentary film producer Leslie Iwerks
and John Iwerks, Larry Iwerks, Chris Iwerks and Kathie Iwerks.
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