? (Podolskaya guberniya)
|Governorate of the Russian Empire, Ukraine|
Gubernia of Podolia, around 1900
since 1914 Vinnytsia
|42.000 km2 (16.216 sq mi)|
|1 August 1925|
|Political subdivisions||Governorates of the Russian Empire|
The Podolia Governorate or Government of Podolia, set up after the Second Partition of Poland, comprised a governorate (guberniya) of the Russian Empire from 1793 to 1917, of the Ukrainian People's Republic from 1917 to 1921, and of the Ukrainian SSR from 1921 to 1925.
The Podolian Governorate occupied the southwestern frontier of the former Russian empire, bordering Austria-Hungary, and had an area of about 42,000 km². The administrative centre was Kamenets-Podolskiy until 1914 when it moved to Vinnytsia.
Podolia Governorate was one of the three governorates of the Southwestern Krai administration. In 1917 it was recognized by the Russian Provisional Government to be governed by the General Secretariat of Ukraine as the representative of the Russian Provisional Government in the region.
Until 1918 the governorate consisted of 12 uyezds (counties):
On 12 April 1923 all uyezds (counties) were transformed into okruhas (counties), while volosts (districts) - into raions (districts). Okruhas served as a subdivision of government until it was abolished on 1 August 1925. Together with the government of Podilia, the Haisyn okruha was dissolved as well. Some territory of Tulchyn okruha were included into the newly formed Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
Russian Census of 1897:
The Imperial census of 1897 produced the following statistics. Bold type marks languages spoken by more people than the state language. In 1897 3,018,299 people lived in the governorate of Podolia.
who did not identify
their native language
The cities had 221,870 inhabitants, comprising about 7.35% of the total population. About 46.06% of the urban population consisted of Jews, 32.54% of Ukrainians, 15.03% of Russians, and 4.90% of Poles.
The Imperial census of 1897 reported:
|Old Believers||18 849||0.62|