Piatra Neam%C8%9B
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Piatra Neam%C8%9B
Piatra Neam?
15th century Stephen's Tower (the city symbol) in the medieval town square
15th century Stephen's Tower (the city symbol) in the medieval town square
Location in Neam? County
Location in Neam? County
Piatra Neam? is located in Romania
Piatra Neam?
Piatra Neam?
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 46°55?39?N 26°22?15?E / 46.92750°N 26.37083°E / 46.92750; 26.37083Coordinates: 46°55?39?N 26°22?15?E / 46.92750°N 26.37083°E / 46.92750; 26.37083
Country Romania
CountyNeam?
Government
 o MayorDrago? Chitic[1] (PNL)
Area
77.4 km2 (29.9 sq mi)
Population
(2011)[2]
85,055
 o Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.NT
Websitewww.primariapn.ro

Piatra Neam? (Romanian pronunciation: ['pjatra 'ne?amt?s]), German: Kreuzburg an der Bistritz, Hungarian: Karácsonk?) is the capital city of Neam? County, in the historical region of Western Moldavia, in northeastern Romania. Because of its privileged location in the Eastern Carpathian mountains, it is considered one of the most picturesque cities in Romania. The Nord-Est Regional Development Agency is located in Piatra Neam?.

Etymology

The piatra toponym (meaning rock in Romanian) was always part of the settlement's name throughout its history. Other names that the city has been called are: Piatra lui Cr?ciun (Christmas Rock, thus also corresponding to the Hungarian name of the city, "Karácson-K?"); Târgu Piatra (Rock Fair, Rock Market) (in the Middle Ages) or simply Piatra to which the county name Neam? was added.

Geography and access

Piatra Neam? lies in the Bistri?a River Valley, surrounded by mountains - Pietricica (530 m), Cozla (679 m), Cernegura (852 m), Bâtca Doamnei (462 m) and Cârloman (617 m), at an average height of 345 m (1,131.89 ft).

The city is located 350 kilometres (217 miles) north of Bucharest, in the historical region of Moldavia. The nearest airport is Bac?u, situated 60 km (37 miles) south. Piatra Neam? is linked by Romanian railway trunk number 509 to Bac?u (therefore by 500 to Bucharest), and by DN15 national road to Bac?u (therefore by DN2 to Bucharest), Ia?i, Suceava, and Târgu Mure? (Transylvania).

Map of Piatra Neam?
Bâtca Doamnei lake

The city is informally divided in several districts (in Romanian: cartiere):

  • 1 Mai
  • B?cioaia
  • Centru
  • Ciritei
  • D?rm?ne?ti
  • Doamna
  • Gara Veche
  • M?rei
  • Precista
  • Sarata
  • Speran?a
  • Valea Viei
  • V?leni
  • Vân?tori

Of these, Ciritei, Doamna and V?leni are formally separate villages administered by the municipality. There are plans to build two new districts, the larger of which will be on the site of the former Reconstruc?ia factory.

History

Stephen's Tower built in 1499

The area around Piatra Neam? is one of the oldest inhabited areas in Romania. The oldest traces of human civilisation in the present territory date back to the higher Paleolithic, about 100,000 years BCE. The Cucuteni culture, whose development lasted approximately one thousand years (ca. 3600-2600 BCE) was attested in the territory of Neam? county by a remarkable number of settlements (approx. 150), archaeological diggings unearthing important museum collections of Aeneolithic artifacts. Archaeologists have also discovered objects here dating back to the Neolithic Period and the Bronze Age (about 1900-1700 BCE).

Excavations just outside the city revealed the ruins of a large Dacian city, Petrodava, mentioned by Greek geographer Ptolemy in the 2nd century. The whole compound had its heyday between the first century BCE and the first century CE. Standing out is the citadel at Bâtca Doamnei which contains shrines resembling those identified in the Ortiei Mountains. As far as the existence of a local leader is concerned, historians tend to suggest the identification of the Kingdom of Dicomes in the very political centre at Petrodava. The complex of strongholds without peer in Moldavia and Wallachia is evidence as to a powerful political and military centre both in Burebista's time and in the period that preceded the reign of Decebalus. The settlement was documented in the 15th century as Piatra lui Craciun, or Camena, a market town.

The first urban settlements, which emerged under Petru I Mu?at (1375-1391), were Piatra lui Craciun, Roman and Neam?. The Neam? citadel, whose documentary attestation dates back to February 2, 1395, was also erected during the same consolidation period of the Moldovian principality east of the Carpathians. The Princely Court of Piatra Neam? is mentioned for the first time in a document dated April 20, 1491, to have been founded between 1468 and 1475, under Stephen the Great, the Princely Cathedral being built in 1497-1498, and the 20 m (65.62 ft) tall Bell Tower in 1499.

Demographics

As of 2011 census data, Piatra Neam? has a population of 85,055,[3] a decrease from the figure recorded at the 2002 census, making it the 24th largest city in Romania.

According to the census from 2002, there were 104,914 people living within the city of Piatra Neam?.[4] The ethnic makeup was as follows:

Economy

The city's industries include a fertilizer plant, a pulp and paper mill, and several food-processing plants. In the city are also located an agricultural machinery plant (Mecanica Ceahl?u), a pharmaceutical plant (Plantavorel) and two paper manufacturers.

The city's main industrial park is situated 11 km (7 mi) south, in the S?vine?ti area. During the communist period, the S?vine?ti platform was one of the most important chemical plants in Romania and the site of a research institute. Today, the industrial facility is part of the Italian company Radici Group, and it operates at low capacity.

Aerial view of the city

In the recent period, the most important Romanian commercial brands originating from Piatra Neam? are Rifil (synthetic fibers manufacturer), Altex (Media Galaxy) (TV, hi-fi, home appliances national dealer), Köber [ro] (paints manufacturer), Amicii-Kubo Ice Cream[5] (ice cream producer) and Dasimpex (mobile phones dealer).

There are 4 local TV stations (TV M, 1TV, TeleM, Actual TV), 3 FM radio stations and several newspapers, including online newspapers such as CityNeam? and Ziar Piatra Neam?.

Culture and education

Piatra Neam? is home to Teatrul Tineretului (Youth's Theatre), G. T. Kirileanu library and many cultural events, including the International Theatre Festival in the springtime, the classical music event Vacan?e muzicale (musical holidays) in the summertime and more folkloric festivals all year round.

The "Petru Rare?" national college, "Calistrat Hoga?" national college, National College of Computer Science as well as "Victor Brauner" Fine Arts College are some of the most prestigious education centres in the Neamt county.

Starting with January 2009, Piatra Neam? is the host of a short film festival called "Filmul de Piatra" (derived from the name of the city "Piatra" which means stone (rock) and translated as "Stone-film Festival"). The 1st edition took place in the building of Teatrul Tineretului and other locations between 7th and 11 January 2009. The festival has a national short film competition (all genres) and awards each category. The agenda also includes selections of international shorts, awarded in major festivals throughout the world. Other special programmes include live concerts, skiing and workshops.

Attractions

Batca Doamnei lake

The city's main attractions are the natural environment of the area (the mountains and the lakes), the historical buildings, the museums and the festivals. Today, there are several programs in progress with the goal of transforming Piatra Neam? into a tourist destination in Romania (the construction of the cable car and the wintersports facilities).[6]

Landmarks

Cucuteni Museum

Parks

Sports

FC Ceahl?ul Piatra Neam? is the local football (soccer) team; best performance: third round in UEFA Intertoto Cup in 1999 after two matches versus Juventus Torino.

Former Fibrex S?vine?ti, actually HCM Piatra Neam? is the local men's handball team, three times champions of Romania and two times winners of Handball Romania's Cup.

VC Unic Piatra Neam? is the local women's volleyball team.

Piatra Neam? is the residence of Constantin "Ticu" L?c?tu?u, the first Romanian alpinist who reached the top of Mount Everest.

The Piatra Neamt Equestrian Stadium (Baza Hipic?) is the host of several show jumping and dressage international competitions.

Club League Sport Venue Established Capacity
FC Ceahl?ul Piatra Neam? Liga III Football Stadionul Ceahl?ul 1919 18,000
VC Unic Piatra Neam? Divizia A Volleyball Sala Polivalent? 1964 4,000

Natives

Calistrat Hoga?

International Relations

Piatra Neam? is twinned with:[7]

In popular culture

Astronomical Dedication

In honor of this city an asteroid has been dedicated to the city of Piatra Neam?, by Alfredo Caronia, an Italian amateur astronomer, living in Piatra Neam?, co-discoverer of the asteroid.[8][9]

Photo gallery

References

  1. ^ "Results of the 2016 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ "Popula?ia stabil? pe jude?e, municipii, ora?e ?i localit?ti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 2014.
  3. ^ "2011 Census" (PDF) (in Romanian). INSSE. February 2, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 3, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  4. ^ "Ethno-demographic Structure of Romania". The Ethnocultural Diversity Resource Center. Retrieved 2011.
  5. ^ PRONET. "Inghetata AMICII :: inghetata, ice, ice-cream, tort, torturi, ciocolata, concurs". Kubo.ro. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Projects underway in 2007" (PDF) (in Romanian). Primariapn.ro. Retrieved .
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Piatra Neam? - Twin Towns". © 2007-2008 piatra-neamt.net. Archived from the original on 2009-11-16. Retrieved .
  8. ^ Alan Chamberlin. "JPL Small-Body Database Browser". Ssd.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets (100001)-(105000)". Minorplanetcenter.net. Retrieved .

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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