People's Democratic Party (Nigeria)
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People's Democratic Party Nigeria
People's Democratic Party
ChairpersonUche Secondus[1]
SecretaryBen Obi (Secretary of the Caretaker Committee)
Chair of Governors ForumAminu Tambuwal
Founded1998; 22 years ago (1998)
HeadquartersWadata Plaza, Michael Okpara Way, Wuse Zone 5, Abuja
Political positionCentre-right[2]
Colours             Green, white, red
SloganPower to the people
Seats in the House
Seats in the Senate

The People's Democratic Party (PDP) is a major contemporary political party in Nigeria.[3] Its policies generally lie towards the centre-right of the political spectrum.[2] It won every Presidential election between 1999 and 2011, and was until the 2015 elections, the governing party in the Fourth Republic although in some cases, amid a few controversial electoral circumstances.[4] Currently, PDP controls 15 states out of 36 states in Nigeria.[5]


PDP National Headquarter, Abuja

In 1998, the PDP in its first presidential primary election held in Jos, Plateau State, North Central Nigeria norminated former military leader Olusegun Obasanjo who had just been released from detention as political prisoner as the presidential candidate in the elections of February 1999, with Atiku Abubakar (Governor-Elect of Adamawa State and a former leading member of the Social Democratic Party) as his running mate. They won the presidential election and were inaugurated 29 May 1999.

In the legislative election held on 12 April 2003, the party won 54.5% of the popular vote and 223 out of 360 seats in the House of Representatives, and 76 out of 109 seats in the Senate. Its candidate in the presidential election of 19 April 2003, Olusegun Obasanjo, was re-elected with 61.9% of the vote.[6] In December 2006, Umaru Yar'Adua (formerly of the People's Redemption Party and the Social Democratic Party) was chosen as the presidential candidate of the ruling PDP for the April 2007 general election, receiving 3,024 votes from party delegates; his closest rival, Rochas Okorocha, received only 372 votes.[7] Yar'Adua was eventually declared the winner of the 2007 general elections, held on April 21, and was sworn in on May 29, 2007, amid widespread allegations of electoral fraud. In the Nigerian National Assembly election, the party won 260 out of 360 seats in the House of Representatives and 85 out of 109 seats in the Senate.[8] At the PDP's 2008 National Convention, it chose Prince Vincent Ogbulafor as its National Chairman on March 8, 2008.[9][10] Ogbulafor, who was the PDP's National Secretary from 2001 to 2005, was the party's consensus choice for the position of National Chairman, selected as an alternative to the rival leading candidates Sam Egwu (who was backed by Obasanjo) and Anyim Pius Anyim. All 26 other candidates, including Egwu and Anyim, withdrew in favor of Ogbulafor. Meanwhile, Alhaji Abubakar Kawu Baraje was elected as National Secretary.[10]
In 2011, after the People's Democratic Party saw members defect for the Action Congress of Nigeria, some political commentators suspected that the PDP would lose the Presidency.[11][12] Following PDP candidate Goodluck Jonathan's victory in the 2011 elections, it was reported that there were violent protests from northern youth.[13]


The longtime slogan of the People's Democratic Party has been "Power to the people". During the party's National Convention in Port Harcourt, Rivers State on 21 May 2016, David Mark, a former President of the Senate of Nigeria, introduced "Change the change" as the party's campaign slogan for the 2019 general elections.[14]

Political ideology

The party has a neoliberal stance in its economic policies and maintains a conservative stance on certain social issues, such as same-sex relations.[]

Economic issues

The PDP favors free-market policies which support economic liberalism, and limited government regulation. In 2003, President Olusegun Obasanjo and Finance Minister Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala embarked on a radical economic reform program, which reduced government spending through conservative fiscal policies, and saw the deregulation and privatization of numerous industries in Nigerian services sector -- notably the Nigerian Telecommunications (NITEL) industry.[15]

On the other hand, the PDP adopts a more leftist stance towards poverty and welfare. In 2005, President Obasanjo launched Nigeria's first National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) to ensure that every Nigerian has access to basic health care services.[16]

The PDP strives to maintain the status quo on oil revenue distribution. Though the PDP government set up the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) to address the needs of the oil-producing Niger Delta states, it has rebuffed repeated efforts to revert to the 50% to 50% federal-to-state government revenue allocation agreement established in 1966 during the First Republic.[17]

Social issues

The PDP is against same-sex relations, and favors social conservatism on moral and religious grounds. In 2007, the PDP-dominated National Assembly sponsored a bill to outlaw homosexual relations, making it punishable by law for up to 14 years in prison.[18]

The party is a moderate advocate of state-autonomy and religious freedom for the Nigerian states. In the year 2000 the introduction of Islamic law in some states in Northern Nigeria triggered sectarian violence in Kaduna and Abia states. The PDP-led federal government refused to bow to pressure from the southern, predominantly Christian states to repeal the law, and instead opted for a compromise where Islamic law would only apply to Muslims.[19]

Tunde Ayeni, chairman of the PDP fundraising event in December 2014 who donated N2 billion was involved in the mismanagement of bank's funds.[20]

2015 elections

In the 2015 elections, the incumbent president and PDP presidential nominee, Goodluck Jonathan, was defeated by General Muhammadu Buhari of the All Progressives Congress by 55% to 45%, losing by 2.6 million votes, out of approximately 28.6 million valid votes cast. Out of Nigeria's 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, General Muhammadu Buhari won 21 states while President Goodluck Jonathan won 15 states and the Federal Capital Territory.[21]

2019 elections

In the 2019 elections, former vice president Atiku Abubakar and PDP presidential candidadate and his party rejected the outcome of the elections as INEC was yet to conclude the process and make an official pronouncement. On the 25th of February, PDP National Party Chair, Prince Uche Secondus alleged that the result as announced by INEC were incorrect.

PDP Supporters during a Political rally at the Headquarters


  1. ^ "Supreme court sacks Sheriff, declares Makarfi authentic PDP chairman - TheCable". 12 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b Okonta, Ike (12 April 2003). "Nigerians struggle to hold on to their precarious democracy". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2014.
  3. ^ Campbell, John (2010). Nigeria: Dancing on the Brink. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 9. ISBN 1442206918. Retrieved 2014.
  4. ^ Osumah, Oarhe; Ikelegbe, Augustine. "The Peoples Democratic Party and Governance in Nigeria, 1999- 2007" (PDF). Retrieved 2014.
  5. ^ "PDP State Governors".
  6. ^ Sam Ade, Alex (23 April 2011). "Presidential elections 1999-2011 in figures". Vanguard. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ Africa | Nigeria party picks its candidate. BBC News (2006-12-17). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
  8. ^ "2015 general election". INEC. Retrieved 2020.
  9. ^ Debo Abdulai, "PDP Convention: Intrigues, horse-trading as Ogbulafor emerges chairman" Archived 2008-03-12 at the Wayback Machine, Nigerian Tribune, March 9, 2008.
  10. ^ a b "Nigeria: As Ogbulafor Emerges PDP Chairman, Obasanjo Loses Grip", Daily Trust, Abuja (, March 9, 2008.
  11. ^ Obasanjo threatens to quit PDP - The Guardian Archived 2011-01-13 at the Wayback Machine. Nigerian Bulletin (2011-01-06). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
  12. ^ 2011: Defection wave in the PDP. (2010-12-02). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
  13. ^ "Things turn nasty". The Economist. The Economist. 2011-04-19. Retrieved 2012.
  14. ^ "2019: PDP adopts new slogan 'Change the Change'". WDNews. 21 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  15. ^ Nigeria Gb. (PDF). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
  16. ^ [1] Archived March 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ [2] Archived May 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Africa | Nigeria moves to tighten gay laws. BBC News (2007-02-14). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
  19. ^ AFRICA | Sharia compromise for Nigerian state. BBC News (2001-11-02). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
  20. ^ "Ex-Skye bank chief who donated N2bn to PDP campaign to be arraigned for fraud". Retrieved 2018.
  21. ^ "Election Result-Independent Nigeria Electoral Commission". INEC. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2015.

External links

Official website Edit this at Wikidata

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