Petersham is a village in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the east of the bend in the River Thames south of Richmond, which it shares with neighbouring Ham. It provides the foreground of the scenic view from Richmond Hill across Petersham Meadows, with Ham House further along the river. Other nearby places include Twickenham, Isleworth, Teddington, Mortlake and Roehampton.
Petersham appears in
(1086) as Domesday Book Patricesham. It was held by Chertsey Abbey. Its assets were: 4  hides; 1 church, 5 ploughs, 1 fishery worth 1000 eels and 1000 lampreys, 3 acres (1.2 ha) of meadow. It rendered £6 10s 0d. 
The village was the birthplace in 1682 of
Archibald Campbell, later 3rd Duke of Argyll and Earl of Islay. He went on to found the Royal Bank of Scotland in Edinburgh in 1727, and his face is on the obverse of all of the Royal Bank's current banknotes. 
George Vancouver retired to Petersham, where he wrote while living in what is now called Glen Cottage in River Lane. He died in 1798 and is buried in the churchyard of A Voyage Of Discovery to the North Pacific Ocean, and Round the World Petersham Parish Church. The Portland stone monument over his grave, renovated in the 1960s, is now Grade II listed in view of its historical associations. 
Queen Victoria granted Pembroke Lodge in the Petersham part of Richmond Park to John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, and it became the Russell family home. Lord Russell's grandson,  Bertrand Russell, spent some of his childhood there.  During  World War II the GHQ Liaison Regiment (also known as Phantom) established its regimental headquarters nearby at The Richmond Hill Hotel, with its base (including the  officers' mess and billet) at Pembroke Lodge. 
In the early 19th century,
Charles Stanhope, styled Lord Petersham, later Earl of Harrington, gave the Petersham name to a type of greatcoat. In 1955 Petersham also gave its name to  HMS Petersham which was a  Ham class minesweeper.
Notable buildings Listed buildings include a watchman's box that also served as a village lock-up and dates from 1787.  
Petersham Road (part of the
A307) includes an extremely sharp right-angled bend edged by a pair of handsome wrought-iron gates. This is the entrance to Montrose House, one of the most notable houses in Petersham. After a spate of serious accidents on the bend in the road, the neighbours formed a group in the 1850s called Trustees of the Road. The Hon. Algernon Tollemache of Ham House was their leader and they managed to persuade the owner of Montrose House to part with some land to reduce the sharpness of the bend. But various dents in the brick wall today reveal that motorists are still taken unawares by it. 
Adjacent to Montrose House and equally as impressive is Rutland Lodge, built in 1666 for a
Lord Mayor of London. 
Another interesting house in Petersham is
Douglas House, just off the west drive to Ham House. One of its more notable inhabitants was Catherine, Duchess of Queensberry. In 1969 it was bought by the Federal Republic of Germany for use as a German school. New buildings have been erected in the grounds, but the original house and stables have been preserved. 
Petersham is served by only two bus routes: the
65 and 371, both linking the town with Richmond and Kingston upon Thames.
Education Deutsche Schule, London (The
German School London) is based at Douglas House The Russell Primary School on Petersham Road was previously called the Orchard Primary School
The Russell School on Petersham Road was founded in 1851 by
Lord John Russell who served twice as Britain's Prime Minister. It was originally located in Richmond Park, near Petersham Gate, irreparably damaged by a bomb in 1943 and demolished.  Sudbrook School is a nursery school on Bute Avenue
St Peter's Church
Petersham Parish Church is believed to pre-date the
Norman conquest of England as a church at Petersham is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086. 
All Saints' Church
All Saints' on Bute Avenue was built as a church but was never consecrated.
It was built between 1899 and 1909 by  Leeds architect John Kelly for Mrs Rachael Warde (née Walker) (1841-1906) as a memorial to her parents  who had lived at  Petersham House. During World War II it was used as an Anti-Aircraft Command post and it has also been used as a recording studio and as a filming location.  It is now a private residence.  
Sport Richmond Golf Club is situated in Sudbrook Park and House.  Ham and Petersham Cricket Club, whose home matches are played in Ham, was established in 1815. 
Ranelagh Harriers running club is based behind The Dysart restaurant. 
Daisy Ashford (1881-1972), an English writer who is most famous for writing , was born at Elm Lodge, Petersham. The Young Visiters  
Chris Brasher (1928-2003), athlete, sports journalist and co-founder of the London Marathon, lived in River Lane, Petersham.  The author and illustrator
Charles George Harper (1863-1943) lived in Petersham in later life, and died there in 1943. 
Prince Rupert Loewenstein (1933-2014), aristocrat, merchant banker and longtime financial manager of The Rolling Stones, lived in Petersham Lodge in River Lane, a former grace-and-favour mansion, purchased for about £2 million in 1987. It is an early 18th-century house, built for the Duchess of Queensberry, and Grade II listed by  Historic England. 
Beverley Nichols (1898-1983), author, lived at Sudbrook Cottage in Sudbrook Park, Petersham.  George Vancouver (1757-1798), Captain in the Royal Navy and one of Britain's greatest explorers and navigators, is thought to have lived in Glen Cottage on River Lane in Petersham; he is buried in St Peter's churchyard. 
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^ a b
Petersham in the Domesday Book
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