THE VISUAL ARTS PORTAL
The visual arts are art forms such as painting, drawing, printmaking, sculpture, ceramics, photography, video, filmmaking, design, crafts, and architecture. Many artistic disciplines such as performing arts, conceptual art, and textile arts also involve aspects of visual arts as well as arts of other types. Also included within the visual arts are the applied arts such as industrial design, graphic design, fashion design, interior design and decorative art.
Current usage of the term "visual arts" includes fine art as well as the applied or decorative arts and crafts, but this was not always the case. Before the Arts and Crafts Movement in Britain and elsewhere at the turn of the 20th century, the term 'artist' had for some centuries often been restricted to a person working in the fine arts (such as painting, sculpture, or printmaking) and not the decorative arts, craft, or applied Visual arts media. The distinction was emphasized by artists of the Arts and Crafts Movement, who valued vernacular art forms as much as high forms. Art schools made a distinction between the fine arts and the crafts, maintaining that a craftsperson could not be considered a practitioner of the arts.
The increasing tendency to privilege painting, and to a lesser degree sculpture, above other arts has been a feature of Western art as well as East Asian art. In both regions painting has been seen as relying to the highest degree on the imagination of the artist, and the furthest removed from manual labour - in Chinese painting the most highly valued styles were those of "scholar-painting", at least in theory practiced by gentleman amateurs. The Western hierarchy of genres reflected similar attitudes. (Full article...)
The State Hermitage Museum (Russian: ? , tr. Gosudárstvennyj Ermitá?, IPA: [s?'darstvn?j ?rm'ta?]) is a museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The second-largest art museum in the world, it was founded in 1764 when Empress Catherine the Great acquired an impressive collection of paintings from the Berlin merchant Johann Ernst Gotzkowsky. The museum celebrates the anniversary of its founding each year on 7 December, Saint Catherine's Day. It has been open to the public since 1852. It attracted 4,956,524 visitors in 2019, ranking it eighth among the most visited art museums in the world.
Its collections, of which only a small part is on permanent display, comprise over three million items (the numismatic collection accounts for about one-third of them), including the largest collection of paintings in the world. The collections occupy a large complex of six historic buildings along Palace Embankment
, including the Winter Palace
, a former residence of Russian emperors. Apart from them, the Menshikov Palace
, Museum of Porcelain, Storage Facility at Staraya Derevnya, and the eastern wing of the General Staff Building
are also part of the museum. The museum has several exhibition centers abroad. The Hermitage is a federal state property. Since July 1992, the director of the museum has been Mikhail Piotrovsky
. (Full article...
||The creative act is not performed by the artist alone; the spectator brings the work in contact with the external world by deciphering and interpreting its inner qualifications and thus adds his contribution to the creative act.
||— Marcel Duchamp, The Creative Act (1957)
Caspar David Friedrich (5 September 1774 - 7 May 1840) was a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter, generally considered the most important German artist of his generation. He is best known for his mid-period allegorical landscapes which typically feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, morning mists, barren trees or Gothic ruins. His primary interest was the contemplation of nature, and his often symbolic and anti-classical work seeks to convey a subjective, emotional response to the natural world. Friedrich's paintings characteristically set a human presence in diminished perspective amid expansive landscapes, reducing the figures to a scale that, according to the art historian Christopher John Murray, directs "the viewer's gaze towards their metaphysical dimension".
Friedrich was born in the town of Greifswald
on the Baltic Sea in what was at the time Swedish Pomerania
. He studied in Copenhagen
until 1798, before settling in Dresden
. He came of age during a period when, across Europe, a growing disillusionment with materialistic society was giving rise to a new appreciation of spirituality
. This shift in ideals was often expressed through a reevaluation of the natural world, as artists such as Friedrich, J. M. W. Turner
and John Constable
sought to depict nature as a "divine creation, to be set against the artifice of human civilization". (Full article...
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The following are images from various visual arts-related articles on Wikipedia.
Francis Picabia, (Left) Le saint des saints c'est de moi qu'il s'agit dans ce portrait, 1 July 1915; (center) Portrait d'une jeune fille americaine dans l'état de nudité, 5 July 1915: (right) J'ai vu et c'est de toi qu'il s'agit, De Zayas! De Zayas! Je suis venu sur les rivages du Pont-Euxin, New York, 1915
Venus of Laussel c.27,000BP, an Upper Palaeolithic carving, Bordeaux museum, France
Spanish cave painting of Bulls
Sumerian male worshipper, alabaster with shell eyes, 2750-2600 BCE
Visible damage due to acid rain on a sculpture
Detail of Crucifixion of Jesus Christ, Spanish, wood and polychrome, 1793.
The Eternal Father Painting the Virgin of Guadalupe. Attributed to Joaquín Villegas (1713 - active in 1753) (Mexican) (painter, Museo Nacional de Arte.
Netsuke of tigress with two cubs, mid-19th-century Japan, ivory with shell inlay
Spring Morning in the Han Palace, by Ming-era artist Qiu Ying (1494-1552 AD)
The Pergamene style of the Hellenistic period, from the Pergamon Altar, early 2nd century
Cueva de las Manos (Spanish for Cave of the Hands) in the Santa Cruz province in Argentina, c. 7300 BC
Modern reconstruction of the original painted appearance of a Late Archaic Greek marble figure from the Temple of Aphaea, based on analysis of pigment traces, c. 500 BCE
Moai from Easter Island, where the concentration of resources on large sculpture may have had serious political effects.
Ivory with traces of paint, 11th-12th century, Egypt
Device to Root Out Evil (1997) sculpture by Dennis Oppenheim at
Palma de Mallorca, Plaça de la Porta de Santa Catalina
French ivory Virgin and Child, end of 13th century, 25 cm high, curving to fit the shape of the ivory tusk
Loquats and Mountain Bird, anonymous artist of the Southern Song dynasty; paintings in leaf album style such as this were popular in the Southern Song (1127-1279).
The Brunswick Lion, 1166, the first large hollow casting of a figure since antiquity, 1.78 metres tall and 2.79 metres long
The Gero Cross, c. 965-970, Cologne, Germany. The first great example of the revival of large sculpture
Mother Goddess A miniature painting of the Pahari style, dating to the eighteenth century. Pahari and Rajput miniatures share many common features.
Two Scribes Seated with Books and a Writing Table Fragment of a decorative margin Northern India (Mughal school), ca. 1640-1650
A J?mon dog? figure, 1st millennium BCE, Japan
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