Pentagonal Prism
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Pentagonal Prism
Uniform pentagonal prism
Type Prismatic uniform polyhedron
Elements F = 7, E = 15
V = 10 (? = 2)
Faces by sides 5{4}+2{5}
Schläfli symbol t{2,5} or {5}×{}
Wythoff symbol 2 5 | 2
Coxeter diagram
Symmetry group D5h, [5,2], (*522), order 20
Rotation group D5, [5,2]+, (522), order 10
References U76(c)
Dual Pentagonal dipyramid
Properties convex

Vertex figure
4.4.5
3D model of a (uniform) pentagonal prism

In geometry, the pentagonal prism is a prism with a pentagonal base. It is a type of heptahedron with 7 faces, 15 edges, and 10 vertices.

## As a semiregular (or uniform) polyhedron

If faces are all regular, the pentagonal prism is a semiregular polyhedron, more generally, a uniform polyhedron, and the third in an infinite set of prisms formed by square sides and two regular polygon caps. It can be seen as a truncated pentagonal hosohedron, represented by Schläfli symbol t{2,5}. Alternately it can be seen as the Cartesian product of a regular pentagon and a line segment, and represented by the product {5}x{}. The dual of a pentagonal prism is a pentagonal bipyramid.

The symmetry group of a right pentagonal prism is D5h of order 20. The rotation group is D5 of order 10.

## Volume

The volume, as for all prisms, is the product of the area of the pentagonal base times the height or distance along any edge perpendicular to the base. For a uniform pentagonal prism with edges h the formula is

${\displaystyle {\frac {h^{3}}{4}}{\sqrt {5(5+2{\sqrt {5}})}}}$

## Use

Nonuniform pentagonal prisms called pentaprisms are also used in optics to rotate an image through a right angle without changing its chirality.

### In 4-polytopes

It exists as cells of four nonprismatic uniform 4-polytopes in 4 dimensions:

 cantellated 600-cell cantitruncated 600-cell runcinated 600-cell runcitruncated 600-cell

## Related polyhedra

The pentagonal stephanoid has pentagonal dihedral symmetry and has the same vertices as the uniform pentagonal prism.