Peake's commentary was first published in 1919 as A Commentary on the Bible, edited by Arthur Samuel Peake (1865-1929) with the assistance of A. J. Grieve for the New Testament. There were 61 contributors, writing 96 articles. Its length was 1014 pages + 8 maps. Biblical quotation in this edition was from the Revised Version of the Bible.
The revised 1962 edition was edited by Matthew Black (1908-1994), the General and New Testament Editor and Harold Henry Rowley (1890-1969), the Old Testament editor. This edition was completely rewritten but on the same plan as its predecessor, including 103 articles. Black's Preface pays tribute to the original; "About one thing there was no question: there could be no departure from the Peake tradition of accurate and reliable popular scholarship." Its length was 1126 pages + 16 maps. The new edition is based on the Revised Standard Version. The 62 contributors are from all branches of Protestantism in Europe and America. Its aim is to present to the layperson the "generally accepted results of Biblical Criticism, Interpretation, History and Theology".