Penelope Spheeris
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Penelope Spheeris
Penelope Spheeris
Penelope Spheeris, 1984
Spheeris in 2013.
Born (1945-12-02) December 2, 1945 (age 72) or (1946-12-02) December 2, 1946 (age 71) (sources differ)
New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
OccupationFilm director, film producer, screenwriter
Years active1968-present
ChildrenAnna Fox

Penelope Spheeris (born December 2, 1945 or 1946; sources differ)[1][2][3] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. She has directed both documentary film and scripted films. Her best known works include the trilogy titled The Decline of Western Civilization, each covering an aspect of Los Angeles underground culture,[4] and the film Wayne's World, her highest-grossing film.[5]

Early life

Spheeris was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, to a Greek immigrant father who owned the Magic Empire Shows carnival and was a side-show strong man. Her mother was a ticket taker for a traveling carnival.[1] Spheeris has three full siblings and a number of older half-siblings from her father's first marriage.[6] She is a sister of singer Jimmie Spheeris[7] and a first cousin of musician Chris Spheeris,[7] and the Greek-French director Costa Gavras,[7] which she says has made her consider that there is a genetic component to her vocation.[7]

Spheeris spent her first seven years traveling around the American South and American Midwest with her father's carnival.[8] Her father was shot and killed in Troy, Alabama after intervening in a racial dispute. In a 2015 interview, Spheeris stated that her father had come to the aid of an African American man who had been struck on the back of the head with a cane by a white man over a dispute about cutting in front of him in line. The white man soon after returned and shot Spheeris' father dead. She states that her father's killer served no jail time, the man's legal defence apparently resting entirely on the claim that he was justified in murdering Spheeris senior as "he was defending a black."[6]

After her father's death, Spheeris and her three siblings moved with their mother to California, generally living in trailer parks with a succession of stepfathers.[9] She spent her teenage years in Orange County, graduating from Westminster High School with a daunting 'most likely to succeed' label. After high school, Spheeris attended Long Beach State College where she majored in art. She admired the teachings of George Falcon, a behavioural scientist. From his influence, Spheeris went on to study psychobiology at the University of California, Irvine, in Orange County, California, southeast of Los Angeles.[10]

Working as a waitress at Denny's and IHOP, she put herself through film school. She majored in film and has a Master of Fine Arts degree in Theater Arts from UCLA in Los Angeles, California.[11]

Career

Spheeris launched her career by producing short subjects for comedian Albert Brooks, many of them being highlights in the first season of the television series Saturday Night Live. Her first feature film was The Decline of Western Civilization (1981), a punk rock documentary that she produced as well as directed. She followed up with The Decline of Western Civilization Part II: The Metal Years, this time about the Los Angeles heavy metal scene of 1988, with footage and interviews of legendary metal bands such as Kiss, Ozzy Osbourne, Aerosmith, Megadeth and Motörhead. She later returned to the streets of Los Angeles and the punk rock scene in 1998 for the documentary The Decline of Western Civilization Part III. She was offered the chance to direct This is Spinal Tap, but declined.[12]

In addition, she worked as a writer for the television series Roseanne (1988-1997). In the 1990s, she directed Wayne's World, a comedy based on Mike Myers' skits from Saturday Night Live. The movie grossed over $183 million and became a popular hit. She directed the Wayne's World music video work for Queen's "Bohemian Rhapsody", which earned a Grammy Award nomination.[11] She had difficulty working with Myers, while acknowledging him as "profoundly talented," and in an Entertainment Weekly article stated she believes Myers dissuaded Paramount Pictures from hiring her for the sequel.[13]

In 1996, she directed We Sold Our Souls for Rock 'n Roll, a documentary about the Ozzfest, produced by Sharon Osbourne, which explored life on the road.[11]

Other films Spheeris has directed include The Beverly Hillbillies; The Little Rascals (for which she co-wrote the screenplay); the Chris Farley comedy Black Sheep; the Marlon Wayans-David Spade team-up Senseless;[11] and The Kid & I starring Tom Arnold.[11] In 2006, she was set to direct the still-unfilmed Gospel According to Janis, about Janis Joplin.[11]

The Portland Oregon Women's Film Festival named Spheeris its guest of honor for 2013.[14]

The moving image collection of Penelope Spheeris is held at the Academy Film Archive.[15] The Academy Film Archive has preserved several of Penelope Spheeris' films, including "Bath," "Hats Off To Hollywood," and "Shit."[16]

Personal life

Spheeris has a daughter, director Anna Spheeris Fox, born in 1969.[17]

Since 1998 Spheeris has been in a relationship with Sin whom she met while filming the documentary The Decline of Western Civilization III.[18]

Radio and Podcast Appearances

Spheeris appeared on WTF with Marc Maron on June 29, 2015.[19]

She appeared on Ken Reid's TV Guidance Counselor podcast on October 18, 2016.

Awards

Spheeris work has received recognition from the Directors Guild of America, The Recording Academy, Stinkers Bad Movie Awards, the Chicago International Film Festival, the Chicago Underground Film Festival, the Deep Ellum Film Festival, the LA Femme International Film Festival, the Los Angeles Greek Film Festival, the Los Angeles Silver Lake Film Festival, the Melbourne International Film Festival, the Sundance Film Festival, and the Temecula Valley International Film Festival.[20]

Filmography

Film

Year Title Credited as Role Notes
Director Producer Writer Actress
1969 Uncle Tom's Fairy Tales Yes Yes No No Feature Film
1969 Naked Angels No No No Yes Shirley Feature Film

film debut

1971 The Ski Bum No No No Yes Star the Witch Feature Film
1972 I Don't Know Yes No No No Short Film
1974 The Second Coming of Suzanne No No No Yes Margo, Logan's Film Group Feature Film
1979 Real Life No Yes No No Feature Film
1981 The Decline of Western Civilization Yes Yes Yes No Documentary
1983 Suburbia Yes No Yes No Feature Film
1985 The Boys Next Door Yes No No No Feature Film
1986 Hollywood Vice Squad Yes No No No Feature Film
1987 Dudes Yes No No No Feature Film
1987 Summer Camp Nightmare No No Yes No Feature Film
1988 The Decline of Western Civilization Part II: The Metal Years Yes No No No Documentary
1989 Wedding Band No No No Yes Nicky's Mom Feature Film
1990 Thunder and Mud Yes No No No Documentary
1991 Rap's Most Wanted Yes No No No Documentary
1992 Wayne's World Yes No No Yes uncredited extra Feature Film
1993 The Beverly Hillbillies Yes Yes No No Feature Film
1994 The Little Rascals Yes No Yes No Feature Film
1996 Black Sheep Yes No No No Feature Film
1998 The Decline of Western Civilization Part III Yes No No No Documentary
1998 Senseless Yes No No No Feature Film
1998 The Thing in Bob's Garage Yes No No No Feature Film
1999 Hollyweird Yes No No No Documentary
2001 We Sold Our Souls for Rock 'n Roll Yes No No No Documentary
2005 The Kid & I Yes Yes No No Feature Film
2011 Balls to the Wall Yes No No No Feature Film

Television

Year Title Credited as Notes
Director Producer Writer
1975-1976 Saturday Night LIVE! No Yes No 9 episodes
1989-1990 Roseanne No No Yes 24 episodes (story editor)
Episode: "Fender Bender" (writer)
1991 Prison Stories: Women on the Inside Yes No No Television Movie; segment "3"
1991 Visitors from the Unknown Yes No No Television Movie
1991 UFO Abductions Yes No No Television Movie
1993 Danger Theatre Yes Yes Yes 3 episodes (director)
7 episodes (executive producer)
5 episodes (writer)
1998 Applewood 911 Yes No No Television Movie
2000 Dear Doughboy Yes No No Television Movie
2003 The Crooked E: The Unshredded Truth About Enron Yes No No Television Movie
2003 75th Academy Awards Yes Yes No segment "Tribute to Documentaries"
2004 Cracking Up Yes No No Episode: "Prom Night"
2011 Five Yes No No Television Movie; segment "Cheyanne"
2012 The Real St. Nick Yes No No Television Movie

Music Videos

Year Title Artist Notes
1987 "Wake Up Dead" Megadeth Director
1988 "I Did It for Love" Night Ranger Director
1992 "Bohemian Rhapsody" (Wayne's World Version) Queen Director

Reception

Critical, public, and commercial reception to films Spheeris has directed.

Film Rotten Tomatoes[21] Metacritic[22] CinemaScore Budget Box office
The Decline of Western Civilization N/A 93 N/A N/A N/A
Suburbia 91% N/A N/A N/A N/A
The Decline of Western Civilization Part II: The Metal Years 86% 58 N/A N/A N/A
Wayne's World 86% 57 A- $20 million $183 million
The Beverly Hillbillies 23% 37 N/A N/A $57.4 million
The Little Rascals 23% 45 N/A N/A $67.3 million
Black Sheep 28% N/A N/A N/A $32.4 million
Senseless 6% 36 N/A N/A $12.8 million
The Decline of Western Civilization - Part III 100% 77 N/A N/A N/A
The Kid & I N/A 37 N/A N/A N/A

References

  1. ^ a b "Penelope Spheeris Biography (1945?-)". FilmReference.com. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ "Penelope Spheeris". British Film Institute. Retrieved 2016. Born: 1946, New Orleans, Louisiana
  3. ^ Kuhn, Annette; Radstone, Susannah, eds. (1994). "Penelope Spheeris (1946- )". The Women's Companion to International Film. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520088795.
  4. ^ "Penelope Spheeris". Woman's Hour. 21 July 2006. BBC. Radio 4. Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ Diamond, Jamie (April 12, 1992). "FILM; Penelope Spheeris: From Carny Life To 'Wayne's World'". The New York Times. Retrieved .
  6. ^ a b "Episode 615 - Penelope Spheeris". WTF with Marc Maron. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d "Profile". Archived from the original on 2012-01-19. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "Penelope Spheeris". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011.
  9. ^ "Episode 615 - Penelope Spheeris". WTF with Marc Maron. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ Paul Stenning, Success - By Those Who've Made It. 2013, p.73.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "Penelope Spheeris biodata". PenelopeSpheeris.com. 2008. Retrieved .
  12. ^ "Penelope Spheeris interview 2011". legendaryrockinterviews.com. Retrieved 2015.
  13. ^ Rottenberg, Josh (June 16, 2008). "Mike Myers: Man of Mystery". ew.com. Retrieved 2017. I hated that bastard for years," says Spheeris, who believes Myers dissuaded Paramount from hiring her for Wayne's World 2. "But when I saw Austin Powers, I went, 'I forgive you, Mike.'" She pauses, voice choked with emotion. "'You can be moody, you can be a jerk, you can be things that others of us can't be--because you are profoundly talented. And I forgive you.'
  14. ^ "Interview: Wayne's World director Penelope Spheeris". wwweek.com. Retrieved 2015.
  15. ^ "Penelope Spheeris Collection". Academy Film Archive (Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences). Archived from the original on December 2, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  16. ^ "Preserved Projects (Penelope Spheeris)". Academy Film Archive (Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences). Archived from the original on August 13, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  17. ^ Hyden, Steven. "The Resurrection of 'The Decline of Western Civilization': Director Penelope Spheeris's Definitive L.A. Music Trilogy Is Back". Retrieved 2015.
  18. ^ Friedman, Ann. "Penelope Spheeris: 'I sold out and took the money'". Retrieved 2016.
  19. ^ "Episode 615 - Penelope Spheeris âEUR" WTF with Marc Maron Podcast". Wtfpod.com. 2015-06-29. Retrieved .
  20. ^ "Penelope Spheeris". IMDb. Retrieved .
  21. ^ "Penelope Spheeris". www.rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved .
  22. ^ "Penelope Spheeris". Metacritic. Retrieved .

External links


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