Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport
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Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport

Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport
Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport Logo.svg
Sky Harbor - 2008-08-29 - Control Tower.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic/military
OwnerCity of Phoenix
OperatorPhoenix Airport System
ServesPhoenix metropolitan area
LocationPhoenix, Arizona, U.S.
Hub forAmerican Airlines
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL1,135 ft / 346 m
Coordinates33°26?03?N 112°00?42?W / 33.43417°N 112.01167°W / 33.43417; -112.01167Coordinates: 33°26?03?N 112°00?42?W / 33.43417°N 112.01167°W / 33.43417; -112.01167
Websitewww.skyharbor.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
PHX is located in Arizona
PHX
PHX
Location within Arizona/United States
PHX is located in the United States
PHX
PHX
PHX (the United States)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
8/26 11,489 3,502 Concrete
7L/25R 10,300 3,139 Concrete
7R/25L 7,800 2,377 Concrete
Statistics (2019)
Aircraft operations438,891
Passenger volume46,288,337
Total cargo (tons)393,132

Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA: PHX, ICAO: KPHX, FAA LID: PHX) is a civil-military public airport 3 miles (2.6 nmi; 4.8 km) east of downtown Phoenix, in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States.[1] It is Arizona's largest and busiest airport, and among the largest commercial airports in the United States; in 2018, PHX was ranked the 44th-busiest airport in the world.[3] The airport serves as a hub for American Airlines and a base for Southwest Airlines. American carries nearly 46% of all PHX passengers as of December 2017 (more than 20 million passengers) and employs nearly 9,500 people, making it the airport's largest carrier.[4][5]

The airport is also home to the 161st Air Refueling Wing (161 ARW), an Air Mobility Command (AMC)-gained unit of the Arizona Air National Guard. The military enclave is known as the Goldwater Air National Guard Base. One of two flying units in the Arizona ANG, the 161 ARW currently flies the KC-135R Stratotanker aircraft. In addition to its domestic role as a National Guard unit, answering to the Governor of Arizona, the 161 ARW also performs both a stateside and overseas role as a USAF organization, supporting air refueling and air mobility missions worldwide.[6]

History

Aerial view of the new control tower in the foreground, and the old control tower in the background, with Terminal 3 in between, looking southwest
Sky Harbor's Control Tower with Downtown Phoenix in the distance
American Airlines aircraft at Terminal 4

Sky Harbor Airport's evocative name was conceived by J. Parker Van Zandt, the owner of Scenic Airways, in 1928. However, the reasoning for the name is apparently unknown. Scenic Airways collapsed in 1929 after the infamous Black Friday stock market crash.[7][8] Sky Harbor was built in late 1928 through early 1929 initially with one runway and was the fourth airport built in Phoenix.[8] Acme Investment Company owned the airport until 1935 after the collapse of Scenic Airways. On February 23, 1929, Maddux Air Lines began the airport's first scheduled passenger service with a route between San Francisco and El Paso stopping in Phoenix, Los Angeles, and several other cities however the service was short lived, ending by autumn 1929. Standard Air Lines had been serving Phoenix since late 1927 at a different airport and began landing at Sky Harbor on August 5, 1929. Standard operated a route between Los Angeles and El Paso stopping at Phoenix, Tucson, and Douglas, Arizona. Standard was acquired by American Airways in 1930 which later became American Airlines. American extended the route eastward to New York by way of Dallas, Nashville, and many other cities making for a southern transcontinental route across the United States.[9] In 1935 the city of Phoenix purchased Sky Harbor airport from Acme for $100,000.

TWA began service to San Francisco in 1938 and added Phoenix onto its transcontinental network by 1944 with flights to Los Angeles and eastward to New York stopping at Albuquerque, Kansas City, and many more cities. Arizona Airways began intrastate service within Arizona in 1946 and merged into Frontier Airlines in 1950 which added new routes to Denver, Albuquerque, and El Paso. Bonanza Airlines began service by 1951 with a route to Las Vegas and Reno making several stops at smaller communities. New routes to Salt Lake City and Southern California were added in the 1960s along with nonstop flights to Las Vegas and Reno aboard Douglas DC-9 jets by 1965. Bonanza merged with two other carriers to become Air West in 1968 and was changed to Hughes Airwest in 1970 adding several new routes, including service to Mexico, creating a hub at Phoenix. Hughes Airwest was then merged into Republic Airlines in 1980 which continued the Phoenix hub operation until the mid-1980s. Western Airlines came to Sky Harbor in 1957 with flights to Denver, Los Angeles and San Diego, Continental Airlines came in 1961 to El Paso, Los Angeles, and Tucson, and Delta Air Lines began flights to Dallas by 1969.[10] Since airline deregulation in 1978, Phoenix has seen numerous new air carriers begin service including United Airlines in 1980 and Southwest Airlines in 1982.

After World War II the airport began work on a new passenger terminal, as well as a new parallel runway and a diagonal runway.[11] On the February 1953 C&GS diagram runways 8L and 8R are each 6,000 feet (1,800 m) long and runway 3 is 5,500 feet (1,700 m).

The $835,000 Terminal 1 (originally called the "West Wing") which also had the first control tower, opened in October 1952.[11] It was torn down in 1991 and replaced by a cell phone waiting lot, with Terminal 1's parking lot now being the West Economy lot.

The April 1957 OAG shows 42 scheduled airline departures a day: 16 American, 11 TWA, 10 Bonanza, and 5 Frontier. American began a nonstop DC-7 to New York (Idlewild) in the summer of 1959.

The airport's master plan was redesigned in 1959 to eliminate the cross runway to make room for new terminals.[11] American and TWA began jet service to Phoenix in 1960 and 1961 respectively, and Terminal 2 (originally called the "East Wing") opened in 1962.[12] Terminal 2 was designed by the Phoenix architectural firms of Weaver & Drover and Lescher & Mahoney and opened in 1962.[13] Terminal 2 also featured a 16-foot (4.9 m) high and 75-foot (23 m) wide mural composed of 52 different materials, including mosaic glass, gemstones, shells, and vintage toys. The Phoenix, designed by the late French-American artist and full-time resident of Phoenix Paul Coze, was commissioned in 1960 as Phoenix's first work of public art and was installed in 1962 in the main lobby area of the terminal. The Phoenix will be installed in the Rental Car Center in 2021.[14] In November 2006, a Military and Veterans Hospitality Room, sponsored by the Phoenix Military and Veterans Commission, was opened in Terminal 2. It has since relocated to Terminal 4 as the new USO. This terminal underwent two renovation projects. The first was completed in 1988.[15] The second project, which cost $24 million and was designed by DWL Architects + Planners, Inc., was completed in 2007.[13]

Designed by DWL Architects + Planners, Inc., construction on terminal 3 began in January 1977. Terminal 3 opened in October 1979,[11] when the "East" and "West" names were dropped, since they were no longer the only two terminals.

Bonanza Air Lines moved its headquarters from Las Vegas to Phoenix in 1966. Bonanza merged with two other airlines to form Air West, which became Hughes Airwest after Howard Hughes bought it in 1970.[16] After airline deregulation in 1978 former Hughes Airwest executive Ed Beauvais formed a plan for a new airline based in Phoenix. He founded America West Airlines in 1981, which began service from Phoenix in 1983 and doubled in size during its first year. By the end of the decade America West was serving over 80 cities in the United States, Canada, and Mexico and was lobbying for transpacific service. In late 1992 America West contracted with Mesa Airlines to create a new feeder network called America West Express which served many smaller communities in Arizona, California, Colorado, and New Mexico.[16]

In the meantime Southwest Airlines arrived at Phoenix in January 1982 with 13 daily flights to 12 cities; by 1986 it had 64 daily flights from Phoenix and had a crew base there. Southwest opened a maintenance facility at PHX in 1992 which was its largest.[17]

In October 1989 ground was broken for Terminal 4, the largest terminal.[18] It opened on November 2, 1990[19] with four concourses: N2 and N3 on the north side and S3 and S4 on the south side. In 1994 the N4 International Concourse was opened, adding 10 gates and a sterile walkway to the S4 concourse. In 1997 construction began on the 14-gate N1 concourse for America West Airlines. It was completed in June 1998 at a cost of $50 million,[20] completing the expansion of the north side of the terminal. On the south side of the terminal, construction began in 2002 on the eight-gate S2 concourse for Southwest Airlines. This project was completed in 2004 and has a different architectural design from the other six concourses. The eighth and final concourse for Terminal 4 began construction in May 2019. Terminal 4 is named after former Arizona Senator and 1964 Presidential candidate Barry M. Goldwater. After Goldwater's death in 1998, the then-mayor of Phoenix, Skip Rimsza, proposed renaming the airport in Goldwater's memory but was deluged with public support for the familiar "Sky Harbor" name.[21] Terminal 4, designed by DWL Architects + Planners, Inc., is the largest and busiest of the three terminals with 86 gates, divided into seven satellite concourses connected behind security.[13]

America West filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 1991 and sold its larger aircraft and Japanese route authority, but continued growing its domestic operations from Terminal 4 in cooperation with Continental Airlines. Although AWA enjoyed further growth at Phoenix during the 1990s the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks strained its financial position. AWA ended its relationship with Continental and merged with US Airways in 2005. US Airways moved its headquarters to the AWA campus in Tempe and retained many AWA managers to run the merged company. US Airways was then merged into American Airlines in 2015 which continues to build upon the largest hub operation at Phoenix Sky Harbor.[16]

Sky Harbor landed its first transatlantic flights in 1996 when British Airways inaugurated nonstop service to London. The flight was first operated with a Douglas DC-10 aircraft but soon upgraded to a Boeing 747-400.[22]

In 2007 the Transportation Security Administration introduced the first of its backscatter X-ray machines at PHX.[23]

Sky Harbor's private airplane area is also one of eight service centers for the Medevac airline Air Evac.[24]

From 1951 through the end of 2019, over 1.271 billion passengers (domestic and international, enplaned and deplaned) have transited through PHX, an annual average of over 18.4 million passengers. In the same time frame there were over 27.9 million aircraft movements (commercial, military, general aviation) at PHX, an annual average of over 405,000 movements.[25] PHX has grown over the years into a major US hub, and ranks the 44th-busiest airport in the world and thirteenth-busiest airport in the United States in passenger boardings.

In its 2019 airport rankings, The Wall Street Journal ranked Sky Harbor as the best airport overall among the 20 largest airports in the U.S.[26] "Phoenix excelled in several of the 15 categories, with short screening waits, fast Wi-Fi, good Yelp scores for restaurant reviews, short taxi-to-takeoff times for planes and cheap average Uber cost to get downtown."[27]

Facilities

ATC tower

The airport's current 326-foot-tall (99 m) air traffic control tower began operations on January 14, 2007. It stands just east of the Terminal 3 parking garage, and also houses the Phoenix TRACON. This is Sky Harbor's fourth control tower and is among the tallest control towers in North America.[28][29]

Runways

PHX covers 3,400 acres (1,400 ha) at an elevation of 1,135 ft (346 m). The airport has three parallel concrete/grooved runways:[1]

  • Runway 8/26 measuring 11,489 ft × 150 ft (3,502 m × 46 m)
  • Runway 7L/25R measuring 10,300 ft × 150 ft (3,139 m × 46 m)
  • Runway 7R/25L measuring 7,800 ft × 150 ft (2,377 m × 46 m)

All three runways can accommodate aircraft with a maximum takeoff weight of 900,000 lb (410,000 kg) or greater.[1]

Terminals

The airport has 103 active aircraft gates in two Terminals (3 and 4).[30][31] Free ad-supported wireless internet access provided by Boingo Wireless is available in all terminals, with premium paid internet access with higher speeds and no advertisements also available to travelers.

The airport administration states that the designation Terminal 1 has been "retired" and that it did not wish to renumber the other terminals since passengers were already familiar with the numbers in place.[32] Terminals 3 and 4 continue to retain their current numbers after the closing of Terminal 2.[33]

Terminal 2 had its last day of operation on February 4, 2020. Following completion of the Terminal 3 Modernization Project in early 2020, the remaining Terminal 2 airlines were moved to the Terminal 3 North concourse. Demolition of Terminal 2 began in spring 2020 and will be completed in 2021. Bus gates are planned to be operated on the Terminal 2 site.[34][32][31][35]

Terminal 3

The terminal is officially named John S. McCain III Terminal 3 with 22 active gates (F1-F9, F13-F15, E1-10) and is currently used by Air Canada, Alaska Airlines, Boutique Air, Contour Airlines, Delta, Frontier, Hawaiian Airlines, JetBlue, Spirit, Sun Country, and United. Delta operates a Sky Club in the terminal.

The Terminal 3 Modernization project involved three components, which improved the capacity and convenience features of the terminal. This project updated the terminal after its previous renovation in 1997. Component One opened December 2016 and redeveloped the central terminal building, creating a consolidated security checkpoint, new airline ticket counters, an updated Museum Gallery, HVAC enhancements, and increased baggage handling capacity. Component Two involved the complete demolition and reconstruction of the southern concourse, which was opened in January 2019. The new linear concourse includes new shops and retail, as well as a new Delta Air Lines Sky Club.[36] Component Three renovated the North Concourse amenities, with a new United Club included.[37] The third phase was completed in early February 2020, with the remaining Terminal 2 airlines moved to Terminal 3 and the closure of Terminal 2.[32][31][38]

Terminal 4

The terminal, officially named Barry M. Goldwater Terminal 4, is the airport's largest and busiest terminal, and it functions as the hub for two airlines: American and Southwest. It holds 84 gates (A1-30, B1-28, C1-19, and D1-8) within seven concourses. The airlines using Terminal 4 are American, British Airways, Southwest, Volaris, and WestJet. Terminal 4 is the exclusive international customs arrival terminal. Reflecting its longtime presence at Sky Harbor, American operates three Admirals Club locations in the terminal.[39] Terminal 4 also houses the Sky Harbor USO Club, available for active, reserve, and retired military personnel and their spouses and dependents.

A new eighth concourse is under construction for Southwest and will provide eight additional gates (D11-D18).[1] McCarthy Building Companies was awarded the $310 million contract, which is expected to add over 130,000 square feet to the final concourse. Project plans include new retail and dining space, a new connector bridge to the A gates and improvements to the Terminal 4 processor and Security Checkpoint D. The project is scheduled for completion in 2022.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

As of August 2020 PHX serves over 100 destinations all over the United States, and also serves international destinations in Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom and Germany.[40]

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Advanced Air Hawthorne (CA), Silver City [41]
Air Canada Seasonal: Calgary, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver [42]
Air Canada Express Seasonal: Calgary, Vancouver [42]
Air Canada Rouge Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau
[42]
Alaska Airlines Everett, Portland (OR), San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Anchorage
[43]
American Airlines Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Boise, Boston, Cancún, Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Columbus-Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Des Moines, Detroit, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Lihue, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Mazatlán, Mexico City, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, Newark, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José del Cabo, Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, St. Louis, Tampa, Washington-National
Seasonal: Cincinnati, Cleveland (resumes November 7, 2020),[44]Fresno, Grand Rapids, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Memphis, Nashville (begins November 4, 2020),[45]New Orleans, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Barbara, Tucson, Vancouver
[46]
American Eagle Albuquerque, Bakersfield, Burbank, Dallas/Fort Worth, Durango (CO), Eugene, El Paso, Flagstaff, Fresno, Grand Junction, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Houston-Intercontinental, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Lubbock, Medford, Memphis, Midland/Odessa, Monterey, Oklahoma City, Ontario, Palm Springs, Redmond/Bend, Reno/Tahoe, Roswell, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Fe, Santa Rosa, Sioux Falls, St. George (UT), Tucson, Yuma
Seasonal: Aspen, Billings (begins November 4, 2020),[47]Bismarck (begins November 4, 2020),[48]Calgary (resumes November 4, 2020),[49]Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Eagle/Vail, Fargo, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Jackson Hole, La Paz (begins December 18, 2020),[50]Loreto (begins December 17, 2020),[51]Madison, Manzanillo, Mazatlán, Montrose, San Jose (CA), Tulsa (begins November 4, 2020),[52]
[46]
Boutique Air Cortez, Palm Springs, Show Low [53]
British Airways London-Heathrow [54]
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt [55]
Contour Airlines Page [56]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Cincinnati
[57]
Delta Connection Los Angeles [57]
Eurowings Frankfurt (begins March 28, 2021) [58][58]
Frontier Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, Denver, Las Vegas, Newark, Philadelphia (begins November 12, 2020),[59]Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Francisco [60]
Seasonal: Detroit, Los Angeles, San Jose (CA)
[60]
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu [61]
JetBlue Boston, Fort Lauderdale, Newark, New York-JFK [62]
JSX Burbank, Las Vegas [63]
Southwest Airlines Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Boise, Buffalo, Burbank, Charlotte (begins November 23, 2020), Chicago-Midway, Cleveland, Columbus-Glenn, Dallas-Love, Denver, Detroit, El Paso, Fort Lauderdale, Houston-Hobby, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Louisville, Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, New Orleans, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Palm Springs (begins November 15, 2020),[64]Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José del Cabo, Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, St. Louis, Tampa, Tulsa, Wichita
Seasonal: Cincinnati, Des Moines, Little Rock, Philadelphia
[65]
Spirit Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare, Minneapolis/St. Paul
[66]
Minneapolis/St. Paul [67]
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles
Seasonal: Los Angeles
[68]
United Express Los Angeles, San Francisco
Seasonal: Houston-Intercontinental
[68]
Volaris Culiacán, Guadalajara, Puerto Vallarta [69]
WestJet Calgary
Seasonal: Edmonton, Kelowna, Regina, Saskatoon, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Winnipeg
[70]

Cargo

Statistics

Top destinations

Busiest domestic routes from PHX
(July 2019 - June 2020)
[81]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Denver, Colorado 813,000 American, Frontier, Southwest, United
2 Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 692,000 Alaska, American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit
3 Chicago-O'Hare, Illinois 634,000 American, Frontier, Spirit, United
4 Los Angeles, California 625,000 American, Delta, Frontier, Southwest, United
5 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 559,000 American, Spirit
6 Minneapolis/Saint Paul, Minnesota 528,000 American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country
7 Las Vegas, Nevada 513,000 American, Frontier, JSX, Southwest, Sun Country
8 San Diego, California 506,000 American, Frontier, Southwest
9 Salt Lake City, Utah 458,000 American, Delta, Frontier, Southwest
10 Atlanta, Georgia 400,000 American, Delta, Southwest
Busiest international routes from PHX (2019)[82]
Rank City 2019 Passengers Carriers
1 London-Heathrow, United Kingdom 301,378 American, British Airways
2 Calgary, Canada 282,672 Air Canada, WestJet
3 San José del Cabo, Mexico 278,390 American
4 Vancouver, Canada 217,803 Air Canada, American, WestJet
5 Toronto-Pearson, Canada 186,075 Air Canada, WestJet
6 Puerto Vallarta, Mexico 160,219 American, Volaris
7 Guadalajara, Mexico 107,627 American, Volaris
8 Edmonton, Canada 103,497 American, WestJet
9 Cancún, Mexico 96,116 American
10 Mexico City, Mexico 85,356 American

Annual traffic

Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at PHX, 2000-present[83][84]
Year Passengers Year Passengers
2000 36,044,281 2011 40,592,295
2001 35,437,051 2012 40,448,932
2002 35,547,432 2013 40,341,614
2003 37,423,502 2014 42,134,662
2004 39,504,323 2015 44,006,206
2005 41,204,071 2016 43,383,528
2006 41,436,498 2017 43,921,670
2007 42,184,515 2018 44,943,686
2008 39,891,193 2019 46,288,337
2009 37,824,982 2020 14,746,688 (YTD thru August)
2010 38,554,530 2021

Carrier share

Carrier shares: (Jun. 2019 - May 2020)[81]
Carrier Passengers (arriving and departing)
American Airlines
Southwest Airlines
Delta Air Lines
Mesa Airlines
United Airlines
Other

Ground transportation

PHX Sky Train

Travelers can access both terminals from the East Economy Parking by using the PHX Sky Train.[85] There is also terminal parking adjacent to each terminal.[86] The airport continues to provide shuttle bus service between the terminals and the rental car center with separate routes serving each terminal until the PHX Sky Train project is complete.

Valley Metro bus route 13 has a stop near the Airport's Operations building, west of Terminal 3.[87] Travelers connecting to the Greyhound station can use the Valley Metro route 13, eliminating the need to walk, which is not advised. The Valley Metro Rail has a stop at the nearby 44th St/Washington light rail station. A moving sidewalk bridge over Washington Street allows light rail passengers to arrive at the nearby PHX Sky Train station and then onward to stations at the East Economy Parking Lot and Terminal 3 and 4. Valley Metro bus routes 44 serve the PHX Sky Train station at 44th Street and Washington.[88]

A number of taxi, limousine, ride share and shuttle companies provide service between each airport terminal, the Phoenix metropolitan area, and other communities throughout the state.[89]

By road, the airport terminals are served by East Sky Harbor Boulevard, which is fed by Interstate 10, Arizona State Routes 143 and 202.

PHX Sky Train

The PHX Sky Train is an automated people-mover, much like those found at other airports, that transports Sky Harbor passengers from the 44th Street and Washington Light Rail station to Sky Harbor's East Economy Parking lot, through both terminals. Phase 1 opened on April 8, 2013, and runs from the 44th Street and Washington Light Rail station, to East Economy Parking and on to Terminal 4.[90] Phase 1A shuttles passengers to Terminal 3. Phase 1A opened on December 8, 2014.[91] Phase 2 will transport passengers to the Rental Car Center. Phase 2 is not expected to be completed prior to 2022.[91]

Accidents and incidents

Date Flight number Information
27 June 1969 N/A A Cessna 182 Skylane, flying from Hawthorne Airport in Hawthorne, California, to Sky Harbor, hit the high-tension power lines east of the airport and crashed at 10:48 pm in the Salt River bed while attempting to land on Runway 26R, knocking out power to the airport and killing all three passengers on board. This incident has been the only fatal accident on airport property.[92]
13 March 1990 N/A An Alaska Airlines Boeing 727 taking off from PHX struck and killed a male who breached security and ran onto the runway. There were no injuries on the 727. Airport authorities determined he was a patient at a nearby mental hospital.[93]

See also

References

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  2. ^ "Passenger and Traffic Statistics for 2015". City of Phoenix - Aviation Department. 2017. Archived from the original on May 10, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
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  5. ^ Brodesky, Josh (February 15, 2013). "Loss of a corporate headquarters may cost Phoenix jobs, prestige". The Dallas Morning News. The Arizona Republic. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ "161st Air Refueling Wing". Arizona Air National Guard. Archived from the original on June 30, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
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  8. ^ a b Thompson, Clay (January 14, 2001). "Valley 101: A Slightly Skewed Guide to Living in Arizona". The Arizona Republic. Archived from the original on July 16, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  9. ^ Butler, Jessie (May 27, 2018). "American Airlines and Tucson celebrate 90 years together". Tucson Airport Authority. Retrieved 2020.
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  16. ^ a b c Lehman, William. "US Airways: A Heritage Story". US Airways. Archived from the original on February 20, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
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  25. ^ "Airport Statistics". www.skyharbor.com. Archived from the original on September 15, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  26. ^ "2019 Airport Rankings Tables and Methodology". Wall Street Journal. November 13, 2019. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2020.
  27. ^ McCartney, Scott (November 13, 2019). "The Best and Worst U.S. Airports of 2019". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2020.
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  39. ^ "Admirals Club,". American Airlines. Archived from the original on December 10, 2015. Retrieved 2015. Recently renamed from US Airways Club to Admirals Club.
  40. ^ https://www.skyharbor.com/flights/WhereWeFly/DomesticDestinations
  41. ^ "Route Map and Schedule". Archived from the original on January 6, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
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  43. ^ "Flight Timetable". Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved 2017.,
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External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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