Comedy (from the Greek: ?, k?m?día) is a genre of fiction consisting of discourses or works intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, film, stand-up comedy, television, radio, books, or any other entertainment medium. The term originated in Ancient Greece: in Athenian democracy, the public opinion of voters was influenced by political satire performed by comic poets in theaters. The theatrical genre of Greek comedy can be described as a dramatic performance pitting two groups, ages, genders, or societies against each other in an amusing agon or conflict. Northrop Frye depicted these two opposing sides as a "Society of Youth" and a "Society of the Old." A revised view characterizes the essential agon of comedy as a struggle between a relatively powerless youth and the societal conventions posing obstacles to his hopes. In this struggle, the youth then becomes constrained by his lack of social authority, and is left with little choice but to resort to ruses which engender dramatic irony, which provokes laughter.
Satire and political satire use comedy to portray persons or social institutions as ridiculous or corrupt, thus alienating their audience from the object of their humor. Parody subverts popular genres and forms, critiquing those forms without necessarily condemning them.
Other forms of comedy include screwball comedy, which derives its humor largely from bizarre, surprising (and improbable) situations or characters, and black comedy, which is characterized by a form of humor that includes darker aspects of human behavior or human nature. Similarly scatological humor, sexual humor, and race humor create comedy by violating social conventions or taboos in comic ways. A comedy of manners typically takes as its subject a particular part of society (usually upper-class society) and uses humor to parody or satirize the behavior and mannerisms of its members. Romantic comedy is a popular genre that depicts burgeoning romance in humorous terms and focuses on the foibles of those who are falling in love. (Full article...)
is an award-winning American television comedy
which deals with the daily lives of office employees in the Scranton, Pennsylvania
branch of the fictitious Dunder Mifflin
Paper Company. Although fictional and scripted, the show takes the form
of a documentary
, with the presence of the camera openly acknowledged. Based on the British series of the same name
, it was adapted for U.S. audiences
by executive producer Greg Daniels
, a veteran writer of Saturday Night Live
, King of the Hill
and The Simpsons
. Original series creators Ricky Gervais
and Stephen Merchant
have production credits on the show, and wrote an episode for the show's third season
. It is co-produced by Greg Daniels' Deedle-Dee Productions and Reveille Productions
, in association with NBC Universal Television Studio
. The show debuted on NBC
as a midseason replacement
on March 24, 2005 and is broadcast on that network in the United States
and other television stations
around the world. It will be available for syndication
in late 2009. In Fall 2007 TBS
started broadcasting episodes once a week, and will begin broadcasting the series five days a week in Fall 2009. The Fox Television Stations group have also obtained syndication rights starting in late 2009.
A pun (or paronomasia) is a phrase that deliberately exploits confusion between similar words for rhetorical effect, whether humorous or serious. A pun may also exploit confusion between two senses of the same written or spoken word, due to homophony, homography, homonymy, polysemy, or metaphorical usage. For example, in the phrase, "There is nothing punny about bad puns", the pun takes place in the deliberate confusion of the implied word "funny" by the substitution of the word "punny", a heterophone of "funny". By definition, puns must be deliberate; an involuntary substitution of similar words is called a malapropism.
Did you know...
- ... that US TV series Parks and Recreation season finale "Rock Show" received positive reviews but the lowest ratings of the season, with only 4.25 million households tuning in?