Pherendates
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Pherendates
Pherendates
Satrap of Egypt
Western part of the Achaemenid Empire.jpg
Pherendates was satrap of the Achaemenid Province of Egypt.
PredecessorAryandes
SuccessorAchaemenes
Dynasty27th Dynasty
PharaohDarius I
FatherMegabazus

Pherendates (from the Old Persian Farnad?ta[1]) was an Achaemenid satrap of ancient Egypt during the 5th century BCE, at the time of the Achaemenid 27th Dynasty of Egypt.

Career

A son of Megabazus, a commander under king Darius I,[2] Pherendates is mainly attested from three letters written in Egyptian Demotic. He replaced the satrap Aryandes who was deposed by Darius around 496 BCE;[1] although the exact accession date of Pherendates is unknown. Pherendates was definitely the satrap in 492 BCE.[3]

In the aforementioned letters, certain priests of the local temple of Khnum at Elephantine asked Pherendates to take care of some of their business in their place, a rather standard request to the pharaoh (or his representative, such as in this case) in any period of ancient Egyptian history.[1]

In 486-485 BCE a revolt occurred in Egypt, only for being quelled in 484 BCE by a new satrap, Achaemenes. It is possible that Pherendates lost his life during the turmoil.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Ray, John D. (2006). "Egypt, 525-404 B.C.". In Boardman, John; Hammond, N.D.L.; Lewis, D.M.; Ostwald, M. (eds.). The Cambridge Ancient History (2nd ed.), vol. IV - Persia, Greece and the Western Mediterranean c. 525 to 479 B.C. Cambridge University Press. p. 266. ISBN 0 521 22804 2.
  2. ^ http://asiaminor.ehw.gr/Forms/fLemmaBody.aspx?lemmaId=7970#noteendNote_10
  3. ^ ARYANDES at the Encyclopædia Iranica.

Further reading

  • Hughes, G.R. (1984). Grammata Demotika. Wiesbaden. pp. 75-86.
  • Spiegelberg, Wilhelm (1928). "Drei demotische Schreiben aus der Korrespondenz des Pherendates". Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, phil-hist. Klasse (Berlin): 604ff.
Preceded by
Aryandes
Satrap of Egypt
c.496 - c.486 BCE
Succeeded by
Achaemenes



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Pherendates
 



 



 
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