|Phonemic representation||p, f (was ?), w|
|Position in alphabet||17|
|Alphabetic derivatives of the Phoenician|
The original sound value is a voiceless bilabial plosive: /p/; it retains this value in most Semitic languages except for Arabic, which having lost /p/ now uses it to render a voiceless labiodental fricative /f/.
Pe is usually assumed to come from a pictogram of a "mouth" (in Hebrew pe; in Arabic, fah).
The letter ? is named f. It is written in several ways depending on its position in the word:
Examples on usage in Modern Standard Arabic:
In the Maghreb (northwest Africa), the dot in f?' is written underneath (?). Once the prevalent style, it is now only used in Maghribi countries for writing Qur'an, with the exception of Libya and Algeria, which adopted the Mashriqi form (dot above).
|Position in word:||Isolated||Final||Medial||Initial|
|Form of letter:||?|||||||
The Maghrebi alphabet has taken the shape of fa' (?) to mean q?f instead.
Normally, the letter ? f?' renders /f/ sound, but may also be used some names and loanwords where it can render /v/, might be arabized as /f/ in accordance to its spelling, e.g., (Unilever). It may be used interchangeably with the modified letter ? - ve (with 3 dots above) in this case.
The character is mapped in Unicode under position U+06A4.
The Maghrebi style, used in Northwestern Africa, the dots moved underneath (Unicode U+06A5), because it is based on the other style of f?' (?):
|Code point||Isolated||Final||Medial||Initial||Unicode character name (or descriptive synonyms used in the JoiningType and JoiningGroup datatables)|
|U+0641||ف||?ف||?ف?||ف?||ARABIC LETTER FEH|
|U+06A1||ڡ||?ڡ||?ڡ?||ڡ?||ARABIC LETTER DOTLESS FEH|
|U+06A2||ڢ||?ڢ||?ڢ?||ڢ?||ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH DOT MOVED BELOW|
|U+06A3||ڣ||?ڣ||?ڣ?||ڣ?||ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH DOT BELOW|
|U+06A4||ڤ||?ڤ||?ڤ?||ڤ?||ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 3 DOTS ABOVE = VEH|
|U+06A5||ڥ||?ڥ||?ڥ?||ڥ?||ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 3 DOTS BELOW = MAGHRIBI VEH|
|U+06A6||ڦ||?ڦ||?ڦ?||ڦ?||ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 4 DOTS ABOVE = PEHEH|
|U+0760||ݠ||?ݠ||?ݠ?||ݠ?||ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 2 DOTS BELOW|
|U+0761||ݡ||?ݡ||?ݡ?||ݡ?||ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 3 DOTS POINTING UPWARDS BELOW|
|U+08A4||ࢤ||?ࢤ||?ࢤ?||ࢤ?||ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH DOT BELOW AND THREE DOTS ABOVE|
|position in word||Various print fonts||Cursive Hebrew||Rashi|
A notable variation on the letter Pe is the Pe Kefulah, "Doubled Pe". The Pe Kefulah is written as a small Pe scribed within a larger Pe. This atypical letter appears in Torah scrolls (most often Yemenite Torahs but is also present in Sephardic and Ashkenazi Torahs), manuscripts, and some modern printed Hebrew Bibles. When the Pe is written in the form of a Doubled Pe, this adds a layer of deeper meaning to the Biblical text. This letter variation can appear on the final and non-final forms of the Pe.
There are two orthographic variants of this letter which indicate a different pronunciation:
When Pe appears without the dagesh dot in its center (?), then it usually represents a voiceless labiodental fricative /f/.
At the end of words, the letter's written form changes to a Pe/Fe Sophit (Final Pe/Fe): ?.
When a word in modern Hebrew borrowed from another language ends with /p/, the non-final form is used (e.g. /'filip/ "Philip"), while borrowings ending in /f/ still use the Pe Sofit (e.g. /kef/ "fun", from Arabic). This is because native Hebrew words, which always use the final form at the end, cannot end in /p/.
|Unicode name||HEBREW LETTER PE||HEBREW LETTER FINAL PE||ARABIC LETTER FEH||SYRIAC LETTER PE||SAMARITAN LETTER PI|
|UTF-8||215 164||D7 A4||215 163||D7 A3||217 129||D9 81||220 166||DC A6||224 160 144||E0 A0 90|
|Numeric character reference||פ||פ||ף||ף||ف||ف||ܦ||ܦ||ࠐ||ࠐ|
|Unicode name||UGARITIC LETTER PU||IMPERIAL ARAMAIC LETTER PE||PHOENICIAN LETTER PE|
|UTF-8||240 144 142 148||F0 90 8E 94||240 144 161 144||F0 90 A1 90||240 144 164 144||F0 90 A4 90|
|UTF-16||55296 57236||D800 DF94||55298 56400||D802 DC50||55298 56592||D802 DD10|
|Numeric character reference||𐎔||𐎔||𐡐||𐡐||𐤐||𐤐|