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|The September 11 attacks (often referred to as nine-eleven, written 9/11) were a series of coordinated suicide attacks by al-Qaeda upon the United States on September 11, 2001. On that morning, 19 al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners. The hijackers intentionally crashed two of the airliners, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, instantly killing everyone on board and a number of others working in and around the buildings. Because of structural damage caused by the collisions and the ensuing fires, both buildings collapsed within two hours, destroying nearby buildings and damaging others. This subsequently resulted in the death of more than 2,600 people- those trapped inside, others trying to escape, and the rescue workers, such as the fire fighters and police officers, rushing to their aid. A third hijacked airplane, American Airlines Flight 77, flew into the Pentagon killing hundreds of more people. The fourth plane, United Airlines Flight 93, was crashed into a field (grassland) near Shanksville in rural Somerset County, Pennsylvania as some of its passengers and flight crew fought to retake control of the plane which hijackers had redirected toward Washington, D.C. The passengers of Flight 93 reportedly made the decision to forcibly regain control from the terrorists after cell phone calls to loved ones. During those conversations, the hostages learned of the prior attacks of the day. The attacks killed 2,996 people, injured over 6,000 others, and caused at least $10 billion in infrastructure and property damage. The destruction of the World Trade Center and nearby infrastructure caused serious damage to the economy of Lower Manhattan and had a significant effect on global markets.
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