|Industry||Lifestyle Mass media|
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Headquarters||Beverly Hills, California, U.S.|
|Ben Kohn, CEO|
|Revenue||$215 million (2010)|
|$-36.30 million (2010)|
|$-48.50 million (2010)|
|$196.83 million (2010)|
|$-22.30 million (2010)|
|Owner||Icon Acquisition Holdings LP |
Number of employees
Playboy Enterprises, Inc. is an American privately held global media and lifestyle company headquartered in Beverly Hills, California. It was founded by the late Hugh Hefner to initially manage the Playboy magazine empire. The company is structured with two primary business segments: Media (which manages content for print, digital, social, mobile, TV and radio platforms) and Licensing (which licenses the Playboy name, Rabbit Head design and other trademarks, logos and images for use in connection with consumer goods, venues and events). Today, Playboy Enterprises, Inc., together with its subsidiaries, engages in the development and distribution of content, products and high-profile events that embody both "eroticism and fine art." The Playboy rabbit logo is one of the most widely recognized and popular brands in the world.
Sales of Playboy magazine peaked in 1972 at over 7 million copies. By 2015 the circulation had fallen to 800,000. The company now derives over 40 percent of its revenues from its media division, and about half of the revenue comes from the licensing of consumer products.
Playboy Enterprises, Inc. is based in Beverly Hills, California, having closed its former headquarters in the top office floors of 680 N. Lake Shore Drive in Chicago, Illinois, in April 2012. In January 2013, the company said it employed 165.
Playboy Enterprises was created in 1953 as the HMH Publishing Co., Inc. for the purpose of publishing Playboy. The business quickly expanded and began to develop and distribute a wider range of adult entertainment. It went public in 1971. Christie Hefner, daughter of Hugh Hefner, was the President from 1982, Chairman of the Board and CEO from 1988, until she left the company in 2009. In late 2015, it was announced that the print edition of the magazine would drop all centerfolds. The first magazine without centerfolds was the March, 2016 edition, released in early 2016.
The Age reported in October 2008 that, for the first-time ever, Hugh Hefner was selling tickets to his celebrity-filled parties to offset his cash-flow problems due to setbacks Playboy Enterprises had suffered, including decreasing Playboy circulation, decreasing stock value, and ventures that have yet to turn a profit. Christie Hefner released a memo to employees about her efforts to streamline the company's operations, including eliminating its DVD division and laying off staff.
Playboy also ran forty Playboy Club properties from 1960 to 1986. Playboy operated casinos in England from the mid-1960s to 1981, when they lost their operating license. Playboy also operated a casino in Nassau, Bahamas from 1978 to 1982. From 1981 to 1984, the company was a partner in the Playboy Hotel and Casino in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Playboy Enterprises was denied a permanent New Jersey gaming license and was forced to sell out to its partner, which changed the name of the hotel/casino to the Atlantis Hotel and Casino. The company returned to the nightlife business with the Playboy Club at the Palms Casino Resort in Las Vegas, which opened in 2006 and closed in 2012. Other Playboy Clubs opened in Cancun, Macau, and London in 2010 and 2011. Meanwhile, the company says it will open at least three Playboy stores in each of the next three years.
The Playboy Entertainment Group is a division of Playboy Enterprises that includes Playboy TV and Playboy Online, which is the fastest growing revenue source for the company. The Entertainment segment develops, produces, acquires, and distributes various feature films, magazine-format shows, reality-based and dramatic series, documentaries, live events, and celebrity and playmate features for television networks, Web-based entertainment experiences, portable podcast entertainment, DVD products, and online gaming under the Playboy and Spice brand names.
As of December 31, 2005, it owned, operated, or licensed 23 television and movie networks under Playboy TV, Playboy TV en Español, and Spice in the United Kingdom, South East Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Israel, and Japan. Its programming is carried in the U.S. by all six of the major multiple system operators and both of the satellite direct-to-home, or DTH, providers. In 2005, a Playboy satellite radio station launched on Sirius Satellite Radio.
The company offers multiple subscription-based Web sites and online video-on-demand theaters under the Playboy and Spice names. It also operates e-commerce Web sites, including PlayboyStore.com for purchasing Playboy-branded fashions, calendars, DVDs, jewelry, collectibles, back issues of Playboy magazine, and special editions, as well as non-Playboy-branded products; and SpiceTVStore.com, which offers adult-oriented products, including DVDs, lingerie, and sensual products. The Company has online operations consisting of a network of websites with an established and growing subscriber and revenue base.
The Company distributes its original programming domestically in DVD format. More recently, it began developing portable podcast content. It also distributes various non-Playboy-branded movies and continues to re-package and re-market its catalog of previously released DVD titles. Company-wide marketing operations consist of Alta Loma Entertainment, the Playboy Jazz Festival and Playmate Promotions. Alta Loma Entertainment functions as a production Company that leverages its assets, including editorial material, as well as icons such as the Playmates, the Playboy Mansion and Mr. Hefner, to develop original programming for other television networks.
Its revenue is derived from Domestic Television, International Television, Online, and other sources. Currently the Entertainment division accounts for over 60% of the revenue of the Playboy Enterprises.
Type of site
|Magazine website, erotica|
|Owner||Playboy Enterprises, Inc.|
(managed by MindGeek)
|Created by||Playboy Enterprises, Inc.|
|Alexa rank||37,379 (June 2018)|
Playboy Online (or Playboy.com) is the internet business segment of Playboy Enterprises, Inc. It falls within the Playboy Entertainment business segment, which is the largest of the company's three business segments. Playboy Online is the fastest growing revenue line item in Playboy Enterprises, accounting for 15% of corporate revenue. Its revenue comes from both online subscriptions to Playboy Cyber Club and from E-commerce, including internet advertising.
Playboy Online should not be confused with the now-defunct Playboy Digital, which began production late in 2005 as an electronic duplicate of the physical print offerings within the publishing group.
Available online since 1994, Playboy Online produces original content that mostly differs from the print editions of the publications produced by Playboy Publishing. It regularly features themed online pictorials such as women who work at Olive Garden, Wal-Mart, or McDonald's
The Licensing segment licenses the Playboy name, the Rabbit Head design and other images, trademarks, and artwork to "appear on a wide range of consumer products including apparel, accessories, footwear, lingerie, jewelry, fragrances and home fashions." Its licensed products generate "more than $1 billion in global retail sales in more than 150 countries and territories." Spirits and vapor products are among Playboy's latest licensing ventures. The spirits are made by VuQo.
The Company's trademarks and copyrights are critical to the success and potential growth of its business as "Playboy is one of the most recognized, celebrated and popular consumer brands in the world." In 2013, Playboy ranked number 56 among the Top 150 Global Licensors by License! Global magazine.
Currently the Licensing division accounts for about 50% of the revenue of Playboy Enterprises.
PB Lifestyle Ltd. is promoted by Mumbai-based entrepreneurs. Following their interests in media and entertainment, PB Lifestyle Ltd. has signed the master and exclusive franchise/licensee agreement with Playboy Enterprises USA (for ten years) for the use of the Playboy brand in India for various businesses. PB Lifestyle representatives have also stated that the company will adapt the Playboy brand to suit India's decency standards and will not allow content/material that is deemed 'lascivious or appealing to prurient interests'.
The Publishing segment publishes Playboy magazine, a general-interest magazine targeted to men; special editions, books, and calendars; and the licensing of international editions of Playboy magazine. Playboy magazine is the largest monthly men's magazine in the United States and in the world, based on the combined circulation of the U.S. and international editions. Playboy formerly published Oui Magazine and Hefner also published Trump Magazine.
As of 2007, the Publishing division accounted for nearly 30% of the revenue of the Playboy Enterprises.
In 2005, the company began producing Playboy Digital which is an exact duplicate of the print version of the magazine. Its initial launch started with 15,000 subscriptions. This is very different from Playboy Online, which produces original content. In 2005, Playboy began print editions in Argentina, Slovakia, and Ukraine bringing the number of international editions to 20.
In 2018, less than a year after Hugh Hefner's death, his estate sold its remaining Playboy shares of 33%, worth $35 million, to Icon Acquisition Holdings LP. The money was split between Hefner's widow and his four children.