Po%C5%BEarevac
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Po%C5%BEarevac
Po?arevac

?

Passarowitz
City of Po?arevac
Zgrada-SO.jpg
Pozarevacki-muzej.jpg
Ekolo?ki dom, ?a?alica.jpg
MilosObrenovic.jpg
Viminacijum 1 bn.JPG
From top: City Hall, Regional History Museum, Eco Home, Milo? Obrenovi? statue in the city park, Mausoleum and cemetery in Viminacium
Flag of Po?arevac
Flag
Coat of arms of Po?arevac
Coat of arms
Location of the city of Po?arevac within Serbia
Location of the city of Po?arevac within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°37?N 21°11?E / 44.617°N 21.183°E / 44.617; 21.183Coordinates: 44°37?N 21°11?E / 44.617°N 21.183°E / 44.617; 21.183
Country Serbia
RegionSouthern and Eastern Serbia
DistrictBrani?evo
Municipalities2
Settlements27
Government
 o MayorBane Spasovi? (SNS)
Area
 o Urban74.39 km2 (28.72 sq mi)
 o Administrative483.18 km2 (186.56 sq mi)
Elevation
81 m (266 ft)
Population
(2011 census)[2]
 o Urban
44,183
 o Urban density590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 o Administrative
75,334
 o Administrative density160/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
12000
Area code+381(0)12
Car platesPO
Websitewww.pozarevac.rs

Po?arevac (Serbian Cyrillic: , pronounced [pare?ats]) is a city and the administrative center of the Brani?evo District in eastern Serbia. It is located between three rivers: Danube, Great Morava and Mlava. As of 2011, the city has a population of 44,183 inhabitants, while the city administrative area has 75,334 inhabitants.

Name

In Serbian, the city is known as Po?arevac (), in Romanian as Pojareva?, in Turkish as Pasarofça, in German as Passarowitz, and in Hungarian as Pozsarevác.

The name means "fire-town" in Serbian (In this case, the word "fire" is used in the sense of a disaster).

History

Ancient times

In ancient times, the area was inhabited by Thracians, Dacians, and Celts.[] There was a city at this locality known as Margus in Latin after the Roman conquest in the first century BC.[]

In 435, the city of Margus, under the Eastern Roman Empire, was the site of a treaty between the Byzantine Empire and the Hun leaders Attila and Bleda.[]

One pretext for the Hun invasion of the Eastern Roman Empire in 442 was that the Bishop of Margus had crossed the Danube to ransack and desecrate the royal Hun graves on the north bank of the Danube. When the Romans discussed handing over the Bishop, he slipped away and betrayed the city to the Huns, who then sacked the city and went on to invade as far as the gates of Constantinople itself.[]

After the fall of the Hunnic Empire, the area was again controlled by the Eastern Roman Empire. In the 6th century, it was briefly controlled by the Kingdom of the Gepids. Since the 6th century, the area was populated by Slavs, but the Eastern Roman Empire held a nominal control over the region until the 8th century when Balkan Slavs achieved de facto independence from the Eastern Empire. It was also ruled by Avar Khaganate before their demolition by Charlemagne. The area was subsequently included into the Bulgarian Empire and was alternately ruled by the Bulgarian Empire, the Byzantine Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary until the 13th century.

In the 13th century, the area was ruled by independent local Slavic-Bulgarian rulers, Drman and Kudelin. It was subsequently included into the Kingdom of Syrmia, ruled by Serbian king Stefan Dragutin and into the Kingdom of Serbia and Serbian Empire ruled by Stefan Du?an.

Archaeology

A Bronze Age figurine "The Idol of Kli?evac" was found in a grave in the village of Kli?evac. It was destroyed during World War I.[3]

The National Museum in Belgrade and Po?arevac has some 40,000 items found in Viminacium, of which over 700 are of gold and silver. Among them are many invaluable rarities.

In June 2008, a Triballian (Thracian) grave was found with ceramics (urns). These date from the first millennium BC.[4]

Modern city

Reservist mobilization in Po?arevac, 1914.

The modern town of Po?arevac was first mentioned in the 14th century under the name Pupora?e[5][dubious ]; it first being mentioned under its present-day name in 1476.[6] The town became part of Moravian Serbia and Serbian Despotate, until the Ottoman conquest in 1459. During Ottoman administration, it was part of the Sanjak of Smederevo. It was occupied by Austrian Empire between 1688 and 1690.

In 1718, Po?arevac was the site of the signing of the Treaty of Po?arevac,[7] with the town then falling under Habsburg control and becoming part of the Habsburg Kingdom of Serbia (from 1718 to 1739). After 1739, the town reverted to Ottoman control except final Austrian occpation between 1789 and 1791. During the First Serbian Uprising (1804-1813), the town was part of the Kara?or?e's Serbia. At the end of the uprising in 1813, the town came briefly once more under direct Ottoman control. However, following the Second Serbian Uprising from 1815, the town then became part of the autonomous Ottoman Principality of Serbia. Po?arevac was the second capital of the Serbian prince, Milo? Obrenovi? with the first regular state court in Serbia being established here in 1821. Since 1878, Po?arevac became part of the independent Principality of Serbia and since 1882 as part of the Kingdom of Serbia.

Following the end of the First World War in 1918, the town was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929). From 1929 to 1941, Po?arevac was part of the Danube Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During the Axis occupation of Yugoslavia, from 1941 to 1944, it was part of the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia. From 1944, Po?arevac became part of the new socialist Serbia within socialist Yugoslavia. And from 1992, the town became part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (renamed as Serbia and Montenegro in 2003). Since 2006 it has been part of the Republic of Serbia.

Municipalities and settlements

The City of Po?arevac includes two city municipalities:

These include the following settlements:

In the 2008 reform of Serbian local government, Po?arevac received the status of a city and the town of Kostolac became the seat of the second city municipality. Po?arevac is the smallest Serbian city consisting of two municipalities.

Demographics

As of 2011, the city of Po?arevac has a total population of 75,334 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

The ethnic composition of the municipal area of the city of Po?arevac:[9]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 66,801
Romani 3,868
Vlachs 177
Macedonians 168
Montenegrins 160
Croats 109
Romanians 91
Yugoslavs 71
Hungarians 56
Muslims 42
Slovenians 38
Bulgarians 35
Others 3,718
Total 75,334

Economy

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[10]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 305
Mining and quarrying 46
Manufacturing 3,048
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 3,315
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 340
Construction 889
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 3,117
Transportation and storage 1,206
Accommodation and food services 628
Information and communication 231
Financial and insurance activities 318
Real estate activities 23
Professional, scientific and technical activities 461
Administrative and support service activities 1,670
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 1,824
Education 1,236
Human health and social work activities 2,062
Arts, entertainment and recreation 318
Other service activities 396
Individual agricultural workers 753
Total 22,187

Politics

Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2016 local elections:

  • Serbian Progressive Party (38)
  • Socialist Party of Serbia (17)
  • Democratic Party (6)
  • Civil Group "Iskorak"(4)
  • Minority Lists (3)

Education

  • Po?arevac Gymnasium (Po?areva?ka gimnazija), a college-preparatory high school
  • Technical College (Visoka tehni?ka ?kola strukovnih studija u Po?arevcu)[11]

People associated with Po?arevac

International relations

Twin towns - sister cities

Po?arevac is twinned with:

Image gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved .
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "[Projekat Rastko] Dr Draga Garasanin: Bronze Age in Serbia". Rastko.rs. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-08. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Po?arevac, Kostolac, Malo Crni?e, Petrovac « National Tourism Organisation of Serbia". Serbia.travel. Archived from the original on 2013-10-02. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "". Pozarevac.rs. Retrieved .
  7. ^ Ingrao, Samard?i? & Pe?alj 2011.
  8. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 2017.
  9. ^ "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 2018.
  10. ^ "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  11. ^ " ". Vts-pozarevac.edu.rs. 2013-09-20. Retrieved .
  12. ^ Gimnazijalci iz Janjine u poseti Po?arevcu
  13. ^ Volokolamski pravac

Sources

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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