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The word radical derives from the Latinradix ("root") and Late Latinr?d?c?lis ("of or pertaining to the root, radical"). Historically, political use of the term referred exclusively to a form of progressiveelectoral reformism, known as Radicalism, that had developed in Europe during the 18th and 19th centuries. However, the denotation has changed since its 18th century coinage to comprehend the entire political spectrum, though retaining the connotation of "change at the root".
While social conditions exist "that are vulnerable to criticism and protest; ideology exists to protect these social conditions from attack by those who are disadvantaged by them."
"Ideology conserves by camouflaging flawed social conditions, giving an illusory account of their rationale or function, in order to legitimate and win acceptance of them."
This view reflects "a consensus among radicals of all stripes on the role of law as a dissembling force to safeguard the unjust relations of the status quo." This radical critique of ideology is especially prominent within post-leftism. Furthermore, in addressing specific issues some radical politics may completely forgo any overarching ideological plan.
^"radical". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) "That the omnipotence of the state is not lodged, by the constitution, with the people, but with the whole legislative body in parliament assembled, was a radical doctrine of this obnoxious ministry."
^Hayward, J. E. S. "The Official Philosophy of the French Third Republic: Leon Bourgeois and Solidarism". International Review of Social History.
^Sanders, Mike, ed. (2001). "General Introduction". Women and Radicalism in the Nineteenth Century. p. xix. ISBN0-415-20526-3. Retrieved 2020. Conservatives frequently deployed 'radical' as a blanket term of abuse
^Block, Maurice (1893). "Radicalism". Cyclopaedia of Political Science, Political Economy, and of the Political History of the United States. p. 492.
^Short, Clare (2009). "The Forces Shaping Radical Politics Today". In Pugh, Jonathan (ed.). What is Radical Politics Today?. p. 59. ISBN9780230236257. For example, Mrs Thatcher was radical, the British National Party is radical and Hitler was radical"
^ abcSypnowich, Christine (2001-10-22). "Law and Ideology". In Zalta, Edward N. (ed.). The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2019 ed.).
^McQuinn, Jason (2004). "Post-Left Anarchy: Leaving the Left Behind". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)