Portal:Czech Republic
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Portal:Czech Republic
Panoramic view of Prague from Pet?ín Tower

Welcome to the Czech Portal!
Vítejte na ?eském portálu!

Flag Czech Republic
Location of Czech Republic within Europe

The Czech Republic (; Czech: ?eská republika ['tska: 'r?publ?ka] ), also called by its short-form name, Czechia (; Czech: ?esko ['tsko] ), is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Austria to the south, Germany to the west, Poland to the northeast, and Slovakia to the east. The Czech Republic has hilly landscape that covers an area of 78,866 square kilometers (30,450 sq mi) with a mostly temperate continental climate and oceanic climate. It is a unitary parliamentary republic.

The Duchy of Bohemia under Great Moravia in 1002 was formally recognized as an Imperial State of the Holy Roman Empire and became a kingdom in 1198. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the whole Crown of Bohemia was gradually integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy. The Protestant Bohemian Revolt led to the Thirty Years' War. After the Battle of the White Mountain, the Habsburgs consolidated their rule. With the dissolution of the Holy Empire in 1806, the Crown lands became part of the Austrian Empire.

In the 19th century, the Czech lands became more industrialized, becoming part of the First Czechoslovak Republic following the collapse of the Austria-Hungary after World War I. After the Munich Agreement in 1938, Nazi Germany systematically took control over the Czech lands. Czechoslovakia was restored in 1945 until 1 January 1993 when it dissolved with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic is a member of NATO, EU, OECD, OSCE and CoE.

The Czech Republic is a developed country with an advanced, high income social market economy. It is a welfare state with a European social model, universal health care and tuition-free university education. It ranks 13th in the UN inequality-adjusted human development and 14th in the World Bank Human Capital Index ahead of countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and France. It ranks as the 11th safest and most peaceful country and 32nd in democratic governance. (Full article...)

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Zaolzie [za'?l] is the Polish name for an area now in the Czech Republic which was disputed between interwar Poland and Czechoslovakia. The name means "lands beyond the Olza River"; it is also called ?l?sk zaolzia?ski, meaning "trans-Olza Silesia". Equivalent terms in other languages include Zaol?í (Zaol?í) in Czech and Olsa-Gebiet in German. The Zaolzie region was created in 1920, when Cieszyn Silesia was divided between Czechoslovakia and Poland. Zaolzie forms the eastern part of the Czech portion of Cieszyn Silesia. The division did not satisfy any side, and persisting conflict over the region led to its annexation by Poland in October 1938, following the Munich Agreement. After the invasion of Poland in 1939, the area became a part of Nazi Germany until 1945. After the war, the 1920 borders were restored.

Historically, the largest specified ethnic group inhabiting this area were Poles. Under Austrian rule, Cieszyn Silesia was initially divided into three (Bielitz, Friedek and Teschen), and later into four districts (plus Freistadt). One of them, Frýdek, had a mostly Czech population, the other three were mostly inhabited by Poles. During the 19th century the number of ethnic Germans grew. After declining at the end of the 19th century, at the beginning of the 20th century and later from 1920 to 1938 the Czech population grew significantly (mainly as a result of immigration and the assimilation of locals) and Poles became a minority, which they are to this day. Another significant ethnic group were the Jews, but almost the entire Jewish population was murdered during World War II by Nazi Germany. (Full article...)

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Ka?perské Hory od Liího vrchu.jpg
The town of Ka?perské Hory with the church of St Margaret, in the Plze? Region

Photographer: Adam Hauner; License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA

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?ech with Chelsea in 2013 FIFA Club World Cup

Petr ?ech (Czech pronunciation: ['p?tr? 'tx] ; born 20 May 1982) is a Czech professional footballer who currently has a combined role of a technical/performance advisor and an emergency goalkeeper for English club Chelsea. He also played semi-professional ice hockey as a goaltender for Guildford Phoenix. Described by numerous players, pundits and managers as one of the greatest goalkeepers in European history, he is argued, alongside Peter Schmeichel, to be the greatest goalkeeper in Premier League history.

?ech began his senior career at Chmel Bl?any in 1999, where he played sporadically for two seasons prior to relocating to Sparta Prague in 2001. At age 19, ?ech became a first team regular, and his single campaign with the club saw him register a league record of not conceding a goal in 903 competitive minutes. This led to his first move abroad, when he relocated to France to join Ligue 1 side Rennes for a fee of EUR5.5 million (£3.9 million) in 2002. (Full article...)

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General images

The following are images from various Czech Republic-related articles on Wikipedia.

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Czech lands: Bohemia o Moravia o Czech Silesia

History: Unetice culture o Boii o Marcomanni o Samo o Great Moravia o P?emyslid dynasty o Lands of the Bohemian Crown o Czech lands (1526–1648) o 1648–1867 o 1867–1918) o Czechoslovakia o Czech Republic

Geography: Lakes o Protected areas o Regions o Rivers

Law: Judiciary o Law enforcement o Supreme Court of the Czech Republic

Politics: Administrative divisions o Cabinet o Constitution o Elections o Foreign relations o Military o Parliament o Political parties o President o Prime Minister

Economy: Banks o Czech koruna o Energy o Oil and gas deposits o Stock Exchange o Tourism o Transport

Culture: Architecture o Art o Cinema o Cuisine o Demographics o Education o Language o Literature o Media o Music o Philosophy o Prostitution o Public holidays o Religion o Sport o Television o Video gaming

Symbols: Flag o Coat of arms o National anthem (Kde domov m?j?)

Lists: Outline of the Czech Republic o Index of Czech Republic-related articles

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