Pavlovi%C4%87 Noble Family
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Pavlovi%C4%87 Noble Family
Radinovi?-Pavlovi?[a]
Radinovi?[1][a], Pavlovi?
Noble house
Pavlovic CoA.png
Coat of arms of the House of Pavlovi?
Parent houseRadinovi?
CountryBanate of Bosnia & Kingdom of Bosnia
Founded1391 (1391)
FounderPavle Radinovi?
Final rulerNikola Pavlovi?
TitlesVeliki Vojvoda Bosanski
English: Grand Duke of Bosnia
Vojvoda
English: Duke
Knez
English: Lord
Vlasteli?i?
English: minor Lord
Style(s)Veliki Vojvoda Bosanski
English: Grand Duke of Bosnia
ReligionBosnian Church[2]
Estate(s)Bora?-Pavlovac
(main family estate)
Dissolution1463 (1463)
Ottoman conquest

The Pavlovi? family, also Radinovi?[1] or Radenovi?[a], or Radinovi?-Pavlovi?, whose ancestors Jablani?i got their name after their family estate at Jablan grad (Mezgraja, Ugljevik), was a medieval Bosnian family, whose feudal possessions extended from the Middle and Upper Drina river in the eastern parts of medieval Bosnia to south-southeastern regions of the Bosnian realm in Hum, and Konavle at the Adriatic coast. The family official residence and seat was at Bora? and later Pavlovac, above the Pra?a river canyon, between present-day Pra?a, Rogatica and Gora?de in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[3]

History

Radin[a] Jablani? was a local lord of the Krivaja valley and Pra?a region, and father of family's founder Pavle Radenovi?, who ruled a territory in the east and south to southeastern parts of the Bosnian Kingdom,[1] from the late 14th century until his death in 1415.[4]

Pavle Radinovi? plotted against then king of Bosnia, Ostoja, and his Grand Duke, Sandalj Hrani?, which led to his assassination by Sandalj in Kraljeva Sutjeska in 1415. He was buried somewhere in Vrhbosna, it is speculated in today's Sarajevo outskirts, between suburb of Dobrinja and village of Tilava, in the areal named "Pavlovac".[5]

Most prominent member of the family was Grand Duke of Bosnia, Radislav[a] Pavlovi?, son of Pavle.[2]

Family seat

Bora? castle

The family hailed and ruled from Bora?-Pavlovac. It's actually two castles rather than one, built in space of several decades (two generations) and few kilometers apart in distance from each others. These are simply known as Old Bora? and New Bora? or Pavlovac.[3][6][7][8]

Pavlovac castle

The new castle of Bora? is actually called Pavlovac, and is considered to be a new structure also known Novi (English: New), or Novi Grad (English: New Town). Problem exist in correct dating of its construction, but some medieval charters suggest 1392, or late 14th century, as time of its construction, during Radislav Pavlovi? at the family's helm.[3][6][7][8]

Old Bora? castle

However, historians are certain that another Radinovi?-Pavlovi? fortress existed, original and older Bora? castle, which was built around 1244 in the 13th century and located just a few kilometers downstream the Pra?a river, near village Mesi?i, between villages of Bora? i Br?igovo.[3][6][7][8]

Possessions

Principality of Pavle Radenovi? in the early 15th century

Possessions, estates and castles of Radinovi?-Pavlovi? family:[6]

Family tree

  • Radin Jablani? (-1391), minor Landlord (Vlasteli?i?)
    • Pavle Radinovi? (Founder) (1391-1415), Lord (Knez) and Duke (Vojvoda)[1]
      • Petar I Pavlovi? (1415-1420), Duke (Vojvoda)
      • Radislav Pavlovi? (1420-1441), Grand Duke of Bosnia (since 1441), Lord (Knez) and Duke (Vojvoda)
        • Ivani? Pavlovi? (1441-1450), Duke (Vojvoda)
        • Petar II Pavlovi? (1450-1463), Duke (Vojvoda)
        • Nikola Pavlovi? (1450-1463), Lord (Knez)

Religion

Basic expression of loyalty and affiliation for all nobility during 14th and early 15th century, when Pavlovi? family ruled the central and eastern parts of Banat of Bosnia then Kingdom of Bosnia, was their loyalty to the monarch, kingdom, and Bosnian Church. Similarly, all members of Pavlovi? family throughout 14th and early 15th century were members of this religion, except Ivani? Pavlovi?, who briefly ventured into Catholicism. So, it is known for certain that knyaz Pavle Radinovi?, his sons, duke Petar and knyaz and grand duke Radislav Pavlovi?, as well as grand duke's Radislav sons, duke Ivani?, prince Nikola and knyaz Petar Pavlovi? were all members of Bosnian Church.[2]
Members and leaders of Bosnian Church had had important role and influence at Pavlovi?'s family courts through generations, first at knyaz Pavla's Radinovi? court, and later at the court of Grand Duke of Bosnia Radislav Pavlovi?, as well as at his brother's duke Petar's court. This continued with Radislav's sons as well, duke Ivani? Pavlovi?, prince Nikola and knyaz Petar. Actually, it was Grand Duke of Bosnia, Radislav Pavlovi?, who significantly increased role and influence of Bosnian Church krstjani, their members and leaders with state affairs. Historical documents noted frequent appearance of Bosnian Church influential members every time political and economic relations needed mediation, whether within Bosnia and its magnates, or between Bosnia and its neighbors, and most notably in relation with Dubrovnik. These mediation were numerous especially between Bosnian elite and Dubrovnik, such as negotiations over sale of Radislav Pavlovi?'s part of Konavale to Dubrovnik and mediation in ending Konavle war.[2]

Coat of arms

The subject and main reference of the book "Rodoslovne tablice i grbovi srpskih dinastija i vlastele" by group of Serbian authors from 1987,[9] in which, among other, Radinovi?-Pavlovi? coat of arms was discussed, are Illyrian Armorials, such as Fojnica and Ohmu?evi?. These are in significant part fictional depiction of the medieval families coat of arms.

However, according to these authors, the "Illyrian Armorials" depict the family coat of arms as a fortified city with three towers, on both the shield and the crest, with red shield and golden city on it, while the city in the crest is red, as well as the mantling with an interior of golden. The "Ohmu?evi? Armorial" added three golden lilies in the shield, however, that interpretation is not in line with sphragistics, and is likely to be decorative.[10] The Pavlovi? family left six seals, which all have the same heraldic symbol, a tower, or fortified city. The oldest coat of arms is that of Pavle, dated to 1397, which has a fortified city with one tower. On the seals of his son, Radoslav, one has one tower (1432), the other three (1437), while Radoslav's son Ivani? has three towers in his seal. The fortification is most likely modeled after Ragusan (today Dubrovnik) seals.[10] This seal was likely used as the family coat of arms, despite the fact that there are no authentic complete coat of arms with shield, helmet and crest.[10]

On the same subject other authors, like ?iro Truhelka from 1914, and more recently Nada Gruji? and Danko Zeli? from 2010, and Amer Sulejmanagi? from 2012, have different perspectives, from which they made different conclusions. Primarily, for them existence of the coat of arms (escutcheon, helmet and crest), created by Ratko Ivan?i? in 1427 and still visible at family palace in Dubrovnik, is not in dispute.
Thus, according to Croatian archaeologist ?iro Truhelka (1865-1942) and his study "Osvrt na sredovje?ne kulturne spomenike Bosne" from 1914, the Illyrian Armorials, according to its "ideological-propagandic message", used the red color in the coat of arms, instead of Radoslav Pavlovi?'s coat of arms in Ragusa which used ultramarine.[11]
On the same line Nada Gruji? and Danko Zeli?, in their study from 2010, state that Radislav Pavlovi?'s coat of arms was in gold and lapis lazuli.[12]
Radoslav Pavlovi?'s coat of arms at his palace in Ragusa was made by Ratko Ivan?i? in 1427, measuring 1,28x1,28 m.[13]

In two ste?ci in Boljuni near Stolac, there are engravings of a castle with three towers, which ?efik Be?lagi? used to believe belonged to members of the family. On the other hand, there is an assumption that the necropolis at Pavlovac village, in Kasindo near Sarajevo, belonged to the family, thus, the resting place of the family remains unsolved.[10]

Family coat of arms evolution[11][13][12]
Older seal used by Radislav's father, knez Pavle Radinovi?, with depiction of his court, Bora? Castle.
Seal of Grand Duke of Bosnia, Radislav Pavlovi?, son of knez Pavle, with depiction of his court, Pavlovac Fortress.
Coat of arms in blue & gold at family palace in Dubrovnik, authored by Ratko Ivan?i? in 1427.

Annotations

  1. ^
    Name: His surname is sometimes spelled Radenovi? (Serbian Cyrillic: ) and sometimes Radinovi?, being a patronymic from his father's name Raden or Radin (Jablani?). Same goes for his son Radoslav or Radislav (Pavlovi?). Different authors use different spelling, in most of the cases authors from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia use Radin-Radinovi?-Radislav variant of these names, like, for example, one of the most important Bosnian medievalists Marko Vego 1957, same in Esad Kurtovi? 2009's book on pg.23 under reference 60. cited medieval charter with surname spelled Radinovi? ("Primjera radi, knez Pavle Radinovi? naveden je ispravno: "knezj Pavalj Radinovi? jzj bratiomj"; "Comes Paulus Radinovi? cum fratribus", ?urmin, Hrvatski spomenici, 97; Klai?, Povelja, 61."); meanwhile authors from Serbia, like Jovan Radoni?, use Raden-Radenovi?-Radoslav, sometimes even Radosav, variant. Authors from outside Serbo-Croatian speaking sphere use any of these variants indiscriminately, hence Fine 1994 uses Paul (Pavle) Radenovi?, while, for example, Heinrich Renner 1897, in his "Durch Bosnien und die Herzegovina kreuz und quer" on pg.129, writes Paul Radinovi?.

Sources

  • Sulejmanagi?, Amer (2012). "The Coat of Arms of the Pavlovi? Family". Bosna Franciscana. Aleja Bosne Srebrene 111, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina: Franjeva?ka teologija Sarajevo. 36/2012: 165-206.CS1 maint: location (link)
  • Fine, John Van Antwerp (1994), The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Renner, Heinrich (1897), Durch Bosnien und die Herzegovina kreuz und quer (in German), Berlin D. Reimer (E. Vohsen)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Vego, Marko (1957), Naselja bosanske srednjevjekovne dr?ave (in Bosnian), Sarajevo: SvjetlostCS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Kurtovi?, Esad (2009), Veliki vojvoda bosanski Sandalj Hrani? Kosa?a (PDF) (in Bosnian), Sarajevo: Institut za istoriju univerzitet SarajevoCS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

Further reading

References

  1. ^ a b c d Maslo, Amer. "M.A. Thesis: "Slavni i velmo?ni gospodin knez Pavle Radinovi?" (available for download at faculty website)" (PDF). www.ff.unsa.ba (in Bosnian). Faculty of Philosophy of University of Sarajevo - History Department. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d Jur?evi?, Ivana (15 July 2016). "Srednjovjekovni odnosi crkve prema plemstvu u Bosni, poseban osvrt na obitelj Pavlovi?" (.pdf available in English for download). hrcak.srce.hr (in Croatian). Hum, ?asopis Filozofskog fakulteta Sveu?ili?ta u Mostaru, Vol.11 No.15, 2016. pp. 112-135. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d "Borak (Han-stjeni?ki plateau) necropolis with ste?ak tombstones in the village of Burati, the historic site". Commission to preserve national monuments (in Bosnian). Commission to preserve national monuments. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ Mihovil Mandi? (December 1927). "Postanak Sarajeva". Naroda starina (in Croatian). Croatian State Archives. 6 (14): 4, 7. Retrieved .
  5. ^ Esad Kurtovi?. "Sandalj Hrani? Kosa?a" (PDF). iis.unsa.ba (in Bosnian). Institut za istoriju Sarajevo - Univerzitet Sarajevo. Archived from the original (pdf) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d Marko Vego (1957). Naselja bosanske srednjevjekovne dr?ave (in Bosnian). Sarajevo: Svjetlost. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ a b c Alija Bejti? (1966). Rogatica, Srednji vijek (in Bosnian). Sarajevo: Svjetlost.
  8. ^ a b c Desanka Kova?evi?-Koji? (1987). Gradska naselja srednjovjekovne Bosanske dr?ave (in Bosnian). Sarajevo: Veselin Masle?a.
  9. ^ Ivi?, Aleksa; Mr?enovi?, Du?an; Spasi?, Du?an; Palavestra, Aleksandar. Rodoslovne tablice i grbovi srpskih dinastija i vlastele (in Serbian). Nova knj.
  10. ^ a b c d Ivi? et al. 1987, p. 189.
  11. ^ a b Truhelka, ?iro (1914). "Osvrt na sredovje?ne kulturne spomenike Bosne". Sarajevo, BiH: Glasnik Zemaljskog Muzeja BiH knjiga XXVI, 1914. p. 229. Osvrt na sredovje?ne kulturne spomenike Bosne", 229. "Tako, barem u segmentu figura na ?titu grba, mo?emo biti sigurni da ih je autor prototipa tzv. "Ilirskog grbovnika" manje-vi?e vjerodostojno prenio. To se, naravno, ne mo?e re?i za boju ?tita grba. U skladu sa svojom ideolo?ko-propagandnom porukom tzv. "Ilirskiog grbovnika" ?tit grba Pavlovi?a boji crvenom bojom nemanji?ke kvazitradicije, dok je mo?ni bosanski magnat Radoslav Pavlovi? za svoj grb u Dubrovniku koristio skupi ultramarin. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  12. ^ a b Nada Gruji?, Danko Zeli?, Pala?a vojvode Sandalja Hrani?a u Dubrovniku, Anali Dubrovnik 48, Dubrovnik, 2010, 70, nap. 71; "Mi znamo, da se je vojvoda Radoslav Pavlovi? trsio, da njegov dvor u Dubrovniku bude ?to sjajniji a na svom grbu, ?to je imao da ukrasi ulaz, nije ?alio potro?iti ni zlata ni lapis lazuli, najskupocjeniji slikarski materijal one dobe..."
  13. ^ a b Sulejmanagi?, Amer (2012). "The Coat of Arms of the Pavlovi? Family". Bosna Franciscana (in Bosnian and English). Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina: Franjeva?ka teologija Sarajevo. 36/2012 (36): 165-206. Retrieved 2015. "Duos cimerios de arma" koje je 1427. god. Ratko Ivan?i? klesao za Radoslavljevu pala?u bili su dimenzija 2,5 lakta po visini i ?irini (1,28 x1,28 m)

External links


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