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Map of Thailand highlighting Phitsanulok Province
|o Governor||Piphat Akphaphan (since 2019)|
|o Total||10,816 km2 (4,176 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 16th|
|o Rank||Ranked 28th|
|o Density rank||Ranked 61st|
|Human Achievement Index|
|o HAI (2014)||0.6171 "somewhat low"|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
Phitsanulok (Thai: , pronounced [p?ít.s?.nú.lô:k]), one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces, lies in upper central Thailand. It borders Sukhothai and Uttaradit on the north, Loei and Phetchabun to the east, and Phichit and Kamphaeng Phet to the south. In the northeast it borders Laos.
Its name means 'Vishnu's heaven'. The first element, Phitsanu (Thai?), is a cognate of "Vishnu", a Hindu god. The second element lok (Thai: ) means 'globe' or 'world'.
The capital is Phitsanulok.
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|Modern Siam / Thailand|
The lands of present-day Phitsanulok Province were inhabited since the stone age, although the neolithic inhabitants of the region are not likely to have been the ancestors of the modern Thai people who reside there today. The earliest historical records relating to the area indicate that at a time prior to or during the 11th century, the present-day city of Phitsanulok was a small strategic Khmer outpost known as Song Khwae. During the next century, in 1188, Nakhon Thai, near the center of the present Phitsanulok Province, was established as the capital city of the Singhanavati Kingdom, an early city-state of Thailand. Later, during Thailand's Sukhothai Period, the city of Phitsanulok emerged as a major city in the east of the Sukhothai Kingdom, and the great temples of Wat Chula Manee, Wat Aranyik and Wat Chedi Yod Thong were constructed. In 1357, the renowned Wat Phra Sri Rattana Mahathat was erected, and the Ayutthaya Period witnessed the construction of several of the province's other chief temples. Phitsanulok served for 25 years as the capital city of the Ayutthaya Kingdom. In 1555, King Naresuan the Great was born in Phitsanulok. Naresuan played a significant role in the history of Thailand, as he expanded the kingdom (then called Siam) to its greatest territorial extent by conquering sizable portions of modern-day Burma and Cambodia. In recent times, Phitsanulok Province has become an important agricultural center, part of the "bread basket of Thailand", providing rice and other crops to consumers in Thailand and throughout the world. Extensive agricultural development over the last hundred years or so has spawned a modern infrastructure in the urban areas of the province, bringing with it an array of modern roads, universities, hospitals and other conveniences. Over the years, the Nan River and its tributaries have played a substantial role in the history and development of the region by providing a route for transportation, fertile soil for agriculture, and water for irrigation. The river waters have also served as a route for enemy invaders, and have been the source of periodic widespread flooding throughout the province.
As of 2010 the population of Phitsanulok was 95 percent Buddhist.
Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development.
Phitsanulok province, with a HAI value of 0.6171, takes 48th place in the rankings. This is "somewhat low" between the values of 0.5214 and 0.6067.
|HAI indices||Indicators||Rank list|
|Housing and living environment||5||11th|
|Family and community life||6||62nd|
|Transport and communication||6||26th|
Phitsanulok province consists of 9 districts (amphoe). These are further subdivided into 93 subdistricts (tambon) and 1052 villages (muban). As of 31 December 2018 there are: 1 Phitsanulok Provincial Administrative Organisation - PPOA (ongkan borihan suan changwat phitsanulok), 1 City municipality (thesaban nakhon) and 1 Town municipality (thesaban mueang). Further there are: 24 Subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon) and 76 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).
|Districts map Phitsanulok province||#||Name||Thai||Population||Tambon||Muban|
Phitsanulok is served by Phitsanulok Airport.
Phitsanulok's main station is Phitsanulok Railway Station.