Phitsanulok Province
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Phitsanulok Province
Phitsanulok

Flag of Phitsanulok
Flag
Official seal of Phitsanulok
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Phitsanulok Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Phitsanulok Province
CountryThailand
CapitalPhitsanulok
Government
 o GovernorPiphat Akphaphan (since 2019)
Area
 o Total10,816 km2 (4,176 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 16th
Population
(2018)
 o Total866,891[1]
 o Rank Ranked 28th
 o Density rankRanked 61st
Human Achievement Index[2]
 o HAI (2014)0.6171  "somewhat low"
ranked 48th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
65xxx
Calling code055
Vehicle registration
Founded11th century
Websitehttp://www.phitsanulok.go.th

Phitsanulok (Thai: , pronounced [p?ít.s?.nú.lô:k]), one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces, lies in upper central Thailand. It borders Sukhothai and Uttaradit on the north, Loei and Phetchabun to the east, and Phichit and Kamphaeng Phet to the south. In the northeast it borders Laos.

Its name means 'Vishnu's heaven'. The first element, Phitsanu (Thai?), is a cognate of "Vishnu", a Hindu god. The second element lok (Thai: ) means 'globe' or 'world'.

The capital is Phitsanulok.

History

The lands of present-day Phitsanulok Province were inhabited since the stone age, although the neolithic inhabitants of the region are not likely to have been the ancestors of the modern Thai people who reside there today. The earliest historical records relating to the area indicate that at a time prior to or during the 11th century, the present-day city of Phitsanulok was a small strategic Khmer outpost known as Song Khwae. During the next century, in 1188, Nakhon Thai, near the center of the present Phitsanulok Province, was established as the capital city of the Singhanavati Kingdom, an early city-state of Thailand. Later, during Thailand's Sukhothai Period, the city of Phitsanulok emerged as a major city in the east of the Sukhothai Kingdom, and the great temples of Wat Chula Manee, Wat Aranyik and Wat Chedi Yod Thong were constructed. In 1357, the renowned Wat Phra Sri Rattana Mahathat was erected, and the Ayutthaya Period witnessed the construction of several of the province's other chief temples. Phitsanulok served for 25 years as the capital city of the Ayutthaya Kingdom. In 1555, King Naresuan the Great was born in Phitsanulok. Naresuan played a significant role in the history of Thailand, as he expanded the kingdom (then called Siam) to its greatest territorial extent by conquering sizable portions of modern-day Burma and Cambodia. In recent times, Phitsanulok Province has become an important agricultural center, part of the "bread basket of Thailand", providing rice and other crops to consumers in Thailand and throughout the world. Extensive agricultural development over the last hundred years or so has spawned a modern infrastructure in the urban areas of the province, bringing with it an array of modern roads, universities, hospitals and other conveniences. Over the years, the Nan River and its tributaries have played a substantial role in the history and development of the region by providing a route for transportation, fertile soil for agriculture, and water for irrigation. The river waters have also served as a route for enemy invaders, and have been the source of periodic widespread flooding throughout the province.

Symbols

Phra Phuttha Chinnarat
  • The provincial seal depicts Phra Buddha Chinnarat, considered one of the most beautiful Buddha figures in Thailand.
  • The provincial flag is purple with the provincial seal in the middle of the flag.
  • The provincial tree is the tree jasmine, Thai dok phip or kasalong ?.
  • The provincial flower is the yellow flame tree, Thai dok nonthri .
  • The provincial animal is the Thai Bangkaew Dog, in Thai sunakh bangkaew .
  • The provincial mascot is the yellow white tail fighting cock, Thai kai lueng hang khao .
  • The provincial motto is, "Phitsanulok, a town of the excellent Phra Buddha Chinnarat, the birthplace of King Naresuan the Great, a raft community, with delicious dried bananas as well as fantastic caves and waterfalls".[]

Religion

Phra Phuttha Chinnarat

As of 2010 the population of Phitsanulok was 95 percent Buddhist.

National parks

Human achievement index 2014

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development.[2]
Phitsanulok province, with a HAI value of 0.6171, takes 48th place in the rankings. This is "somewhat low" between the values of 0.5214 and 0.6067.

Index for the province Phitsanulok[2]
HAI indices Indicators Rank list
Health 7 60th
Education 4 14th
Employment 4 50th
Income 4 57th
Housing and living environment 5 11th
Family and community life 6 62nd
Transport and communication 6 26th
Participation 4 60th

Administrative divisions

Phitsanulok province consists of 9 districts (amphoe). These are further subdivided into 93 subdistricts (tambon) and 1052 villages (muban).[1] As of 31 December 2018 there are: 1 Phitsanulok Provincial Administrative Organisation - PPOA (ongkan borihan suan changwat phitsanulok), 1 City municipality (thesaban nakhon) and 1 Town municipality (thesaban mueang). Further there are: 24 Subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon) and 76 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[3]

Districts map Phitsanulok province # Name Thai Population Tambon Muban
Districts Phitsanulok province.png
1 Mueang Phitsanulok ? 291,642 20 177
2 Nakhon Thai 87,647 11 145
3 Chat trakan ? 41,329 6 72
4 Bang Rakam ? 95,028 11 142
5 Bang Krathum ? 47,551 9 87
6 Phrom Phiram 86,682 12 123
7 Wat Bot 37,777 6 61
8 Wang Thong 121,190 11 168
9 Noen Maprang ? 58,045 7 77

Transport

Phitsanulok Station

Air

Phitsanulok is served by Phitsanulok Airport.

Rail

Phitsanulok's main station is Phitsanulok Railway Station.

Health

Phitsanulok's main hospital is Buddhachinaraj Phitsanulok Hospital, operated by the Ministry of Public Health.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "? ?.?.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community (Report). United Nations Development Programme. pp. 93-166. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ "Local government organization information separated by provinces". Department of Local Administration. 1 December 2017. Retrieved 2019, at the Wayback Machine.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Phitsanulok_Province
 



 



 
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